(a) On application by a judgment creditor of a member or transferee, the Superior Court may enter a charging order against the transferable interest of the judgment debtor for the unsatisfied amount of the judgment. Except as otherwise provided in subsection (f) of this section, a charging order constitutes a lien on a judgment debtor’s transferable interest and requires the limited liability company to pay over to the person to which the charging order was issued any distribution that would otherwise be paid to the judgment debtor.
(b) To the extent necessary to effectuate the collection of distributions pursuant to a charging order in effect under subsection (a) of this section, the Superior Court may:
(1) Appoint a receiver of the distributions subject to the charging order, with the power to make all inquiries the judgment debtor might have made; and
(2) Make all other orders necessary to give effect to the charging order.
(c) Upon a showing that distributions under a charging order will not pay the judgment debt within a reasonable time, the Superior Court may foreclose the lien and order the sale of the transferable interest. Except as otherwise provided in subsection (f) of this section, the purchaser at the foreclosure sale shall obtain the transferable interest, shall not thereby become a member, and shall be subject to § 29-805.02.
(d) At any time before foreclosure under subsection (c) of this section, the member or transferee whose transferable interest is subject to a charging order under subsection (a) of this section may extinguish the charging order by satisfying the judgment and filing a certified copy of the satisfaction with the Superior Court.
(e) At any time before foreclosure under subsection (c) of this section, a limited liability company or one or more members whose transferable interests are not subject to the charging order may pay to the judgment creditor the full amount due under the judgment and thereby succeed to the rights of the judgment creditor, including the charging order.
(f) If a court orders foreclosure of a charging order lien against the sole member of a limited liability company:
(1) The court shall confirm the sale;
(2) The purchaser at the sale obtains the member’s entire interest, not only the member’s transferable interest;
(3) The purchaser thereby becomes a member; and
(4) The person whose interest was subject to the foreclosed charging order is dissociated as a member.
(g) This chapter shall not deprive any member or transferee of the benefit of any exemption laws applicable to the member’s or transferee’s transferable interest.
(h) This section provides the exclusive remedy by which a person seeking to enforce a judgment against a member or transferee may, in the capacity of judgment creditor, satisfy the judgment from the judgment debtor’s transferable interest.
Effect of Amendments
The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 substituted “Except as otherwise provided in subsection (f) of this section, a charging order constitutes” for “A charging order shall constitute” in (a); substituted “Except as otherwise provided in subsection (f) of this section, the purchaser” for “The purchaser” in (c); redesignated former (f) and (g) as present (g) and (h), respectively; and added present (f).
Uniform Law: This section is based on § 503 of the Uniform Limited Company Act (2006 Act).
Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.