Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter III. Campaign Finance.


§ 1–1163.01. Short title.

This subchapter may be cited as the “Campaign Finance Act of 2011”.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 301, 59 DCR 1862.)


Part A. Office of Campaign Finance.

§ 1–1163.02. Office of Director of Campaign Finance established; enforcement of subchapter.

(a) There is established within the Elections Board the Office of Campaign Finance, which shall be headed by the Director of Campaign Finance. The Elections Board shall appoint the Director of Campaign Finance, who shall serve at the pleasure of the Elections Board. The Director of Campaign Finance shall be entitled to receive compensation at the maximum rate for Grade 16 of the District Schedule, pursuant to subchapter XI of Chapter 6 of this title [§ 1-611.01 et seq.]. The Director of Campaign Finance shall be responsible for the administrative operations of the Elections Board pertaining to this subchapter and shall perform other duties as may be delegated or assigned by regulation or by order of the Elections Board; provided, that the Elections Board shall not delegate to the Director of Campaign Finance the making of regulations regarding elections.

(b)(1) The Elections Board may issue, amend, and rescind rules and regulations related to the operation of the Director of Campaign Finance, absent recommendation of the Director of Campaign Finance.

(2) The Elections Board shall prepare an annual report of the Director of Campaign Finance’s performance pursuant to his or her functions as prescribed § 1-1163.04, in addition to those duties the Elections Board may by law assign.

(c) Where the Elections Board, following the presentation by the Director of Campaign Finance of evidence constituting an apparent violation of this subchapter, makes a finding of an apparent violation of this subchapter, it shall refer the case for prosecution as provided for in § 1-1163.35, and shall make public the fact of such referral and the basis for the finding. In addition, the Elections Board, through its General Counsel, shall initiate, maintain, defend, or appeal any civil action (in the name of the Elections Board) relating to the enforcement of the provisions of this subchapter. The Elections Board may, through its General Counsel, petition the courts of the District of Columbia for declaratory or injunctive relief concerning any action covered by the provisions of this subchapter. The Director of Campaign Finance shall have no authority concerning the enforcement of provisions of subchapter I of Chapter 10 of this title [§ 1-1001.01 et seq.], and recommendations of criminal or civil, or both, violations under [subchapter I of Chapter 10 of this Title [§1-1001.01 et seq.]. shall be presented by the General Counsel to the Elections Board in accordance with the rules and regulations of general application adopted by the Elections Board in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 5 of Title 2. Upon the direction of the Elections Board, the Director of Campaign Finance may be called upon to investigate allegations of violations of the elections laws in accord with the provisions of this subsection.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 302, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(d), 61 DCR 153.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-604.06, § 1-1161.01, and § 1-1163.03.

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 substituted “for prosecution as provided for in § 1-1163.35” for “to the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia for prosecution” in (c).

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


§ 1–1163.03. Powers of Director of Campaign Finance.

(a)(1) The Director of Campaign Finance, under regulations of general applicability approved by the Elections Board, shall have the power:

(A) To require any person to submit in writing reports and answers to questions as the Director of Campaign Finance may prescribe relating to the administration and enforcement of this subchapter; and the submission shall be made within such reasonable period and under oath or otherwise as the Director of Campaign Finance may determine;

(B) To require any person to submit through an electronic format or medium the reports required in this subchapter;

(C) To administer oaths;

(D) To require by subpoena the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of all documentary evidence relating to the execution of its duties;

(E) In any proceeding or investigation to order testimony to be taken by deposition before any person who is designated by the Director of Campaign Finance and has the power to administer oaths and, in these instances, to compel testimony and the production of evidence in the same manner as authorized under subparagraph (D) of this paragraph;

(F) To pay witnesses the same fees and mileage as are paid in like circumstances in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia;

(G) To accept gifts; and

(H) To institute or conduct, on his or her own motion, an informal hearing on alleged violations of the reporting requirements contained in this subchapter. Where the Director of Campaign Finance, in his or her discretion, determines that a violation has occurred, the Director of Campaign Finance may issue an order to the offending party or parties to cease and desist the violations within the 5-day period immediately following the issuance of the order. Should the offending party or parties fail to comply with the order, the Director of Campaign Finance shall present evidence of the failure to the Elections Board. Following the presentation of evidence to the Elections Board by the Director of Campaign Finance, in an adversary proceeding and an open hearing, the Elections Board may refer the matter for prosecution in accordance with the provisions in § 1-1163.02(c) or may dismiss the action.

(2) Subpoenas issued under this section shall be issued by the Director of Campaign Finance upon the approval of the Elections Board.

(b) The Superior Court of the District of Columbia may, upon petition by the Elections Board, in case of refusal to obey a subpoena or order of the Elections Board issued under subsection (a) of this section, issue an order requiring compliance; and any failure to obey the order of the court may be punished by the court as contempt.

(c) All investigations of alleged violations of this subchapter shall be made by the Director of Campaign Finance in his or her discretion, in accordance with procedures of general applicability issued by the Director of Campaign Finance in accordance with Chapter 5 of Title 2. All allegations of violations of this subchapter, which shall be presented to the Elections Board, in writing, shall be transmitted to the Director of Campaign Finance without action by the Elections Board. In a reasonable time, the Director of Campaign Finance shall cause evidence concerning the alleged violation to be presented to the Elections Board, if he or she believes that sufficient evidence exists constituting an apparent violation. Following the presentation of evidence to the Elections Board by the Director of Campaign Finance, in an adversary proceeding and an open hearing, the Elections Board may refer the matter for prosecution in accordance with the provisions of § 1-1163.02(c), or may dismiss the action. In no case may the Elections Board refer information concerning an alleged violation of this subchapter for prosecution without the presentation of evidence herein provided by the Director of Campaign Finance. Should the Director of Campaign Finance fail to present a matter or advise the Elections Board that insufficient evidence exists to present a matter, or that an additional period of time is needed to investigate the matter further, within 90 days of its receipt by the Elections Board or the Director of Campaign Finance, the Elections Board may order the Director of Campaign Finance to present the matter as herein provided.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 303, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(e), 61 DCR 153.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79, rewrote (a)(1)(B); substituted “for prosecution” for “to the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia” in (a)(1)(H); and rewrote (c).

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


§ 1–1163.04. Duties of Director of Campaign Finance.

The Director of Campaign Finance shall:

(1) Develop and furnish prescribed forms, materials, and electronic formats or mediums, including electronic or digital signatures, for the making of the reports and statements required to be filed with him or her pursuant to this subchapter;

(1A) Require that all reports filed with the Elections Board pursuant to this subchapter be submitted online, provided that reasonable accommodations shall be made where an actual hardship in complying with this paragraph is demonstrated to the Elections Board. The Elections Board shall issue regulations governing the online submission of reports, pursuant to this paragraph;

(1B) Publish all information submitted by recipients and agencies pursuant to sections of this subchapter online in a publicly accessible, widely accepted, nonproprietary, searchable, platform-independent, sortable, computer-readable format within 24 hours of filing. The database of electronic filings and other data within the portal shall be available via bulk download from the portal website;

(2) Develop a filing, coding, and cross-indexing system consonant with the purposes of this subchapter;

(3) Make the reports and statements filed with him or her available for public inspection and copying, commencing as soon as practicable, but not later than the end of the 2nd day following the day during which it was received, and to permit and facilitate copying of any report or statement by hand and by duplicating machine, as requested by any person, at reasonable cost to the person, except any information copied from the reports and statements shall not be sold or utilized by any person for the purpose of soliciting contributions or for any commercial purpose;

(4) Preserve reports and statements for a period of 10 years from date of receipt;

(5) Compile and maintain a current list of all statements or parts of statements on file pertaining to each candidate;

(6) Prepare and publish other reports as he or she may consider appropriate;

(7) Ensure dissemination of statistics, summaries, and reports prepared under this subchapter, including a biennial report summarizing the receipts and expenditures of candidates in the prior 2-year period and the receipts and expenditures of political committees, political action committees, and independent expenditures during the prior 2-year period. The Director of Campaign Finance shall make available to the Mayor, Council, and general public the first biennial report by January 31, 2013, and shall present the summary report on the same date every 2 years thereafter. The report shall describe the receipts and expenditures of candidates for Mayor, Attorney General, Chairman and members of the Council, President and members of the State Board of Education, shadow Senator, and shadow Representative, but shall exclude candidates for Advisory Neighborhood Commissioner. The report shall provide, at a minimum, the following information, as well as other information that the Director of Campaign Finance considers appropriate:

(A) A summary of each candidate’s receipts, in dollar amount and percentage terms, by donor categories that the Director of Campaign Finance considers appropriate, such as the candidate himself or herself, individuals, political party committees, other political committees, corporations, partnerships, and labor organizations;

(B) A summary of each candidate’s receipts, in dollar amount and percentage terms, by the size of the donation, including donations of $500 or more; donations of $250 or more but less than $500; donations of $100 or more but less than $250; and donations of less than $100;

(C) The total amount of a candidate’s receipts and expenditures for primary and general elections, respectively, when applicable;

(D) A summary of each candidate’s expenditures, in dollar amount and percentage terms, by operating expenditures, transfers to other authorized committees, loan repayments, and refunds of contributions; and

(E) A summary of the receipts and expenditures of political committees and political action committees using categories considered appropriate by the Director of Campaign Finance;

(7A) Require a candidate for public office and the treasurer of any political committee, political action committee, or independent expenditure committee to attend a training program conducted by the Director of Campaign Finance concerning compliance with this subchapter. Such training shall:

(A) Be conducted in person, although online materials may be used to supplement the training;

(B) Be completed in accordance with a schedule to be published by the Director of Campaign Finance, or by individual request as the Director of Campaign Finance deems appropriate; and

(C) Upon completion, result in the completion of an oath or affirmation to follow the District's campaign finance laws, to be developed by the Director of Campaign Finance. The names of the participants shall be posted on the website of the Office of Campaign Finance;

(8) Make audits and field investigations with respect to reports and statements filed under this subchapter, and with respect to alleged failures to file any report or statement required under the provisions of this subchapter; and

(8A) Not Funded.

(9) Perform such other duties as the Elections Board may require.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 304, 59 DCR 1862; Dec. 13, 2013, D.C. Law 20-60, § 302(b), 60 DCR 15487; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(f), 61 DCR 153; May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b)(1), 65 DCR 2847.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1163.02.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 20-60, in the introductory paragraph of (7), substituted “the Council, Mayor, Attorney General” for “the Mayor, Council” and substituted “candidates for the Chairman and members of the Council, Mayor, and Attorney General” for “candidates for Mayor, the Chairman and members of the Council.”

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 added (1A), (1B) and (7A); and rewrote (7).

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the change made to this section by § 2(b)(1) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(b) of the Election Code Conforming Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-143, July 31, 2013, 60 DCR 11799, 20 DCSTAT 1990).

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-60: Section 401(b) of 20-60 provided that § 302 of the act shall apply as of December 13, 2013.


§ 1–1163.05. District of Columbia Board of Elections created.

On or after April 27, 2012, the District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics established under subchapter I of Chapter 10 of this title 1 [§ 1-1001.01 et seq.]. shall be known as the District of Columbia Board of Elections and shall have the powers, duties, and functions as provided in that subchapter, in any other law in effect on the date immediately preceding April 27, 2012, and in this subchapter. Any reference in any law or regulation to the District of Columbia Board of Elections and Ethics shall, on and after April 27, 2012, be deemed to refer to the District of Columbia Board of Elections.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 305, 59 DCR 1862.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1161.01.


§ 1–1163.06. Advisory opinions.

(a) Upon application made by any individual holding public office, any candidate, any person required to submit filings to the Elections Board under this subchapter, any person who reasonably anticipates being required to submit filings to the Elections Board under this subchapter in connection with a pending election or any subsequent election, or any political committee, political action committee, or other person under the jurisdiction of the Elections Board, the Elections Board shall provide within a reasonable period of time an advisory opinion, with respect to any specific transaction or activity inquired of, as to whether such transaction or activity would constitute a violation of any provision of this subchapter or of any provision of subchapter I of Chapter 10 of this title [§ 1-1001.01 et seq.] over which the Elections Board has primary jurisdiction. The Elections Board shall publish a concise statement of each request for an advisory opinion, without identifying the person seeking the opinion, in the District of Columbia Register within 20 days of its receipt by the Elections Board. Comments upon the requested opinions shall be received by the Elections Board for a period of at least 15 days following publication in the District of Columbia Register. The Elections Board may waive the advance notice and public comment provisions, following a finding that the issuance of the advisory opinion constitutes an emergency necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, safety, welfare, or morals.

(b) Advisory opinions shall be published in the District of Columbia Register within 30 days of their issuance; provided, that the identity of any person requesting an advisory opinion shall not be disclosed in the District of Columbia Register without his or her prior consent in writing. When issued according to rules of the Elections Board, an advisory opinion shall be deemed to be an order of the Elections Board.

(c) There shall be a rebuttable presumption that a transaction or activity undertaken by a person in reliance on an advisory opinion from the Elections Board is lawful if:

(1) The person requested the advisory opinion;

(2) The facts on which the opinion is based are full and accurate, to the best knowledge of the person; and

(3) The person, in good faith, substantially complies with any recommendations in the opinion.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 306, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(g), 61 DCR 153.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 rewrote the first sentence in (a); and added (c).

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


Part B. Campaign Finance Committees.

§ 1–1163.07. Organization of committees.

Political committees, political action committees, and independent expenditure committees shall be subject to the following requirements:

(1) Each committee shall file with the Director of Campaign Finance a statement of organization within 10 days after its organization. The statement of organization shall include:

(A) The name and address of the committee;

(B) The name, address, and position of the custodian of books and accounts;

(C) The name, address, and position of other principal officers, including officers and members of the finance committee, if any;

(C-i) The name, address, and position of all directors and officers;

(D) The name and address of the bank or banks designated by the committee as the committee’s depository or depositories, together with the subchapter and number of each account and safety deposit box used by that committee at the depository or depositories, and the identification of each individual authorized to make withdrawals or payments out of each account or box; and

(E) Other information as shall be required by the Director of Campaign Finance.

(2) Any change in information previously submitted in a statement of organization shall be reported to the Director of Campaign Finance within the 10-day period following the change.

(3) Any committee which, after having filed one or more statements of organization, disbands or determines it will no longer receive contributions or make expenditures during the calendar year shall so notify the Director of Campaign Finance.

(4) Every committee shall have a chairman and a treasurer. No contribution and no expenditure shall be accepted or made by or on behalf of a committee at a time when there is a vacancy in the office of treasurer for the committee and no other person has been designated and has agreed to perform the functions of treasurer. No expenditure shall be made for or on behalf of a committee without the authorization of its chairman or treasurer, or their designated agents.

(5)(A) For every contribution and expenditure of $50 or more for or on behalf of a committee, a detailed account shall be submitted to the treasurer of a committee on demand, or within 5 days after receipt of the contribution or expenditure, of the amount, the name and address (including the occupation and the principal place of business, if any) of the contributor or the individual to whom the expenditure was made, and the date of the contribution or expenditure. For an expenditure, the account should also include the office sought by the candidate on whose behalf the expenditure was made.

(B) The treasurer or candidate shall obtain and preserve receipted bills and records as may be required by the Elections Board.

(6) All funds of a committee shall be segregated from, and may not be commingled with, any personal funds of officers, members, or associates of the committee.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 307, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(h), 61 DCR 153.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1001.16, § 1-1001.17, § 1-1163.08, § 1-1163.10, and § 1-1163.11.

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 substituted “Political committees, political action committees, and independent expenditure committees” for “Political, exploratory, transition, and inaugural committees, which are established pursuant to this part” in the introductory language; added (1)(C-i); substituted “No contribution or expenditure may” for “No contribution and no expenditure shall” in (4); and, in (5)(A), substituted “contribution or expenditure” for “contribution and expenditure” and “accepted or made” for “for or”.

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


§ 1–1163.08. Designation of campaign depositories; petty cash fund.

(a) Each committee and each candidate accepting contributions or making expenditures, shall designate in the registration statement required under § 1-1163.07 or § 1-1163.12, one or more national banks located in the District of Columbia as the depository or depositories of that committee or candidate. Each committee or candidate shall maintain a checking account or accounts at such depository or depositories and shall deposit any contributions received by the committee or candidate into that account or accounts. No expenditures may be made by a committee or candidate except by check drawn payable to the person to whom the expenditure is being made on that account or accounts, other than petty cash expenditures as provided in subsection (b) of this section.

(b) A committee or candidate may maintain a petty cash fund out of which may be made expenditures not in excess of $50 to any person in connection with a single purchase or transaction. A record of petty cash receipts and disbursements shall be kept in accordance with requirements established by the Elections Board, and statements and reports of expenditures shall be furnished to the Director of Campaign Finance as it may require.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 308, 59 DCR 1862.)


§ 1–1163.09. Reporting.

(a) The following individuals shall file with the Director of Campaign Finance, and with the principal campaign committee, if applicable, reports of receipts and expenditures on forms to be prescribed or approved by the Director of Campaign Finance:

(1) The treasurer of each political committee;

(2) The treasurer of each political action committee; and

(3) The treasurer of each independent expenditure committee.

(b) The reports required by subsection (a) of this section shall be filed on the 10th day of March, June, August, October, and December in the 7 months preceding the date on which, and in each year during which, an election is held for the office sought, and 8 days before a special or general election, and also by the 31st day of January of each year. In addition, the reports shall be filed on the 31st day of July of each year in which there is no election. The reports shall be complete as of the date prescribed by the Director of Campaign Finance, which shall not be more than 5 days before the date of filing, except that any contribution of $200 or more received after the closing date prescribed by the Director of Campaign Finance for the last report required to be filed before the election shall be reported within 24 hours after its receipt.

(b-1) Not Funded.

(c) Each report under this section shall disclose:

(1) The amount of cash on hand at the beginning of the reporting period;

(2) The full name and mailing address, including the occupation and the principal place of business, if any, of each person who has made one or more contributions to or for a committee or candidate, including the purchase of tickets for events such as dinners, luncheons, rallies, and similar fundraising events, within the calendar year in an aggregate amount or value in excess of $50 or more, together with the amount and date of the contributions;

(2A) For each contribution by a business contributor, any information provided by that business contributor in accordance with § 1-1163.13(b);

(3) The total sum of individual contributions made to or for a committee or candidate during the reporting period and not reported under paragraph (2) of this subsection;

(4) Each loan to or from any person within the calendar year in an aggregate amount or values of $50 or more, together with the full names and mailing addresses (including the occupation and the principal place of business, if any) of the lender and endorsers, if any, and the date and amount of the loans; and

(5) The net amount of proceeds from:

(A) The sale of tickets to each dinner, luncheon, rally, and other fundraising events organized by a committee;

(B) Mass collections made at the events; and

(C) Sales by a committee of items such as political campaign pins, buttons, badges, flags, emblems, hats, banners, literature, and similar materials;

(6) Each contribution, rebate, refund, or other receipt of $50 or more not otherwise listed under paragraphs (2) through (5) of this subsection;

(7) The total sum of all receipts by or for a committee or candidate during the reporting period;

(8) The full name and mailing address (including the occupation and the principal place of business, if any) of each person to whom expenditures have been made by a committee or on behalf of a committee or candidate within the calendar year in an aggregate amount or value of $10 or more, the amount, date, and purpose of each expenditure, and the name and address of, and office sought by, each candidate on whose behalf the expenditure was made;

(9) The total sum of expenditures made by a committee or candidate during the calendar year;

(10) The amount and nature of debts and obligations owed by or to the committee, in a form as the Director of Campaign Finance may prescribe, and a continuous reporting of its debts and obligations after the election when the Director of Campaign Finance may require until the debts and obligations are extinguished; and

(11) Other information as may be required by the Director of Campaign Finance.

(d) The reports to be filed under subsection (a) of this section shall be cumulative during the calendar year to which they relate, but where there has been no change in an item reported in a previous report during the year, only the unchanged amount need be carried forward. If no contributions or expenditures have been accepted or expended during a calendar year, the treasurer of the committee or candidate shall file a statement to that effect.

(e)(1) A report or statement required by this part shall be verified by the oath or affirmation of the person filing the report or statement.

(2) The oath or affirmation required under this subsection shall be given under penalty of perjury and shall state that the filer has used all reasonable diligence in the preparation of the report or statement and the report or statement is true and complete to the best of the filer's knowledge.

(3) An oath or affirmation by a candidate shall also state that the candidate has used all reasonable diligence to ensure that:

(A) The candidate and the candidate's political committees are in compliance with this part; and

(B) The candidate's political committees have advised their contributors of the obligations imposed on those contributors by this subchapter.

(4) The Elections Board shall, by published regulations of general applicability, prescribe the manner in which contributions and expenditures in the nature of debts and other contracts, agreements, and promises to make contributions or expenditures shall be reported. The regulations shall provide that they be reported in separate schedules. In determining aggregate amounts of contributions and expenditures, amounts reported as provided in the regulations shall not be considered until actual payment is made.

(f) Each political committee (including principal campaign, inaugural, transition, and exploratory committees) shall, in a separate schedule of its report to be filed under subsection (a) of this section, disclose the:

(1) Name, address, and employer of each person reasonably known by the committee to have bundled in excess of $10,000 during the reporting period; and

(2) For each person, the total of the bundling.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 309, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(i), 61 DCR 153; Aug. 19, 2017, D.C. Law 22-13, § 3, 64 DCR 6245; May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b)(2), 65 DCR 2847.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1001.16, § 1-1001.17, § 1-1163.13, and § 1-1163.17.

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 rewrote (a), (b) and (e); added (c)(2A); and added (f).

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the change made to this section by § 2(b)(2) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(a) of Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Emergency Amendment Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-166, Oct. 24, 2017, 64 DCR 10800).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3 of Primary Date Alteration Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-106, July 25, 2017, 64 DCR 7388).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3 of Primary Date Alteration Emergency Amendment Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-75, June 5, 2017, 64 DCR 6080).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(a) of Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-34, Mar. 28, 2017, 64 DCR 3101).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(a) of Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Temporary Amendment Act of 2017 (D.C. Law 22-42, Jan. 17, 2018, 64 DCR 12308).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(a)(2) of Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Temporary Amendment Act of 2016 (D.C. Law 21-235, Apr. 1, 2017, 64 DCR 885).

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


§ 1–1163.10. Principal campaign committee.

(a) Each candidate for office shall designate in writing one political committee as his or her principal campaign committee. The principal campaign committee shall receive all reports made by any other political committee accepting contributions or making expenditures for the purpose of influencing the nomination for election, or election, of the candidate who designated it as his or her principal campaign committee. The principal campaign committee may require additional reports to be made to it by any political committee and may designate the time and number of all reports. No political committee may be designated as the principal campaign committee of more than one candidate, except a principal campaign committee supporting the nomination or election of a candidate as an official of a political party may support the nomination or election of more than one candidate, but may not support the nomination or election of a candidate for any public office.

(b) Each statement (including the statement of organization required under § 1-1163.07) or report that a political committee is required to file with or furnish to the Director of Campaign Finance under the provisions of this part shall also be furnished, if that political committee is not a principal campaign committee, to the principal campaign committee for the candidate on whose behalf that political committee is accepting or making, or intends to accept or make, contributions or expenditures.

(c) The treasurer of each political committee which is a principal campaign committee, and each candidate, shall receive all reports and statements filed with or furnished to it or him or her by other political committees, consolidate, and furnish the reports and statements to the Director of Campaign Finance, together with the reports and statements of the principal campaign committee of which he or she is treasurer or which was designated by him or her, in accordance with the provisions of this part and regulations prescribed by the Elections Board.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 310, 59 DCR 1862.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2(a) of Board of Ethics and Government Accountability Establishment and Comprehensive Ethics Reform Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2012 (D.C. Act 19-371, May 16, 2012, 59 DCR 5711).

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 1072(c) of Fiscal Year 2013 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2012 (D.C. Act 19-383, June 19, 2012, 59 DCR 7764).

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 1072(c) of Fiscal Year 2013 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2012 (D.C. Act 19-413, July 25, 2012, 59 DCR 9290).


§ 1–1163.10a. Fund balance requirements of principal campaign committees.

Within the limitations specified in this chapter, any surplus, residual, or unexpended campaign funds received by or on behalf of an individual who seeks nomination for election, or election to office, shall be:

(1) Contributed to a political party for political purposes;

(2) Used to retire the proper debts of his or her political committee that received the funds;

(3) Transferred to a political committee, a charitable organization in accordance with § 47-1803.03(a)(8), or, in the case of an elected official, an established constituent services fund; or

(4) Returned to the donors as follows:

(A) In the case of an individual defeated in an election, within 6 months following the election;

(B) In the case of an individual elected to office, within 6 months following the election; and

(C) In the case of an individual ceasing to be a candidate, within 6 months thereafter.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 310a; as added Sept. 20, 2012, D.C. Law 19-168, § 1072(c), 59 DCR 8025; May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b)(3), 65 DCR 2847.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2012 amendment by D.C. Law 19-168 added this section.

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the change made to this section by § 2(b)(3) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary addition of section, see § 1072(c) of the Fiscal Year 2013 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2012 (D.C. Act 19-383, June 19, 2012, 59 DCR 7764).

For temporary addition of section, see § 1072(c) of the Fiscal Year 2013 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2012 (D.C. Act 19-413, July 25, 2012, 59 DCR 9290).


§ 1–1163.11. Specific requirements for statements of organization filed by political committees.

In addition to the statement of organization set forth in § 1-1163.07, each political committee, political action committee, and independent expenditure committee shall also file the following information with the Director of Campaign Finance within 10 days after the political committee's organization:

(1) The names, addresses, and relationships of affiliated or connected organizations;

(2) The area, scope, or jurisdiction of the political committee;

(3) The name, address, office sought, and party affiliation of:

(A) Each candidate whom the committee is supporting; and

(B) Any other individual, if any, whom the committee is supporting for nomination for election or election, to any public office whatever; or, if the committee is supporting the entire ticket of any party, the name of the party; or, if the committee is supporting or opposing any initiative or referendum, the summary statement and short title of the initiative or referendum, prepared in accordance with § 1-1001.16; or, if the committee is supporting or opposing any recall measure, the name and office of the public official whose recall is sought or opposed in accordance with § 1-1001.17;

(4) A statement whether the political committee is a continuing one; and

(5) The disposition of residual funds which will be made in the event of dissolution.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 311, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(j), 61 DCR 153.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 added “political action committee, and independent expenditure committee” in the introductory language; and deleted “political” preceding “committee” in (2) and (4).

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


§ 1–1163.12. Registration statement of candidate; depository information.

(a) Each individual shall, within 5 days of becoming a candidate, or within 5 days of the day on which he or she, or any person authorized by him or her to do so, has received a contribution or made an expenditure in connection with his or her campaign or for the purposes of preparing to undertake his or her campaign, file with the Director of Campaign Finance a registration statement in a form prescribed by the Director of Campaign Finance.

(b) In addition, candidates shall provide the Director of Campaign Finance the name and address of the campaign depository or depositories designated by that candidate, together with the title and number of each account and safety deposit box used by that candidate at the depository or depositories, and the identification of each individual authorized to make withdrawals or payments out of the account or box, and other information as shall be required by the Director of Campaign Finance.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 312, 59 DCR 1862; May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b)(4), 65 DCR 2847.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1163.08 and § 1-1163.14.

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the change made to this section by § 2(b)(4) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.13. Additional identifications and certifications.

(a)(1) Every political action committee and every independent expenditure committee shall certify, in each report filed with the Director of Campaign Finance, that the contributions it has received and the expenditures it has made have not been controlled or directed by any public official or candidate, by any political committee, or by any political party.

(2) Every independent expenditure committee shall further certify, in each report filed with the Director of Campaign Finance, that it has made no contributions or transfer of funds to any public official or candidate, any political committee, or any political action committee.

(b)(1) A business contributor to a political committee, political action committee, or independent expenditure committee shall provide the committee with the identities of the contributor's affiliated entities that have also contributed to the committee.

(2) A business contributor shall comply with all requests from the Office of Campaign Finance to provide information about its individual owners, the identity of affiliated entities, the individual owners of affiliated entities, the contributions or expenditures made by such entities, and any other information the deemed relevant to enforcing the provisions of this chapter.

(3) Any person other than a political committee, political action committee, or independent expenditure committee that makes one or more independent expenditures in an aggregate amount of $50 or more within a calendar year, other than by contribution to a committee or candidate, shall, in a report filed with the Director of Campaign Finance, identify the name and address of the person, identify the person's affiliated entities that have also made an independent expenditure, the amount and object of the expenditures, and the names of any candidates, initiatives, referenda, or recalls in support of or opposition to which the expenditures are directed. The report shall be filed on the dates which reports by committees are filed, unless the value of the independent expenditure totals $1000 or more in a 2-week period, in which case the report shall be filed within 14 days of the independent expenditure.

(c) Statements required by this section shall be filed on the dates on which reports by committees are filed, but the content of the filings need not be cumulative.

(d) Every person who files statements with the Director of Campaign Finance has a continuing obligation to provide the Director with correct and up-to-date information.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 313, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(k), 61 DCR 153.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 rewrote this section.

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


§ 1–1163.14. Exemption for total expenses under $500.

Except for the provisions of § 1-1163.12(a), the provisions of this part shall not apply to any candidate who anticipates spending or spends less than $500 in any one election and who has not designated a principal campaign committee. On the 15th day before the date of the election in which the candidate is entered, and on the 30th day after the date of the election, the candidate shall certify to the Director of Campaign Finance that he or she has not spent more than $500 in the election.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 314, 59 DCR 1862.)


§ 1–1163.15. Identification of campaign literature.

(a) All newspaper or magazine advertising, posters, circulars, billboards, handbills, bumper stickers, sample ballots, initiative, referendum, or recall petitions, and other printed matter with reference to or intended for the support or defeat of a candidate or group of candidates for nomination or election to any public office, or for the support or defeat of any initiative, referendum, or recall measure, shall be identified by the words “paid for by” followed by the name and address of the payer or the committee or other person and its treasurer on whose behalf the material appears.

(b) Each committee and candidate shall include on the face or front page of all literature and advertisement soliciting funds the following notice:

“A copy of our report is filed with the Director of Campaign Finance of the District of Columbia Board of Elections.”.

(c) Any advertisement supporting or opposing a candidate, initiative, referendum, or recall that is disseminated to the public by a political committee, political action committee, or independent expenditure committee or any other person shall disclose, in the advertisement, the identity of the advertisement's sponsor.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 315, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(l), 61 DCR 153.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 added (c).

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


§ 1–1163.16. Candidate’s liability for financial obligation incurred by a committee.

No provision of this part shall be construed as creating liability on the part of any candidate for any financial obligation incurred by a committee. For the purposes of this part, and subchapter I of Chapter 10 of this title [§ 1-1001.01 et seq.], actions of an agent acting for a candidate shall be imputed to the candidate; provided, that the actions of the agent may not be imputed to the candidate in the presence of a provision of law requiring a willful and knowing violation of this part or subchapter I of Chapter 10 of this title [§ 1-1001.01 et seq.], unless the agency relationship to engage in the act is shown by clear and convincing evidence.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 316, 59 DCR 1862.)


§ 1–1163.17. Specific requirements for reports of receipts and expenditures by political committees.

(a) Each report submitted to the Director of Campaign Finance pursuant to the requirements set forth in § 1-1163.09 shall also disclose the name and address of each political committee or candidate from which the reporting committee or the candidate received, or to which that committee or candidate made, any transfer of funds, together with the amounts and dates of all transfers.

(b) In the case of reports filed by a political committee on behalf of initiative, referendum, or recall measures under this section, the reports shall be filed on the dates as the Elections Board may by rule prescribe, but in no event shall more than 4 separate reports be required during the consideration of a particular initiative, referendum, or recall measure by any political committee or committees collecting signatures, or supporting or opposing the measures.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 317, 59 DCR 1862.)


§ 1–1163.18. Fund balance requirements of exploratory committees.

(a) Any balance in the exploratory committee fund shall be transferred only to an established principal campaign committee, political committee, or charitable organization in accordance with § 47-1803.03(a)(8).

(b) Exploratory committee fund balances shall not be deemed the personal funds of any individual, including the individual seeking elective office.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 318, 59 DCR 1862.)


§ 1–1163.19. Aggregate and individual contribution limits of exploratory committees.

(a) Exploratory committees shall not receive aggregate contributions in excess of:

(1) $200,000 for a Mayoral exploratory committee;

(1A) $150,000 for an Attorney General exploratory committee;

(2) $150,000 for a Chairman of the Council exploratory committee;

(3) $100,000 for an at-large member of the Council exploratory committee;

(4) $50,000 for a Ward Councilmember or President of the State Board of Education exploratory committee; and

(5) $20,000 for a member of the State Board of Education exploratory committee.

(b) No person, including a business contributor, may make contributions in excess of:

(1) $2,000 for a Mayoral exploratory committee;

(1A) $1,500 for an Attorney General exploratory committee;

(2) $1,500 for a Chairman of the Council exploratory committee;

(3) $1,000 for an at-large member of the Council exploratory committee;

(4) $500 for a Ward Councilmember or President of the State Board of Education exploratory committee; and

(5) $200 for a member of the State Board of Education exploratory committee.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 319, 59 DCR 1862; Dec. 13, 2013, D.C. Law 20-60, § 302(c), 60 DCR 15487; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(m), 61 DCR 153.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 20-60 added (a)(1A) and (b)(1A).

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 substituted “No person, including a business contributor, may make contributions” for “Exploratory committees shall not receive individual contributions” in (b).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(c) of the Election Code Conforming Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-143, July 31, 2013, 60 DCR 11799, 20 DCSTAT 1990).

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-60: Section 401(b) of 20-60 provided that § 302 of the act shall apply as of December 13, 2013.


§ 1–1163.20. Contributions to exploratory committees.

When an individual decides to run for office and becomes a candidate, contributions received during the exploratory period shall apply to the campaign contribution limits for the candidate as provided under § 1-1163.33.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 320, 59 DCR 1862.)


§ 1–1163.21. Duration of an exploratory committee.

The duration of an exploratory committee shall not exceed 18 months for any one office. Once a candidate’s exploratory committee reaches the maximum duration of 18 months, the candidate shall file a declaration of candidacy and form a principal political campaign committee or terminate the exploratory committee.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 321, 59 DCR 1862.)


§ 1–1163.22. Contributions to inaugural committees.

No person, including a business contributor, may make any contribution to or for an inaugural committee, and the Mayor or Mayor-elect shall not receive any contribution to or for an inaugural committee from any person, that when aggregated with all other contributions to or for the inaugural committee received from such person, exceeds $10,000 in an aggregate amount; provided, that the $10,000 limitation shall not apply to contributions made by the Mayor or Mayor-elect for the purpose of funding his or her own inaugural committee within the District.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 322, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(n), 61 DCR 153.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 rewrote this section.

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


§ 1–1163.23. Fund balance requirements for inaugural committees.

Any balance in the inaugural committee fund shall be transferred only to a nonprofit organization, within the meaning of section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code , operating in good standing in the District of Columbia for a minimum of one calendar year before the date of any transfer, or to a constituent-service program pursuant to § 1-1163.38.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 323, 59 DCR 1862.)


§ 1–1163.24. Duration of an inaugural committee.

An inaugural committee shall terminate no later than 45 days from the beginning of the term of the new Mayor or Chairman, except that the inaugural committee may continue to accept contributions necessary to retire the debts of the committee.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 324, 59 DCR 1862.)


§ 1–1163.25. Fund balance requirements for transition committees.

Any balance in the transition committee fund shall be transferred only to a nonprofit organization within the meaning of section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code , operating in good standing in the District for a minimum of one calendar year before the date of any transfer, or to a constituent-service program pursuant to § 1-1163.38.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 325, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(o), 61 DCR 153.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 deleted “of Columbia” following “District”.

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


§ 1–1163.26. Contributions to transition committees.

(a) No person, including a business contributor, may make any contribution to or for a transition committee, and the Mayor or Mayor-elect may not receive any contribution to or for a transition committee from any person, that when aggregated with all other contributions to or for the transition committee received from the person, exceed $2,000 in an aggregate amount; provided, that the $2,000 limitation shall not apply to contributions made by the Mayor or Mayor-elect for the purpose of funding his or her own transition committee within the District.

(b) No person, including a business contributor, may make any contribution to a transition committee, and the Chairman of the Council or Chairman-elect may not receive any contribution to a transition committee from any person, that when aggregated with all other contributions to the transition committee received from the person, exceeds $1,000 in an aggregate amount; provided, that the $1,000 limitation shall not apply to contributions made by the Chairman of the Council or Chairman-elect for the purpose of funding his or her own transition committee within the District.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 326, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(p), 61 DCR 153.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 rewrote this section.

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


§ 1–1163.27. Duration of a transition committee; restriction on formation.

(a) A transition committee shall terminate no later than 45 days from the beginning of the term of the new Mayor or Chairman, except that the transition committee may continue to accept contributions necessary to retire the debts of the committee.

(b) Notwithstanding this part, no transition committee may be organized if an appropriation pursuant to § 1-204.46 has been approved.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 327, 59 DCR 1862.)


Part C. Legal Defense Funds.

§ 1–1163.28. Legal defense committees — organization.

(a)(1) One legal defense committee and one legal defense checking account shall be established and maintained for the purpose of soliciting, accepting, and spending legal defense funds, which funds may be spent to defray attorney’s fees and other related costs for a public official’s legal defense to one or more civil, criminal, or administrative proceedings. No committee, fund, entity, or trust may be established to defray professional fees and costs except pursuant to this section.

(2) Attorney’s fees and other related legal costs shall not include, for example, expenses for fundraising, media or political consulting fees, mass mailing or other advertising, or a payment or reimbursement for a fine, penalty, judgment or settlement, or a payment to return or disgorge contributions made to any other committee controlled by the candidate or officer.

(b) Each legal defense committee shall file with the Director of Campaign Finance a statement of organization within 10 days after its organization, which shall include:

(1) The name and address of the legal defense committee;

(2) The name, address, and position of the custodian of books and accounts;

(3) The name, address, and position of other principal officers;

(4) The beneficiary of the legal defense committee and checking account;

(5) The name and address of the bank designated by the committee as the legal defense committee depository, together with the title and number of the checking account and safety deposit box used by that committee at the depository, and the identification of each individual authorized to make withdrawals or payments out of each such account or box; and

(6) Other information as shall be required by the Director of Campaign Finance.

(c) Any change in information previously submitted in a statement of organization shall be reported to the Director of Campaign Finance within the 10-day period following the change.

(d) Any legal defense committee which, after having filed one or more statements of organization, disbands or determines it will no longer receive contributions or make expenditures during the calendar year shall so notify the Director of Campaign Finance.

(e) Any balance in the legal defense committee fund shall be transferred only to a nonprofit organization, within the meaning of section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, operating in good standing in the District of Columbia for a minimum of one calendar year before the date of any transfer, or to a constituent-service program pursuant to § 1-1163.38.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 328, 59 DCR 1862.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1163.30.


§ 1–1163.29. Legal defense committees — contributions and expenditures.

(a) Each legal defense committee shall have a chairman and a treasurer. No contribution and no expenditure shall be accepted or made by or on behalf of a legal defense committee at a time when there is a vacancy in the office of treasurer for the committee and no other person has been designated and has agreed to perform the functions of treasurer. No expenditure shall be made for or on behalf of a legal defense committee without the authorization of its chairman or treasurer, or their designated agents.

(b) Every person who receives a contribution of $50 or more for or on behalf of a legal defense committee shall, on demand of the treasurer, and in any event within 5 days after receipt of the contribution, submit to the treasurer of the committee a detailed account thereof, including the amount, the name and address (including the occupation and the principal place of business, if any) of the person making the contribution, and the date on which the contribution was received. All funds of a legal defense committee shall be segregated from, and may not be commingled with, any personal funds of officers, members, or associates of such committee.

(c) The treasurer of a legal defense committee, and each beneficiary, shall keep a detailed and exact account of:

(1) All contributions made to or for the legal defense committee;

(2) The full name and mailing address (including the occupation and the principal place of business, if any) of every person making a contribution of $50 or more, and the date and amount of the contribution;

(3) All expenditures made by or on behalf of the legal defense committee; and

(4) The full name and mailing address (including the occupation and the principal place of business, if any) of every person to whom any expenditure is made, the date and amount thereof, and the name and address of, and office sought by, each candidate on whose behalf such expenditure was made.

(d) The treasurer or beneficiary shall obtain and preserve such receipted bills and records as may be required by the Elections Board.

(e)(1) No person shall make any contribution to or for a legal defense committee which, when aggregated with all other contributions to or for the legal defense committee received from the person, exceeds $10,000 in an aggregate amount; provided, that the $10,000 limitation shall not apply to contributions made by a public official for the purpose of funding his or her own legal defense committee within the District of Columbia.

(2) No contributions to a legal defense committee shall be made by a lobbyist or registrant or by a person acting on behalf of the lobbyist or registrant.

(3) A legal defense committee shall not accept a contribution from a lobbyist or registrant or by a person acting on behalf of the lobbyist or registrant.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 329, 59 DCR 1862.)


§ 1–1163.30. Designation of legal defense depositories.

Each legal defense committee accepting contributions or making expenditures shall designate in the registration statement required under § 1-1163.28, one or more banks located in the District of Columbia as the legal defense depository or depositories of that legal defense committee. Each committee shall maintain a checking account or accounts at the depository or depositories and shall deposit any contributions received by the committee into that account or accounts. No expenditures may be made by a committee except by check drawn payable to the person to whom the expenditure is being made on that account.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 330, 59 DCR 1862.)


§ 1–1163.31. Reports of receipts and expenditures by legal defense committees.

(a) The treasurer of each legal defense committee shall file with the Director of Campaign Finance, and with the applicable principal campaign committee, reports of receipts and expenditures on forms to be prescribed or approved by the Director of Campaign Finance. The reports shall be filed within 30 days after the committee’s organization and every 30 days thereafter in each year. The reports shall be complete as of a date as prescribed by the Director of Campaign Finance, which shall not be more than 5 days before the date of filing, except that any contribution of $200 or more received after the closing date prescribed by the Director of Campaign Finance for the last report required to be filed before the election shall be reported within 24 hours after its receipt.

(b) Each report under this section shall disclose:

(1) The amount of cash on hand at the beginning of the reporting period;

(2) The full name and mailing address (including the occupation and the principal place of business, if any) of each person who has made one or more contributions to or for a committee within the calendar year in an aggregate amount or value in excess of $50 or more, together with the amount and date of the contributions;

(3) The total sum of individual contributions made to or for a committee or candidate during the reporting period and not reported under paragraph (2) of this subsection;

(4) Each loan to or from any person within the calendar year in an aggregate amount or values of $50 or more, together with the full names and mailing addresses (including the occupation and the principal place of business, if any) of the lender and endorsers, if any, and the date and amount of the loans;

(5) The total sum of all receipts by or for a committee during the reporting period;

(6) The full name and mailing address (including the occupation and the principal place of business, if any) of each person to whom expenditures have been made by a committee or on behalf of a committee within the calendar year in an aggregate amount or value of $10 or more;

(7) The total sum of expenditures made by a committee during the calendar year;

(8) The amount and nature of debts and obligations owed by or to the committee, in a form as prescribed by the Director of Campaign Finance; and

(9) Other information as may be required by the Director of Campaign Finance.

(c) The reports to be filed under subsection (a) of this section shall be cumulative during the calendar year to which they relate, but where there has been no change in an item reported in a previous report during such year, only the unchanged amount need be carried forward. If no contributions or expenditures have been accepted or expended during a calendar year, the treasurer of the legal defense committee shall file a statement to that effect.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 331, 59 DCR 1862.)


§ 1–1163.32. Formal requirements for reports and statements.

(a) A report or statement required by this part to be filed by a treasurer of a legal defense committee shall be verified by the oath or affirmation of the person filing the report or statement and by the individual to be benefitted by the committee.

(b) A copy of a report or statement shall be preserved by the person filing and by the individual to be benefitted by the committee for a period to be designated by the Elections Board in a published regulation.

(c) The Elections Board shall, by published regulations of general applicability, prescribe the manner in which contributions and expenditures in the nature of debts and other contracts, agreements, and promises to make contributions or expenditures shall be reported. The regulations shall provide that they be reported in separate schedules. In determining aggregate amounts of contributions and expenditures, amounts reported as provided in the regulations shall not be considered until actual payment is made.

(d) Any legal defense committee which, after having filed one or more statements of organization, disbands or determines it will no longer receive contributions or make expenditures during the calendar year shall so notify the Director.

(e) All actions of the Elections Board or of the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia to enforce the provisions of this part must be initiated within 5 years of the discovery of the alleged violation of this part.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332, 59 DCR 1862.)


Part C-i. Fair Elections Program.

§ 1–1163.32a. Establishment of the Fair Elections Program. [Not Funded]

Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332a; as added May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b), 65 DCR 2847.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the creation of this section by § 2(b) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.32b. Fair Elections Program contribution limitations and requirements. [Not Funded]

Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332b; as added May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b), 65 DCR 2847.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the creation of this section by § 2(b) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.32c. Certification as a participating candidate. [Not Funded]

Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332c; as added May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b), 65 DCR 2847.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the creation of this section by § 2(b) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.32d. Base amount payments. [Not Funded]

Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332d; as added May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b), 65 DCR 2847.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the creation of this section by § 2(b) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.32e. Matching payments for qualified small-dollar contributions. [Not Funded]

Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332e; as added May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b), 65 DCR 2847.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the creation of this section by § 2(b) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.32f. Limitations on contributions and expenditures. [Not Funded]

Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332f; as added May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b), 65 DCR 2847.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the creation of this section by § 2(b) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.32g. Debate requirement. [Not Funded]

Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332g; as added May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b), 65 DCR 2847.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the creation of this section by § 2(b) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.32h. Remitting funds and turning over equipment to the Office of Campaign Finance. [Not Funded]

Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332h; as added May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b), 65 DCR 2847.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the creation of this section by § 2(b) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.32i. Fair Elections Fund. [Not Funded]

Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332i; as added May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b), 65 DCR 2847.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the creation of this section by § 2(b) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.32j. Reporting by the Director of Campaign Finance. [Not Funded]

Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332j; as added May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b), 65 DCR 2847.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the creation of this section by § 2(b) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.32k. 2020 election cycle report by the District of Columbia Auditor. [Not Funded]

Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332k; as added May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b), 65 DCR 2847.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the creation of this section by § 2(b) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


§ 1–1163.32l. Rules. [Not Funded]

Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 332l; as added May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b), 65 DCR 2847.)

Applicability

Applicability of D.C. Law 22-94: § 3 of D.C. Law 22-94 provided that the creation of this section by § 2(b) of D.C. Law 22-94 is subject to the inclusion of the law’s fiscal effect in an approved budget and financial plan. Therefore that amendment has not been implemented.


Part D. Contribution Limitations.

§ 1–1163.33. Contribution limitations.

(a) No person, including a business contributor, may make any contribution, and no person may receive any contribution from any contributor, that when aggregated with all other contributions received from that contributor relating to a campaign for nomination as a candidate or election to public office, including both the primary and general election or special elections, exceeds:

(1) In the case of a contribution in support of a candidate for Mayor or for the recall of the Mayor, $2,000;

(2) In the case of a contribution in support of a candidate for Attorney General or for the recall of the Attorney General, $1,500;

(3) In the case of a contribution in support of a candidate for Chairman of the Council or for the recall of the Chairman of the Council, $1,500;

(4) In the case of a contribution in support of a candidate for member of the Council elected at-large or for the recall of a member of the Council elected at-large, $1,000;

(5) In the case of a contribution in support of a candidate for member of the State Board of Education elected at-large or for member of the Council elected from a ward or for the recall of a member of the State Board of Education elected at-large or for the recall of a member of the Council elected from a ward, $500;

(6) In the case of a contribution in support of a candidate for member of the State Board of Education elected from an election ward or for the recall of a member of the State Board of Education elected from an election ward or for an official of a political party, $200; and

(7) In the case of a contribution in support of a candidate for a member of an Advisory Neighborhood Commission, $25.

(b) A business contributor shall certify for each contribution that it makes that no affiliated entities have contributed an amount that when aggregated with the business contributor's contribution would exceed the limits imposed by this chapter.

(c)(1) No person, including a business contributor, may make any contribution in any one election for Mayor, Attorney General, Chairman of the Council, each member of the Council, and each member of the State Board of Education (including primary and general elections, but excluding special elections), that when combined with all other contributions made by that contributor in that election to candidates and political committees exceeds $8,500.

(2) All contributions to a candidate's principal political committee shall be treated as contributions to the candidate and shall be subject to the contribution limitations contained in this section.

(d) Any entity, whether or not considered distinct under Title 29 of the District of Columbia Official Code, may be an affiliated entity for purposes of this chapter.

(e)(1) No political committee or political action committee may receive in any one election, including primary and general elections, any contribution in the form of cash or money order from any one person that in the aggregate exceeds $100.

(2) No person may make any contribution in the form of cash or money order which in the aggregate exceeds $100 in any one election to any one political committee or political action committee, including primary and general elections.

(f) No person may make contributions to any one political committee or political action committee in any one election, including primary and general elections, but excluding special elections, that in the aggregate exceed $5,000.

(g) No contributor may make a contribution or cause a contribution to be made in the name of another person, and no person may knowingly accept a contribution made by one person in the name of another person.

(h) An independent expenditure is not considered a contribution to or an expenditure by or on behalf of the candidate for the purposes of the limitations specified in this section.

(i) All contributions made by a person directly or indirectly to or for the benefit of a particular candidate or that candidate's political committee that are in any way earmarked, encumbered, or otherwise directed through an intermediary or conduit to that candidate or political committee shall be treated as contributions from that person to that candidate or political committee and shall be subject to the limitations established by this chapter.

(j)(1) No candidate or member of the immediate family of a candidate may make a loan or advance from his or her personal funds for use in connection with a campaign of that candidate for nomination for election, or for election, to a public office unless a written instrument fully discloses the terms, conditions, and parts to the loan or advance. The amount of any loan or advance shall be included in computing and applying the limitations contained in this section only to the extent of the balance of the loan or advance that is unpaid at the time of determination.

(2) For the purposes of this subsection, the term “immediate family” means the candidate's spouse, domestic partner, parent, brother, sister, or child, and the spouse or domestic partner of a candidate's parent, brother, sister, or child.

(k) No contributions made to support or oppose initiative or referendum measures shall be affected by the provisions of this section.

(l) Not Funded.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 333, 59 DCR 1862; Dec. 13, 2013, D.C. Law 20-60, § 302(d), 60 DCR 15487; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(q), 61 DCR 153; May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b)(6), 65 DCR 2847.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1162.31, § 1-1163.20, and § 1-1163.38.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 20-60 added (a)(1A); and substituted “for Chairman of the Council, each member of the Council, Mayor, Attorney General” for “for Mayor, Chairman of the Council, each member of the Council” in (b)(1).

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 would have rewritten this section.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(b) of Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Emergency Amendment Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-166, Oct. 24, 2017, 64 DCR 10800).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(b) of Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2017 (D.C. Act 22-34, Mar. 28, 2017, 64 DCR 3101).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(d) of the Election Code Conforming Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-143, July 31, 2013, 60 DCR 11799, 20 DCSTAT 1990).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(b) of Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Temporary Amendment Act of 2017 (D.C. Law 22-42, Jan. 17, 2018, 64 DCR 12308).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 2(b) of Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Temporary Amendment Act of 2016 (D.C. Law 21-235, Apr. 1, 2017, 64 DCR 885).

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-60: Section 401(b) of 20-60 provided that § 302 of the act shall apply as of December 13, 2013.


§ 1–1163.34. Partnership contributions.

(a) A contribution by a partnership shall be attributed to each partner:

(1) In direct proportion to his or her share of the partnership profits, according to instructions that shall be provided by the partnership to the political committee, political action committee, or candidate; or

(2) By agreement of the partners, as long as:

(A) Only the profits of the partners to whom the contribution is attributed are reduced (or losses increased); and

(B) These partners’ profits are reduced (or losses increased) in proportion to the contribution attributed to each of them.

(b) A contribution by a partnership shall not exceed the limitations on contributions pursuant to this part. No portion of such contribution may be made from the profits of a corporation that is a partner.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 334, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(r), 61 DCR 153.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1162.31.

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 added “political action committee” in (a)(1).

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


Part E. Prohibited Activities and Enforcement.

§ 1–1163.35. Penalties.

(a)(1) Except for violations subject to civil penalties identified under paragraph (2) of this subsection, any person who violates any provision of Parts A through E of this subchapter or of subchapter I of Chapter 10 of this title [§ 1-1001.01 et seq.] may be assessed a civil penalty for each violation of not more than $2,000, or 3 times the amount of an unlawful contribution, expenditure, gift, honorarium, or receipt of outside income, whichever is greater, by the Elections Board pursuant to paragraph (3) of this subsection. For the purposes of this section, each occurrence of a violation of Parts A through E of this subchapter, and each day of noncompliance with a disclosure requirement of Parts A through E of this subchapter or an order of the Elections Board, shall constitute a separate offense.

(2)(A) A candidate or other person charged with the responsibility under this subchapter for the filing of any reports or other documents required to be filed pursuant to this subchapter who fails, neglects, or omits to file any such report or document at the time and in the manner prescribed by law, or who omits or incorrectly states any of the information required by law to be included in such report or document, in addition to any other penalty provided by law, may be assessed a civil penalty of not more than $4,000 for the first offense and not more than $10,000 for the second and each subsequent offense.

(B) A political committee, political action committee, or independent expenditure committee that violates Part B of this subchapter shall be subject to a civil penalty not to exceed $4,000 for the first offense, and not more than $10,000 for the second and each subsequent offense.

(C) A person who makes a contribution, gift, or expenditure in violation of Parts A through E of this subchapter may be assessed a civil penalty by the Elections Board not to exceed $4,000, or 3 times the amount of the unlawful contribution, gift, or expenditure, whichever amount is greater.

(D) A person who aids, abets, or participates in the violation of any provision of Parts A through E of this subchapter or of subchapter I of Chapter 10 of this title [§ 1-1001.01 et seq.] shall be subject to a civil penalty not to exceed $1,000.

(3) A civil penalty shall be assessed by the Elections Board by order. An order assessing a civil penalty may be issued only after the person charged with a violation has been given an opportunity for a hearing and the Elections Board has determined, by a decision incorporating its findings of facts, that a violation did occur, and the amount of the penalty. Any hearing under this section shall be on the record and shall be held in accordance with the Chapter 5 of Title 2 [§ 2-501 et seq.].

(4) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (3) of this subsection, the Elections Board may issue a schedule of fines that may be imposed administratively by the Director of Campaign Finance for violations of Parts A through E of this subchapter. A civil penalty imposed under the authority of this paragraph may be reviewed by the Elections Board in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (3) of this subsection. The aggregate amount of penalties imposed under the authority of this paragraph may not exceed $4,000.

(5) If a person against whom a civil penalty is assessed fails to pay the penalty, the Elections Board shall file a petition for enforcement of its order assessing the penalty in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia. The petition shall designate the person against whom the order is sought to be enforced as the respondent. A copy of the petition shall be sent by registered or certified mail to the respondent and the respondent's attorney of record, and if the respondent is a political committee, political action committee, or independent expenditure committee, to the chairperson of the committee, and the Elections Board shall certify and file in court the record upon which the order sought to be enforced was issued. The court shall have jurisdiction to enter a judgment enforcing, modifying and enforcing as so modified, or setting aside, in whole or in part, the order and the decision of the Elections Board or it may remand the proceedings to the Elections Board for further action as it may direct. The court may determine de novo all issues of law, but the Election Board's findings of fact, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive.

(b) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, any person who violates any of the provisions of Parts A through E of this subchapter shall be subject to criminal prosecution and, upon conviction, shall be fined not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01, or imprisoned for not longer than 6 months, but not both.

(c) Any person who knowingly violates any of the provisions of Parts A through E of this subchapter shall be subject to criminal prosecution and, upon conviction, shall be fined not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01, or imprisoned for not longer than 5 years, or both.

(d) Prosecutions pursuant to subsection (b) may be brought by the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia, in the name of the United States, or by the Attorney General for the District of Columbia, in the name of the District of Columbia. If the Attorney General for the District of Columbia initiates an investigation for the purpose of prosecution pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, he shall promptly notify the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia. Prosecutions pursuant to subsection (c) of this section shall be brought by the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia in the name of the United States.

(e) All actions of the Elections Board, the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia, or the Attorney General for the District of Columbia to enforce the provisions of Parts A, B, D, and E of this subchapter shall be initiated within 6 years of the actual occurrence of the alleged violation.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 335, 59 DCR 1862; Feb. 22, 2014, D.C. Law 20-79, § 2(s), 61 DCR 153.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1001.02 and § 1-1163.37.

Effect of Amendments

The 2014 amendment by D.C. Law 20-79 rewrote this section.

Editor's Notes

Section 7009 of D.C. Law 21-160 repealed § 3 of D.C. Law 20-79. Therefore the changes made to this section by D.C. Law 20-79 have been given effect.

A certification dated February 4, 2015, that the fiscal effect of the Campaign Finance Reform and Transparency Amendment Act of 2013, D.C. Law 20-79, has been included in an approved budget and financial plan was published in the D.C. Register on March 13, 2015 (62 DCR 2988).

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-79: Section 3 of D.C. Law 20-79 provided that the act shall apply upon the latest of: (1) The inclusion of the fiscal effect of the act in an approved budget and financial plan, as certified by the Chief Financial Officer to the Budget Director of the Council in a certification published by the Council in the District of Columbia Register; or (2) January 31, 2015.


§ 1–1163.36. Prohibition on the use of District government resources for campaign-related activities.

(a) No resources of the District of Columbia government, including the expenditure of funds, the personal services of employees during their hours of work, and nonpersonal services, including supplies, materials, equipment, office space, facilities, and telephones and other utilities, shall be used to support or oppose any candidate for elected office, whether partisan or nonpartisan, or to support or oppose any initiative, referendum, or recall measure, including a charter amendment referendum conducted in accordance with § 1-203.03.

(b)(1) This section shall not prohibit the Chairman and members of the Council, the Mayor, the Attorney General, or the President and members of the State Board of Education from expressing their views on a District of Columbia election as part of their official duties.

(2) This subsection shall not be construed to authorize any member of the staff of the Chairman and members of the Council, the Mayor, the Attorney General, or the President and members of the State Board of Education, or any other employee of the executive or legislative branch to engage in any activity to support or oppose any candidate for elected office, whether partisan or nonpartisan, an initiative, referendum, or recall measure during their hours of work, or the use of any nonpersonal services, including supplies, materials, equipment, office space, facilities, telephones and other utilities, to support or oppose an initiative, referendum, or recall matter.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 336, 59 DCR 1862; Dec. 13, 2013, D.C. Law 20-60, § 302(e), 60 DCR 15487; May 5, 2018, D.C. Law 22-94, § 2(b)(7), 65 DCR 2847.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 20-60 substituted “the Chairman and members of the Council, the Mayor, the Attorney General” for “the Mayor, the Chairman and members of the Council” in (b)(1); and substituted “the Mayor, the Chairman and members of the Council” for “the Chairman and members of the Council, the Mayor, the Attorney General in (b)(2).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(e) of the Election Code Conforming Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-143, July 31, 2013, 60 DCR 11799, 20 DCSTAT 1990).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 20-60: Section 401(b) of 20-60 provided that § 302 of the act shall apply as of December 13, 2013.


§ 1–1163.37. Document under oath.

(a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this subchapter, neither the Elections Board, or any of its officers or employees, nor the Director of Campaign Finance, or any of his or her officers or employees, may require that a document be sworn under oath unless the Elections Board and Director of Campaign Finance maintain at the place of receipt of such documents and during regular business days and hours, a notary public to administer such oaths.

(b) If no such notary public is available, persons wishing to file documents for which an oath is requested may, in lieu thereof, affirm by their signature that their statements are true under penalty of § 1-1163.35.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 337, 59 DCR 1862.)


Part F. Constituent Services.

§ 1–1163.38. Constituent services.

(a) The Mayor, the Chairman of the Council, and each member of the Council may establish constituent-service programs within the District. The Mayor, the Chairman of the Council, and each member of the Council may finance the operation of these programs with contributions from persons; provided, that contributions received by the Mayor, the Chairman of the Council, and each member of the Council do not exceed an aggregate amount of $40,000 in any one calendar year. The Mayor, the Chairman of the Council, and each member of the Council may expend a maximum of $60,000 in any one calendar year for constituent service programs. No person shall make any contribution which, and neither the Mayor, the Chairman of the Council, nor any member of the Council shall receive any contribution from any person which, when aggregated with all other contributions received from such person, exceed $500 per calendar year; provided, that such $500 limitation shall not apply to contributions made by the Mayor, the Chairman of the Council, or any member of the Council for the purpose of funding his or her own constituent-service program. The Mayor, the Chairman of the Council, and each member of the Council shall file a quarterly report of all contributions received and monies expended in accordance with this subsection with the Director of Campaign Finance.

(b)(1) Funds raised pursuant to this section shall be expended only for an activity, service, or program which provides emergency, informational, charitable, scientific, educational, medical, or recreational services to the residents of the District of Columbia and which expenditure accrues to the primary benefit of residents of the District of Columbia.

(2) Allowable expenditures include:

(A) Funeral arrangements;

(B) Emergency housing and other necessities of life;

(C) Past due utility payments;

(D) Food and refreshments or an in-kind equivalent on infrequent occasions;

(E) Community events sponsored by the constituent-service program or an entity other than the District government; and

(F) Community-wide events.

(3) Disallowable expenditures include:

(A) Promoting or opposing, as a primary purpose, a political party, committee, candidate, or issue;

(B) Fines and penalties inuring to the District;

(C) Any expenditure of cash;

(E) Sponsorships for political organizations; and

(F) Any mass mailing within the 90-day period immediately preceding a primary, special, or general election by a member of the Council, or the Mayor, who is a candidate for office.

(c) Upon the request of any member of the Council, the Mayor shall provide the member with suitable office space in a publicly owned building for the operation of a constituent-service program office located in the ward represented by the member. Each at-large member of the Council shall be offered constituent-service office space located in a ward of the member’s choice. Members shall be provided with space of approximately equivalent square footage, and in similar proximity to commercial corridors and public transportation, where practicable. The space provided shall also be easily accessible by persons with disabilities or persons who are elderly. Any space provided shall not be counted as an in-kind contribution. Furnishings, equipment, telephone service, and supplies to this office space shall be provided from funds other than appropriated funds of the District government.

(d) Every constituent-service program shall have a chairman and a treasurer. No contribution and no expenditure shall be accepted or made by or on behalf of a constituent-service program at a time when there is a vacancy in the office of its treasurer and no other person has been designated and has agreed to perform the functions of treasurer. No expenditure shall be made for or on behalf of a constituent-service program without the authorization of its chairman or treasurer or their designated agents.

(e) Contributions of personal property from persons to the Mayor or to any members of the Council or contributions of the use of personal property shall be valued, for purposes of this section, at the fair market value of the property, not to exceed $1,000 per calendar year at the time of the contribution. Contributions made or received pursuant to this section shall not be applied against the limitation on political contributions established by § 1-1163.33.

(f) All contributions and expenditures made by persons to the Mayor, Chairman of the Council, and each member of the Council as provided by subsection (a) of this section, and all expenditures made by the Mayor, Chairman of the Council, and each member of the Council as provided by subsection (a) of this section, shall be reported to the Director of Campaign Finance quarterly on forms that the Director of Campaign Finance shall prescribe. The forms must prescribe itemized reporting of expenditures. All of the record-keeping requirements of this subchapter shall apply to contributions and expenditures made under this section. At the time of termination, any excess funds shall either be used to retire the debts of the program or donated to an nonprofit organization, within the meaning of the Internal Revenue Code, and operating in good standing in the District of Columbia for a minimum of one calendar year prior to the date of donation.

(g) Activities authorized by this section may be carried on at any location in the District; provided, that employees do not engage in constituent-service fundraising activities while on duty.

(h) Violations of this part shall be subject to the penalties set forth in § 1-1162.21.


(Apr. 27, 2012, D.C. Law 19-124, § 338, 59 DCR 1862; Oct. 8, 2016, D.C. Law 21-160, § 1142, 63 DCR 10775.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 1-1161.01, § 1-1162.31, § 1-1163.23, § 1-1163.25, § 1-1163.28, § 2-706, § 3-1323, and § 47-2808.