Code of the District of Columbia

§ 4–507. Awards of compensation.

(a) The Court shall award compensation in an amount equal to the claimant’s economic loss, decreased by the amount available to the claimant from collateral sources.

(a-1) Notwithstanding subsection (a) of this section, if a victim or secondary victim is a dependent on a primary insurance holder's insurance policy, the primary insurance holder's insurance policy shall not constitute a collateral source for the purposes of subsection (a) of this section, unless the victim or secondary victim chooses to avail himself or herself of the benefits or compensation from the primary insurance holder's insurance policy.

(b) The Court shall not award compensation in an amount exceeding $25,000 per victimization.

(c) The Court shall calculate awards in a fair and equitable manner.

(d) The payment of compensation may provide for apportionment, the holding of the compensation or any part thereof in trust, payment in a lump sum or periodic installments, or payment directly to the provider of medical services or economic loss expenses.

(e) An award is not subject to enforcement, attachment, or garnishment, except that an award may be subject to a claim of a creditor if the cost of products, services, or accommodations included in the award were covered by the creditor.

(f) If a claimant is awarded compensation prior to the sentencing of an offender convicted of the crime which was the subject of the claim, the Court shall notify the sentencing judge of the amount of the award, notwithstanding that the files and records of the claim remain otherwise confidential as provided in § 4-511. Restitution ordered for an offense that was the basis for an award under this chapter, up to the amount of the award, shall be payable directly to the Fund as provided in § 4-509.

(g) Eligibility for public benefits shall not be affected by the receipt of crime victims compensation funds.


(Apr. 9, 1997, D.C. Law 11-243, § 8, 44 DCR 1142; Oct. 19, 2000, D.C. Law 13-172, § 202(c), 47 DCR 6308; Mar. 3, 2020, D.C. Law 23-57, § 2(a), 66 DCR 15914.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 3-427.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 13-172, in subsec. (b), substituted “exceeding $25,000 per victimization” for “exceeding $25,000”, and added subsec. (g), relating to eligibility for benefits.

Emergency Legislation

See note to § 4-501.

For temporary (90-day) amendment of section, see § 202(c) of the Fiscal Year 2001 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2000 (D.C. Act 13-376, July 24, 2000, 47 DCR 6574).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 202(c) of the Fiscal Year 2001 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2000 (D.C. Act 13-438, October 20, 2000, 47 DCR 8740).