Code of the District of Columbia

§ 42–3509.04. Service.

(a) Unless otherwise provided by Rental Housing Commission regulations, any information or document required to be served upon any person shall be served upon that person, or the representative designated by that person or by the law to receive service of the documents. When a party has appeared through a representative of record, service shall be made upon that representative. Service upon a person may be completed by any of the following ways:

(1) By handing the document to the person, by leaving it at the person’s place of business with some responsible person in charge, or by leaving it at the person’s usual place of residence with a person of suitable age and discretion;

(2) By telegram, when the content of the information or document is given to a telegraph company properly addressed and prepaid;

(3) By mail or deposit with the United States Postal Service properly stamped and addressed; or

(4) By any other means that is in conformity with an order of the Rental Housing Commission or the Rent Administrator in any proceeding.

(b) No rent increases, whether under this chapter, the Rental Accommodations Act of 1975, the Rental Housing Act of 1977, the Rental Housing Act of 1980, or any administrative decisions issued under these acts, shall be effective until the first day on which rent is normally paid occurring more than 30 days after notice of the increase is given to the tenant.

(c) No housing provider may issue a rent increase notice to any residential tenant during a period for which a public health emergency has been declared pursuant to § 7-2304.01.

(d)(1) Any rent increase, whether under this chapter, the Rental Accommodations Act of 1975, the Rental Housing Act of 1977, the Rental Housing Act of 1980, or any administrative decisions issued under these acts, shall be null and void and shall be issued anew in accordance with subsection (b) of this section if:

(A) The effective date of the rent increase as stated on the notice of rent increase occurs during a period for which a public health emergency has been declared pursuant to § 7-2304.01, and for 30 days thereafter;

(B) The notice of rent increase was provided to the tenant during a period for which a public health emergency has been declared; or

(C) The notice was provided to the tenant prior to, but the rent increase takes effect following, a public health emergency.

(2) The Rent Administrator shall review all notices to a tenant of an adjustment in the rent charged filed by a housing provider with the Rental Accommodations Division of the Department of Housing and Community Development for consistency with this subsection and shall inform the housing provider that:

(A) A rent increase is prohibited during the public health emergency plus 30 days pursuant to this section;

(B) The housing provider shall withdraw the rent increase notice;

(C) The housing provider shall inform tenants in writing that any rent increase notice is null and void pursuant to the Coronavirus Support Congressional Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-328);

(D) The housing provider shall within 7 calendar days, file a certification with the Rental Accommodations Division that the notice letter required by subparagraph (C) of this paragraph was sent to tenants, along with a sample copy of the notice and a list of each tenant name and corresponding unit numbers; and

(E) If it is determined that the housing provider knowingly demanded or received any rent increase prohibited by this chapter or substantially reduced or eliminated related services previously provided for a rental unit, the housing provider may be subject to treble damages and a rollback of the rent, pursuant to § 42-3509.01(a).


(July 17, 1985, D.C. Law 6-10, § 904, 32 DCR 3089; June 8, 2020, D.C. Act 23-328, § 405(b)(7), 67 DCR 7598.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 45-2594.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 42-3502.08, § 42-3502.09, and § 42-3502.16.

Cross References

Rental Accommodations Act of 1975, and the Rental Housing Acts of 1977 and 1980, definitions, see § 42-3501.03.

Rent increases above base rent, notice of increase in compliance with this section, see § 42-3502.08.

Expiration of Law

See Historical and Statutory Notes following § 42-3509.01.