For the purposes of this chapter, the term:
(1) “De facto parent” means an individual:
(i) Lived with the child in the same household at the time of the child’s birth or adoption by the child’s parent;
(ii) Has taken on full and permanent responsibilities as the child’s parent; and
(iii) Has held himself or herself out as the child’s parent with the agreement of the child’s parent or, if there are 2 parents, both parents; or
(i) Has lived with the child in the same household for at least 10 of the 12 months immediately preceding the filing of the complaint or motion for custody;
(ii) Has formed a strong emotional bond with the child with the encouragement and intent of the child’s parent that a parent-child relationship form between the child and the third party;
(iii) Has taken on full and permanent responsibilities as the child’s parent; and
(iv) Has held himself or herself out as the child’s parent with the agreement of the child’s parent, or if there are 2 parents, both parents.
(2) “Intrafamily offense” shall have the same meaning as provided in § 16-1001(8).
(3) “Legal custody” means legal responsibility for a child, including the right to:
(A) Make decisions regarding the child’s health, education, and general welfare;
(B) Access the child’s educational, medical, psychological, dental, or other records; and
(C) Speak with and obtain information regarding the child from school officials, health care providers, counselors, or other persons interacting with the child.
(4) “Physical custody” means a child’s living arrangements. The term “physical custody” includes a child’s residency or visitation schedule.
(5) “Third party” means a person other than the child’s parent or de facto parent.
Effect of Amendments
D.C. Law 17-353 validated a previously made technical correction in the section designation.
For temporary (90 day) addition, see § 2(b) of Safe and Stable Homes for Children and Youth Emergency Amendment Act of 2007 (D.C. Act 17-69, July 9, 2007, 54 DCR 6826).