D.C. Act 22-555. Child Neglect and Sex Trafficking Emergency Amendment Act of 2018.

D.C. Act 22-555. Child Neglect and Sex Trafficking Emergency Amendment Act of 2018.

AN ACT

To amend, on an emergency basis, the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect Act of 1977 to broaden the definitions of an abused child and a neglected child to include a victim of sex trafficking or severe forms of trafficking of persons, a commercial sex act, or sex trafficking of children; and to amend An Act To provide for the mandatory reporting by physicians and institutions in the District of Columbia of certain physical abuse of children to make a conforming amendment.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE COUNCIL OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, That this act may be cited as the "Child Neglect and Sex Trafficking Emergency Amendment Act of 2018".

Note § 4-1301.02

Sec. 2. Section 102 of the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect Act of 1977, effective September 23, 1977 (D.C. Law 2-22; D.C. Official Code § 4-1301.02), is amended as follows:

(a) Paragraph (1) is amended to read as follows:

"(1)(A) "Abused", when used in reference to a child, means:

"(i) Abused, as that term is defined in D.C. Official Code § 16-2301(23); or

"(ii) Sexual abuse, which shall include:

"(I) Severe forms of trafficking in persons or sex trafficking, as those terms are defined in section 103(9)(A) and (10) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, approved October 28, 2000 (114 Stat. 1469; 22 U.S.C. § 7102(9)(A) and (10)));

"(II) A commercial sex act, as that term is defined in section 101(4) of the Prohibition Against Human Trafficking Amendment Act of 2010, effective October 23, 2010 (D.C. Law 18-239; D.C. Official Code § 22-1831(4)); or

"(III) Sex trafficking of children, as described in section 104 of the Prohibition Against Human Trafficking Amendment Act of 2010, effective October 23, 2010 (D.C. Law 18-239; D.C. Official Code § 22-1834).

"(B) Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as preventing or intending to prevent:

"(i) Sex trafficking, severe forms of trafficking in persons, a commercial sex act, or sex trafficking of children from being considered a form of sexual abuse for purposes of D.C. Official Code § 16-2301(32); or

"(ii) The Agency from offering or providing services for a child victim of sex trafficking, severe forms of trafficking in persons, a commercial sex act, or sex trafficking of children, including where the child was not abused or neglected by a parent, guardian, or custodian.".

(b) Paragraph (15A) is amended to read as follows:

"(15A) "Neglected child" means a child who is a:

"(A) Neglected child, as that term is defined in D.C. Official Code § 16-2301(9);

"(B) Victim of severe forms of trafficking in persons or sex trafficking, as those terms are defined in section 103(9)(A) and (10) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, approved October 28, 2000 (114 Stat. 1469; 22 U.S.C. § 7102(9)(A) and (10)));

"(C) Victim of a commercial sex act, as that term is defined in section 101(4) of the Prohibition Against Human Trafficking Amendment Act of 2010, effective October 23, 2010 (D.C. Law 18-239; D.C. Official Code § 22-1831(4)); or

"(D) Victim of sex trafficking of children, as described in section 104 of the Prohibition Against Human Trafficking Amendment Act of 2010, effective October 23, 2010 (D.C. Law 18-239; D.C. Official Code § 22-1834).".

Note § 4-1321.02

Sec. 3. Section 2(a) of An Act To provide for the mandatory reporting by physicians and institutions in the District of Columbia of certain physical abuse of children, approved November 6, 1966 (80 Stat. 1354; D.C. Official Code § 4-1321.02(a)), is amended by striking the phrase "neglected child, as defined in D.C. Code, sec. 16-2301(9), shall" and inserting the phrase "neglected child, as defined in section 102(15A) of the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect Act of 1977, effective September 23, 1977 (D.C. Law 2-22; D.C. Official Code § 4- 1301.02(15A)), shall" in its place.

Sec. 4. Fiscal impact statement.

The Council adopts the fiscal impact statement of the Budget Director as the fiscal impact statement required by section 4a of the General Legislative Procedures Act of 1975, approved October 16, 2006 (120 Stat. 2038; D.C. Official Code § 1-301.47a).

Sec. 5. Effective date.

This act shall take effect following approval by the Mayor (or in the event of a veto by the Mayor, action by the Council to override the veto), and shall remain in effect for no longer than 90 days, as provided for emergency acts of the Council of the District of Columbia in section 412(a) of the District of Columbia Home Rule Act, approved December 24, 1973 (87 Stat. 788; D.C. Official Code § 1-204.12(a)).