Code of the District of Columbia

Part B. Director of Government Ethics.


§ 1–1162.11. Powers of the Director of Government Ethics.

The Director of Government Ethics, approved by the Board, shall have the power to:

(1) Require any person to submit, within a reasonable period and under oath or otherwise as the Director of Government Ethics may determine, written reports and answers to questions that the Director of Government Ethics may propound relating to the administration and enforcement of this subchapter;

(2) Administer oaths;

(3) Require by subpoena the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of all documentary evidence relating to the execution of the Board’s duties; provided, that subpoenas issued under this paragraph shall be issued by the Director of Government Ethics only upon approval of a majority of the Board and served either personally or by certified or registered mail;

(4) Order testimony to be taken by deposition in a proceeding or investigation before any person who is designated by the Director of Government Ethics and has the power to administer oaths and, in such instances, to compel testimony and the production of evidence in the same manner as authorized under this section;

(5) Pay witnesses the same fees and mileage as are paid in like circumstances in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia;

(6) Institute or conduct, on the Director of Government Ethics’ own motion, a preliminary investigation into alleged violations of the Code of Conduct or other violations of this subchapter;

(7) Retain, on a temporary basis, consultants, including attorneys or others, on a pro bono basis, as necessary to administer and enforce this subchapter; and

(8) Require any person to submit through an electronic format or medium a report required pursuant to this subchapter.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 211, 59 DCR 1862; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 1083(m), 65 DCR 9388.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1162.18.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(m) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(m) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).


§ 1–1162.12. Preliminary investigations.

(a) The Director of Government Ethics shall conduct a preliminary investigation of a possible violation of the Code of Conduct or of this subchapter brought to the attention of the Director of Government Ethics or the Board through the following sources:

(1) The media;

(2) A tip received through the hotline; or

(3) Documents filed with the Board.

(b) If during or after the preliminary investigation, the Director of Government Ethics has reason to believe that a violation of the Code of Conduct or of this subchapter may have occurred, the Director of Government Ethics shall present evidence of the violation to the Board. Upon presentation of evidence, the Board may authorize a formal investigation and the issuance of subpoenas if it finds reason to believe a violation has occurred.

(c) A preliminary investigation may be dismissed by the Director of Government Ethics or the Board if insufficient evidence exists to support a reasonable belief that a violation has occurred.

(d) The identity of an individual who is the subject of the preliminary investigation shall not be disclosed without the individual’s consent unless or until the Board has found reason to believe that the individual has committed a violation and the Board finds that disclosure would not harm the investigation.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 212, 59 DCR 1862; July 15, 2014, D.C. Law 20-122, § 2(d), 61 DCR 5688; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 1083(n), 65 DCR 9388.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1162.14.

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-122 inserted “of” following “violation” in subsection (a).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(n) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(n) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(d) of the Comprehensive Code of Conduct and BEGA Emergency Amendment Act of 2014, (D.C. Act 20-323, Apr. 28, 2014, 61 DCR 4681).


§ 1–1162.13. Formal investigation.

(a) A formal investigation shall be initiated upon:

(1) Receipt of a written complaint transmitted to the Board;

(2) A finding by the Office of the Inspector General or District of Columbia Auditor of waste, fraud, abuse of government resources, or a violation of the Code of Conduct; or

(3) A finding by a court of competent jurisdiction of liability in a civil proceeding, indictment, or information in a criminal proceeding with respect to acts or offenses that may constitute violations of the Code of Conduct or of this subchapter.

(b) A written complaint shall include:

(1) The full name and address of the complainant and the respondent;

(2) A clear and concise statement of facts that are alleged to constitute a violation of the Code of Conduct or of this subchapter;

(3) The complainant’s signature;

(4) A verification of the complaint under oath; and

(5) Supporting documentation, if any.

(c) No complaint may be made under this subchapter later than 5 years after the discovery of the alleged violation.

(d) An individual making a complaint shall be afforded all available protections from adverse employment action or retaliation in accordance with Chapter 6 of this title and subchapter XII of Chapter 2 of Title 2 [§ 2-223.01 et seq.].

(e) Within 30 business days of the initiation of a formal investigation, the Director of Government Ethics shall cause evidence concerning the complaint to be presented to the Board, with the potential for a 15-business-day extension to be granted by the Board. If the Board decides that there is reasonable belief that a violation has occurred, the Board may authorize the issuance of subpoenas.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 213, 59 DCR 1862; July 15, 2014, D.C. Law 20-122, § 2(e), 61 DCR 5688; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 1083(o), 65 DCR 9388.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1162.14.

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-122, in (e), substituted “30 business days” for “15 business days” and added “with the potential for a 15-business-day extension to be granted by the Ethics Board.”

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(o) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(o) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(e) of the Comprehensive Code of Conduct and BEGA Emergency Amendment Act of 2014, (D.C. Act 20-323, Apr. 28, 2014, 61 DCR 4681).


§ 1–1162.14. Hearings.

(a)(1) After determining that there is reason to believe a violation has occurred based upon the presentation of evidence by the Director of Government Ethics pursuant to § 1-1162.12(b) or § 1-1162.13(e), the Board shall conduct an open and adversarial hearing at which the Director of Government Ethics shall present evidence of the violation. A hearing need not be conducted if a matter is dismissed pursuant to § 1-1162.16(a).

(2) If the Director of Government Ethics fails to present a matter, or advises the Board that insufficient evidence exists to present a matter or that an additional period of time is needed to investigate a matter further, the Board may order the Director of Government Ethics to present the matter as provided in paragraph (1) of this subsection.

(b) Any hearing under this section shall be of record and shall be held in accordance with Chapter 5 of Title 2.

(c) Any witness has a right to refuse to answer a question that might tend to incriminate the witness by claiming his or her Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 214, 59 DCR 1862; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 1083(p), 65 DCR 9388.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1162.15.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(p) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(p) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).


§ 1–1162.15. Disposition.

(a) Following the presentation of evidence to the Board by the Director of Government Ethics in an adversary proceeding and an open hearing, the Board may take one or more of the following actions:

(1) Levy a penalty in accordance with § 1-1162.21;

(2) Refer the matter to the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia for enforcement or prosecution;

(3) Refer the matter to the Attorney General of the District of Columbia for enforcement or prosecution; or

(4) Dismiss the action.

(b) The Board may not refer information concerning an alleged violation of the Code of Conduct or of this subchapter to the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia or the Attorney General of the District of Columbia without the presentation of evidence by the Director of Government Ethics as provided in § 1-1162.14(a).


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 215, 59 DCR 1862; July 15, 2014, D.C. Law 20-122, § 2(f), 61 DCR 5688; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 1083(q), 65 DCR 9388.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-122 added “take one or more of the following actions” in (a); and made a minor stylistic change at the end of (a)(3).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(q) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(q) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(f) of the Comprehensive Code of Conduct and BEGA Emergency Amendment Act of 2014, (D.C. Act 20-323, Apr. 28, 2014, 61 DCR 4681).


§ 1–1162.16. Dismissal of meritless claim, complaint, or request for investigation.

(a) The Board may dismiss, at any stage of the proceedings, any claim, complaint, request for investigation, investigation, or portion of an investigation that the Board finds to be without merit.

(b) The Board may require a person who made or caused to be made a claim, complaint, or request for investigation in bad faith and without merit to pay reasonable fees for time spent reviewing or investigating the claim, complaint, or requests for investigation.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 216, 59 DCR 1862; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 1083(r), 65 DCR 9388.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1162.14.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(r) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(r) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).


§ 1–1162.17. Appeals.

Appeals of any order or fine made by the Board in accordance with this subchapter shall be made to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 217, 59 DCR 1862; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 1083(s), 65 DCR 9388.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(s) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(s) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).


§ 1–1162.18. Enforcement of subpoena.

The Superior Court of the District of Columbia may, upon petition by the Board, in case of refusal to obey a subpoena or order of the Board issued under § 1-1162.11(3), issue an order requiring compliance; and any failure to obey the order of the court may be treated by the court as contempt.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 218, 59 DCR 1862; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 1083(t), 65 DCR 9388.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(t) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(t) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).


§ 1–1162.19. Advisory opinions.

(a) Upon application made by an employee or public official subject to the Code of Conduct, the Director of Government Ethics shall, within a reasonable period of time, provide an advisory opinion as to whether a specific transaction or activity inquired of would constitute a violation of a provision of the Code of Conduct over which the Board has primary jurisdiction.

(a-1)(1) The Director of Government Ethics may issue, on his or her own initiative, an advisory opinion on any general question of law he or she considers of sufficient public importance concerning a provision of the Code of Conduct over which the Board has primary jurisdiction.

(2) Before an advisory opinion is issued under this subsection, the Director of Government Ethics shall publish a notice of the proposed advisory opinion in the District of Columbia Register and provide a public-comment period of at least 30 days, during which a person may submit information or comment on the proposed advisory opinion. An advisory opinion that does not meet the procedural requirements of this paragraph shall be void ab initio.

(b) An advisory opinion shall be published in the District of Columbia Register within 30 days of its issuance; provided, that the identity of a person requesting an advisory opinion shall not be disclosed in the District of Columbia Register without the person’s prior consent in writing.

(c)(1) If an advisory opinion is issued by the Director of Government Ethics to a request for an advisory opinion, the requesting employee or public official may appeal the opinion for consideration by the Board.

(2) If the Director of Government Ethics issues an advisory opinion on his or her own initiative, an employee or public official aggrieved by the opinion may appeal the opinion for consideration by the Board.

(d) There shall be no enforcement of a violation of the Code of Conduct taken against an employee or public official who relied in good faith upon an advisory opinion requested by that employee or public official; provided, that the employee or public official, in seeking the advisory opinion, made full and accurate disclosure of all relevant circumstances and information.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 219, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-75, § 2(a), 61 DCR 36; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 1083(u), 65 DCR 9388.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-75 deleted “the Ethics Board or” preceding “the Director of Government Ethics” in (a); added (a-1); and rewrote (c), which formerly read, “If issued by the Director of Government Ethics, an advisory opinion may be appealed for consideration by the Ethics Board.”

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(u) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(u) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(a) of the Board of Ethics and Government Accountability Emergency Amendment Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-24, March 7, 2013, 60 DCR 3984, 20 DCSTAT 483).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(a) of the Board of Ethics and Government Accountability Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-245, December 27, 2013, 61 DCR 135).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(a) of the Board of Ethics and Government Accountability Temporary Amendment Act of 2013 (D.C. Law 20-3, May 18, 2013, 60 DCR 4622, 20 DCSTAT 1266).


§ 1–1162.20. Reports.

(a) The Director of Government Ethics shall produce a quarterly report detailing:

(1) The posture of each complaint it received, including whether an investigation was initiated, is ongoing, or has concluded;

(2) The referrals made to and from the Board;

(3) Fines and penalties imposed by the Board;

(4) Allegations dismissed by the Board; and

(5) Other action taken with regard to an allegation of a violation of the Code of Conduct.

(6) Not Funded.

(b) The quarterly report shall be posted online.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 220, 59 DCR 1862; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 1083(v), 65 DCR 9388; Mar. 13, 2019, D.C. Law 22-250, § 6(c), 66 DCR 985.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-250: § 10 of D.C. Law 22-250 provided that the change made to this section by § 6(c) of D.C. Law 22-250 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(v) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(v) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).


§ 1–1162.21. Penalties.

(a)(1) In accordance with paragraph (2) of this subsection and except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, the Board may assess a civil penalty for a violation of the Code of Conduct of not more than $5,000 per violation, or 3 times the amount of an unlawful contribution, expenditure, gift, honorarium, or receipt of outside income for each violation. Each occurrence of a violation of this subchapter and each day of noncompliance with a requirement of this subchapter or an order of the Board shall constitute a separate offense.

(2) A civil penalty shall be assessed by the Board by order only after the person charged with a violation has been given an opportunity for a hearing, and after the Board has determined, by a decision incorporating its findings of facts, that a violation occurred.

(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2) of this subsection, the Board may issue a schedule of fines for violations of this subchapter, which may be imposed ministerially by the Director of Government Ethics. A civil penalty imposed under the authority of this paragraph may be appealed to the Board in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (2) of this subsection. The aggregate set of penalties imposed against each person under the authority of this paragraph may not exceed $5,000.

(4)(A) In addition to any civil penalty imposed under this subchapter, a violation of the Code of Conduct may result in the following:

(i) Remedial action in accordance with the Merit Personnel Act;

(ii) A public censure imposed by the Board;

(iii) A non-public, informal admonition imposed by the Director of Government Ethics for low-level violations of the Code of Conduct such as:

(I) A one-time, minor misuse of government property;

(II) A non-habitual time and leave issue that does not have a specific harmful impact;

(III) A non-uniform application of a regulation or policy by a supervisor, where it is not a regular occurrence and was not for an unlawful purpose;

(IV) A relatively minor action based, at least in part, on advice or guidance sought in good faith from another, such as a supervisor, and given in good faith, though erroneous; or

(V) A minor, incidental ethics violation for which the person made amends and rectified the situation;

(iv) A finding of a violation and a period of probation after which a respondent may seek expungement of the violation upon successful completion of any probationary terms imposed by the Director of Government Ethics or the Board; or

(v) Any negotiated disposition of a matter offered by the Director of Government Ethics, and accepted by the respondent, subject to approval by the Board.

(B) A non-public, informal admonition imposed under subparagraph (A)(iii) of this paragraph may be appealed to the Board.

(5)(A) If the person against whom a civil penalty is assessed fails to pay the penalty, the Board may file a petition for enforcement of its order assessing the penalty in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia. The petition shall designate the person against whom the order is sought to be enforced as the respondent. A copy of the petition shall be sent by registered or certified mail to the respondent and the respondent’s attorney of record, if any, and the Board shall certify and file with the court the record upon which the order sought to be enforced was issued.

(B) The court shall have jurisdiction to enter a judgment enforcing, modifying, and enforcing as so modified, or setting aside, in whole or in part, the order and the decision of the Board or it may remand the proceedings to the Board for such further action as it may direct. The court may determine de novo all issues of law, but the Board’s findings of fact, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive.

(C) Any failure to obey the order of the court may be treated by the court as contempt.

(b)(1) Any person who commits a violation of the Code of Conduct that substantially threatens the public trust shall be fined not more than $25,000, or shall be imprisoned for not longer than one year, but not both.

(2)(A) Prosecutions of violations of this subsection shall be brought by the Attorney General of the District of Columbia; provided, that if the conduct also violates criminal provisions that could be prosecuted by the United States Attorney of the District of Columbia, the United States Attorney of the District of Columbia consents to the prosecution by the Attorney General of the District of Columbia.

(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, no prosecution for a violation of paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be made until the Board has conducted its study pursuant to § 1-1162.02(b) and the Council has, by law, specified violations of the Code of Conduct that substantially threaten the public trust.

(c) The provisions of this subchapter shall in no manner limit the authority of the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia.

(d) All actions of the Board, the Attorney General of the District of Columbia, or of the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia to enforce the provisions of this subchapter must be initiated within 5 years of the discovery of the alleged violation.

(e) Notwithstanding any other provision in this subchapter, all equitable remedies at law shall be available for violations of the Code of Conduct, which may be in addition to any civil penalty prescribed in this subchapter.

(f) The penalties set forth in this section shall not apply to part E of this subchapter.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 221, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-75, § 2(b), 61 DCR 36; July 15, 2014, D.C. Law 20-122, § 2(g), 61 DCR 5688; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 1083(w), 65 DCR 9388.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1161.01, § 1-1162.10, § 1-1162.15, § 1-1162.22, § 1-1162.32, and § 1-1163.38.

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-75 rewrote (a)(4), which previously read, “In addition to any civil penalty imposed under this subchapter, a violation of the Code of Conduct may result in remedial action in accordance with Chapter 6 of this title.”

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-122 added (a)(5)(C).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(w) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(w) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(b) of the Board of Ethics and Government Accountability Emergency Amendment Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-24, March 7, 2013, 60 DCR 3984, 20 DCSTAT 483).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(b) of the Board of Ethics and Government Accountability Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-245, December 27, 2013, 61 DCR 135, 20 DCSTAT 2639).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(g) of the Comprehensive Code of Conduct and BEGA Emergency Amendment Act of 2014, (D.C. Act 20-323, Apr. 28, 2014, 61 DCR 4681).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(b) of the Board of Ethics and Government Accountability Temporary Amendment Act of 2013 (D.C. Law 20-3, May 18, 2013, 60 DCR 4622, 20 DCSTAT 1266).


§ 1–1162.22. Additional penalties for public officials.

(a) In addition to the penalties set forth in § 1-1162.21, the Board may censure a public official for a violation of the Code of Conduct that the Board finds to substantially threaten the public trust.

(b) The Board may recommend in such censure that the Council suspend or remove a Councilmember’s committee chairmanship, if any, committee membership, if any, or vote in any committee.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 222, 59 DCR 1862; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 1083(x), 65 DCR 9388.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(x) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 1083(x) of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).