Code of the District of Columbia

Part A. General.


§ 2–219.01. Definitions.

For the purposes of this part, the term:

(1) “Beneficiary” means:

(A) The signatory to a contract executed by the Mayor which involves any District of Columbia government funds, or funds which, in accordance with a federal grant or otherwise, the District government administers and which details the number and description of all jobs created by a government-assisted project or contract for which the beneficiary is required to use the First Source Register;

(B) A recipient of a District government economic development action including contracts, grants, loans, tax abatements, land transfers for redevelopment, or tax increment financing that results in a financial benefit of $300,000 or more from an agency, commission, instrumentality, or other entity of the District government, including a financial or banking institution which serves as the repository for $1 million or more of District of Columbia funds.

(C) A retail or commercial tenant that is a direct recipient of a District government economic development action, including contracts, grants, loans, tax abatements, land transfers for public redevelopment, or tax increment financing in excess of $300,000.

(2) “Employment agreement” means the contract referred to in paragraph (1) of this section.

(3) “All jobs” means any union and non-union managerial, nonmanagerial professional, nonprofessional, technical or nontechnical position including: clerical and sales occupations, service occupations, processing occupations, machine trade occupations, bench work occupations, structural work occupations, agricultural, fishery, forestry, and related occupations, and any other occupations as the Department of Employment Services may identify in the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, United States Department of Labor.

(4) “First Source Register” means the Department of Employment Services Automated Applicant Files, which consists of the names of unemployed District residents registered with the Department of Employment Services.

(5) “Government-assisted project or contract” means any construction or non-construction project or contract receiving funds or resources from the District of Columbia, or funds or resources which, in accordance with a federal grant or otherwise, the District of Columbia government administers, including contracts, grants, loans, tax abatements or exemptions, land transfers, land disposition and development agreements, tax increment financing, or any combination thereof, that is valued at $300,000 or more.

(6) “Unemployed District resident” means:

(A) Any unemployed resident of the District of Columbia who does not receive unemployment compensation benefits pursuant to Chapter 1 of Title 51, and who lives within the boundaries of the advisory neighborhood commission in which the government-assisted project or contract is located;

(B) Any unemployed resident of the District of Columbia who does not receive unemployment compensation benefits pursuant to Chapter 1 of Title 51; or

(C) Any other unemployed resident of the District of Columbia.

(7) “Hard to employ” means a District resident who is confirmed by a District of Columbia government agency as:

(A) An ex-offender who has been released from prison within the last 10 years;

(B) A participant of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program;

(C) A participant of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program;

(D) Living with a permanent disability verified by the Social Security Administration or District vocational rehabilitation program;

(E) Unemployed for 6 months or more in the last 12-month period;

(F) Homeless;

(G) A participant or graduate of the Transitional Employment Program established by § 32-1331; or

(H) An individual who qualified for inclusion in the Work Opportunity Tax Credit Program as certified by the Department of Employment Services.

(8) “Direct labor costs” means all costs, including wages and benefits, associated with the hiring and employment of personnel assigned to a process in which payroll expenses are traced to the units of output and are included in the cost of goods sold.

(9) “Indirect labor costs” means all costs, including wages and benefits, that are part of operating expenses and are associated with the hiring and employment of personnel assigned to tasks other than producing products.

(10) “Workforce Act” means the Workforce Intermediary Establishment and Reform of the First Source Amendment Act of 2011 [D.C. Law 19-84].


(June 29, 1984, D.C. Law 5-93, § 2, 31 DCR 2545; Mar. 15, 1985, D.C. Law 5-175, § 2, 32 DCR 746; Mar. 17, 1993, D.C. Law 9-210, § 2(a), 40 DCR 19; June 8, 2006, D.C. Law 16-118, § 302(a), 53 DCR 2602; Mar. 25, 2009, D.C. Law 17-353, § 113, 56 DCR 1117; Feb. 24, 2012, D.C. Law 19-84, § 2(a), 58 DCR 11170.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 1-1161.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 2-218.50, § 2-219.03, § 2-219.32, § 2-219.33, § 2-219.34, § 2-353.01, § 6-1504, § 10-1601.04, § 10-1601.05, and § 47-1818.07.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 16-118 rewrote par. (1), which had read as follows: “(1) ‘Beneficiary’ means the signator to a contract executed by the Mayor which involves any District of Columbia government funds, or funds which, in accordance with a federal grant or otherwise, the District of Columbia government administers, or the applicant for any street or alley closing pursuant to Chapter 2 of Title 9, and which details the number and description of all jobs created by a government-assisted project for which the beneficiary is required to use the First Source Register.”

D.C. Law 17-353 validated a previously made technical correction in the lead-in language.

D.C. Law 19-84 rewrote pars. (1) and (5); in par. (3), substituted “union and non-union managerial, nonmanagerial” for “managerial, nonmanagerial,”; in par. (6), substituted “government-assisted project or contract” for “government-assisted project”; and added pars. (7) to (10).

Cross References

Economic development zone incentives, businesses qualifying for tax incentives, see § 6-1504.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2 of Workforce Intermediary Task Force Establishment Emergency Act of 2011 (D.C. Act 19-131, August 2, 2011, 58 DCR 6789).

For temporary (90 day) addition of section, see § 2 of Workforce Intermediary Task Force Establishment Second Emergency Act of 2011 (D.C. Act 19-167, October 11, 2011, 58 DCR 8900).

Temporary Legislation

Section 2 of D.C. Law 19-55 added a section to read as follows:

“Sec. 2. Establishment of Workforce Intermediary Task Force.

“(a)(1) By November 1, 2011, the Mayor shall establish a Workforce Intermediary Task Force (”Task Force“) to review best practices for workforce intermediary programs.

“(2) The Task Force shall review similar programs implemented by the governments of Boston, Minneapolis, San Francisco, and any other cities that have implemented similar programs.

“(3) By January 15, 2012, the Task Force shall recommend to the Mayor and the Council a Workforce Intermediary Program (”Program“) for the District. The recommendation shall include a review of:

“(A) The industries, in addition to the construction industry, that should be a focal point of the Program because they are frequently required to enter into first source agreements;

“(B) What would be a reasonable operating budget for the Program, including a cap on administrative costs;

“(C) What would be a reasonable funding mechanism for the Program;

“(D) How the Program would collaborate with multiple District government agencies and community-based organizations to serve job-ready residents as well as residents needing job-training services or adult basic education services;

“(E) The specific performance metrics that should be used to assess the performance of the Program’s process and outcomes;

“(F) The baseline data that would be needed to isolate, to the fullest extent possible, the effects of the Program;

“(G) The type of governance structure that would work best for establishing the Program and for the ongoing operations of the Program; and

“(H) What programmatic and statutory recommendations would be necessary regarding how the Program will interact with the District’s First Source Register program.

“(b)(1) The recommendations shall be submitted to the Council for a 45-day period of review, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, legal holidays, and days of Council recess. Upon receipt of the recommendations, the Council shall hold a public roundtable or hearing. If the Council does not approve or disapprove the recommendations, in whole or in part, by resolution within the 45-day review period, the recommendations shall be deemed disapproved.

“(2) If the recommendations are disapproved by the Council, the Council’s Committee on Housing and Workforce Development shall transmit a report to the Task Force citing the Council’s concerns and the Task Force shall have 30 days to review the report and re-submit its new recommendations to the Mayor and the Council for approval pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection.

“(c) The Task Force shall consist of the following 17 members:

“(1) The Mayor, or his designee;

“(2) The Chairman of the Council, or his designee;

“(3) The Chairman of the Council’s Committee on Housing and Workforce Development, or his designee;

“(4) The Director of the Department of Employment Services;

“(5) The Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, or his designee;

“(6) The Executive Director of the Workforce Investment Council;

“(7) Two members of the District business community who represent industries that are frequently subject to first source agreements, appointed by the Mayor;

“(8) Two members of the District business community who represent industries that are frequently subject to first source agreements, appointed by the Chairman of the Council;

“(9) A representative of a District job training or education provider, appointed by the Mayor;

“(10) A representative of a District job training or education provider, appointed by the Chairman of the Council;

“(11) Two representatives of organized labor, appointed by the Mayor;

“(12) A representative of organized labor, appointed by the Chairman of the Council;

“(13) A representative of the District philanthropic community or an organization focused on workforce development research, appointed by the Mayor; and

“(14) A representative of the District philanthropic community or an organization focused on workforce development research, appointed by the Chairman of the Council.

“(d) The Mayor and the Chairman of the Council shall serve as co-chairs of the Task Force.

“(e) The director of each District agency and instrumentality that engages in capital construction shall advise and assist the Task Force.”

Section 4(b) of D.C. Law 19-55 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of Authority pursuant to D.C. Law 16-118, the “Way to Work Amendment Act of 2006”, see Mayor’s Order 2006-122, September 27, 2006 ( 53 DCR 9313).

Delegation of Additional Functions relating to First Source Employment Compliance to the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, see Mayor’s Order 2011-47, February 23, 2011 ( 58 DCR 1665).


§ 2–219.02. First Source Register created.

(a) The Mayor shall maintain a First Source Register. The First Source Register is the Department of Employment Services Automated Applicant File, which consists of the names of unemployed District residents registered with the Department of Employment Services.

(b) In compiling and maintaining the First Source Register the Mayor shall contact community organizations, advisory neighborhood commissions, civic and citizen associations, and project area committees for names of unemployed District residents.


(June 29, 1984, D.C. Law 5-93, § 3, 31 DCR 2545; Mar. 17, 1993, D.C. Law 9-210, § 2(b), 40 DCR 19.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 1-1162.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority pursuant to Law 5-93, see Mayor’s Order 86-66, April 22, 1986.


§ 2–219.03. Employment agreements required.

(a) The Mayor shall include for every government-assisted project or contract a requirement that the beneficiary enter into an employment agreement with the District of Columbia government which states that:

(1) The first source for finding employees to fill all jobs created by the government-assisted project or contract will be the First Source Register; and

(2) The first source for finding employees to fill any vacancy occurring in all jobs covered by an employment agreement will be the First Source Register.

(b) In selecting unemployed District residents from the First Source Register for interviews for all jobs covered by each employment agreement, the Mayor shall:

(1) Give first preference to unemployed District residents pursuant to § 2-219.01(6)(A); and

(2) Give second preference to unemployed District residents pursuant to § 2-219.01(6)(B).

(c) The Mayor shall transmit each employment agreement to the Department of Employment Services no less than 7 calendar days in advance of the project or contract start date, whichever is later, and no work associated with the relevant government assistance can begin on a project or contract until the employment agreement has been accepted by the Department of Employment Services.

(d) Repealed.

(e)(1)(A) The Mayor shall include in each government-assisted project or contract that receives government assistance totaling between $300,000 and $5,000,000, a provision that at least 51% of the new employees hired to work on the project or contract shall be District residents. Collective bargaining agreements shall not be the basis for a waiver from this requirement.

(B) Prior to the employment agreement being accepted by the Department of Employment Services, each beneficiary covered by this paragraph shall choose whether the 51% of the new employees hired shall be:

(i) Cumulative of all new hires, including those made by all subcontractors at any tier who work on the project or contract; or

(ii) Met by each beneficiary covered by this paragraph and each individual subcontractor at any tier who works on the project or contract.

(C) Each beneficiary covered by this paragraph shall submit to the Department of Employment Services each month following the start of the project or contract a hiring compliance report for the project or contract that includes the:

(i) Number of employees who worked on the project or contract;

(ii) Number of current employees transferred;

(iii) Number of new job openings created;

(iv) Number of job openings created by employee attrition;

(v) Number of job openings listed with the Department of Employment Services;

(vi) Total monthly direct and indirect labor costs associated with the project or contract;

(vii) Total number of all District residents hired for the reporting period and the cumulative total number of District residents hired; and

(viii) Total number of all employees hired for the reporting period and the cumulative total number of employees hired, including each employee’s:

(I) Name;

(II) Social security number;

(III) Job title;

(IV) Hire date;

(V) Residence; and

(VI) Referral source for all new hires.

(D)(i) Government-assisted construction projects or contracts covered by this paragraph shall be subject to the hiring and reporting requirements set forth in this paragraph until construction is completed and a final certificate of occupancy has been issued.

(ii) Government-assisted non-construction projects or contracts covered by this paragraph shall be subject to the hiring and reporting requirements set forth in this paragraph for as long as the benefit is being received.

(iii) A retail or commercial tenant that is a beneficiary as defined under § 2-219.01(1)(C) and is covered by this paragraph shall be subject to the hiring and reporting requirements set forth in this paragraph for 5 years following the commencement of the tenant’s initial lease date.

(1A)(A) The Mayor shall include in each government-assisted construction project or contract that receives government assistance totaling $5 million or more, a provision requiring that:

(i) At least 20% of journey worker hours by trade shall be performed by District residents;

(ii) At least 60% of apprentice hours by trade shall be performed by District residents;

(iii) At least 51% of the skilled laborer hours by trade shall be performed by District residents; and

(iv) At least 70% of common laborer hours shall be performed by District residents.

(B) Collective bargaining agreements shall not be a basis for a waiver from this requirement.

(C) As part of the employment plan required by subparagraph (F)(ii) of this paragraph, each beneficiary covered by this paragraph shall choose whether all residency work requirements shall be:

(i) Cumulative of all hours worked, including those hours worked by subcontractors at any tier who work on the project or contract; or

(ii) Met by each beneficiary covered by this paragraph and each individual subcontractor at any tier who works on the project or contract.

(D) Each month following the start of the project or contract, beneficiaries covered by this paragraph shall submit to the Department of Employment Services copies of their monthly and cumulative certified payrolls, monthly and cumulative certified payrolls from all subcontractors at any tier working on the project or contract, as well as a report of the total monthly direct and indirect labor costs associated with the project or contract.

(E) Government-assisted construction projects or contracts covered by this paragraph shall be subject to the hiring and reporting requirements set forth in this paragraph until construction is completed and a final certificate of occupancy has been issued.

(F)(i) Bids and proposals responding to a solicitation for a government-assisted project or contract covered by this paragraph shall include an initial employment plan outlining the bidder or offeror’s strategy to meet the local hiring requirements as part of its response to the solicitation. These plans shall be evaluated and scored by the Mayor based on the criteria listed in sub-sub-subparagraphs (I), (II), and (III) of this sub-subparagraph. The evaluation shall be worth 10% of the overall score of the bid or proposal. The employment plan shall include the following:

(I) Descriptions of the health and retirement benefits provided to employees who worked on any of the bidder or offeror’s past 3 completed projects or contracts;

(II) A description of the bidder or offeror’s efforts to provide District residents with ongoing employment and training opportunities after they complete work on the job for which they were initially hired; and

(III) A disclosure of past compliance with the Workforce Act and the Davis-Bacon Act of 1931, approved March 3, 1931 (46 Stat. 1494; 40 U.S.C. § 3141 et seq.) (“Davis-Bacon Act”), where applicable, on projects or contracts completed within the last 2 years.

(ii) The winning bidder or offeror shall submit a revised employment plan to the Mayor for approval prior to beginning work associated with the relevant government project or contract. The employment plan shall include:

(I) A projection of the total number of hours to be worked on the project or contract by trade;

(II) A projection of the total number of journey worker hours, by trade, to be worked on the project or contract and the total number of journey worker hours, by trade, to be worked by District residents;

(III) A projection of the total number of apprentice hours, by trade, to be worked on the project or contract and the total number of apprentice hours, by trade, to be worked by District residents;

(IV) A projection of the total number of skilled laborer hours, by trade, to be worked on the project or contract and the total number of skilled laborer hours, by trade, to be worked by District residents;

(V) A projection of the total number of common laborer hours to be worked on the project or contract and the total number of common laborer hours to be worked by District residents;

(VI) A timetable outlining the total hours worked by trade over the life of the project or contract and an associated hiring schedule;

(VII) Descriptions of the skill requirements by job title or position, including industry-recognized certifications required for the different positions;

(VIII) A strategy to fill the hours required to be worked by District residents pursuant to this paragraph, including a component on communicating these requirements to contractors and subcontractors and a component on potential community outreach partnerships with the University of the District of Columbia, the University of the District of Columbia Community College, the Department of Employment Services, Jointly Funded Apprenticeship Programs, or other government-approved, community-based job training providers;

(IX) A remediation strategy to ameliorate any problems associated with meeting these hiring requirements, including any problems encountered with contractors and subcontractors;

(X) The designation of a senior official from the general contractor who will be responsible for implementing the hiring and reporting requirements;

(XI) Descriptions of the health and retirement benefits that will be provided to District residents working on the project or contract;

(XII) A strategy to ensure that District residents who work on the project or contract receive ongoing employment and training opportunities after they complete work on the job for which they were initially hired and a review of past practices in continuing to employ District residents from one project or contract to the next;

(XIII) A strategy to hire graduates of District of Columbia Public Schools, District of Columbia public charter schools, and community-based job training providers, and hard-to-employ residents; and

(XIV) A disclosure of past compliance with the Workforce Act and the Davis-Bacon Act, where applicable, and the bidder or offeror’s general District-resident hiring practices on projects or contracts completed within the last 2 years.

(iii) The Mayor shall require all beneficiaries of government-assisted projects or contracts covered by this paragraph that are not awarded through the contracting process to develop and submit to the Department of Employment Services the employment plan required in sub-subparagraph (ii) of this subparagraph.

(iv) Once approved, the employment plan required by sub-subparagraph (ii) of this subparagraph shall not be amended except with the approval of the Mayor.

(G) For the purpose of calculating hours worked by District residents, beneficiaries covered by this paragraph may receive double credit for hours worked by District residents who are certified by the Department of Employment Services as hard to employ as long as they include the resident’s hard-to-employ certification as part of the monthly reporting. No more than 15% of the total hours worked by District residents may be comprised of double-credit hours.

(H) For the purpose of calculating hours worked by District residents, beneficiaries covered by this paragraph may count any hours worked by District residents on other completed projects or contracts subject to and in excess of the Workforce Act’s hiring requirements that are certified by the Mayor.

(I) Within one year of February 24, 2012, the Mayor shall review the hiring and reporting requirements set forth by this paragraph to determine the appropriateness of each percentage and make relevant findings of the determination in a report to the Council. After the initial submission of this report the Mayor shall regularly, but at least once every 3 years, conduct a new review of the hiring and reporting requirements set forth by this paragraph to determine the appropriateness of each percentage and make relevant findings of the determination in a report to the Council.

(J) The Department of Employment Services shall consider requests from beneficiaries to recommend to the D.C. Apprenticeship Council to alter the ratio of journey worker to apprentice positions as long as the request does not jeopardize the quality or safety of the project or contract and there is a compelling District-resident hiring rationale.

(1B)(A) Within one year of February 24, 2012, the Mayor shall issue rules establishing enhanced hiring and reporting requirements for government-assisted non-construction projects or contracts that receive government assistance totaling $5 million or more.

(B)(i) These rules shall include industry-specific requirements by percentage of total hours worked for full-time and part-time hourly wage employees and by percentage of full-time and part-time salaried employees, broken out by job category. The proposed rules shall also establish the length of time that these projects or contracts shall comply with the hiring and reporting requirements.

(ii) The proposed rules shall be submitted to the Council for a 45-day period of review, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, legal holidays, and days of Council recess. If the Council does not approve or disapprove the proposed rules, by resolution, within this 45-day review period, the proposed rules shall be deemed disapproved.

(iii) Until the final rules have been adopted after approval by the Council pursuant to this paragraph and paragraph (1C)(F) of this subsection, government-assisted non-construction projects or contracts that receive government assistance totaling $5 million or more shall be subject to the hiring and reporting requirements set forth in paragraph (1) of this subsection.

(1C)(A) Once final rules have been adopted after Council approval pursuant to paragraph (1B) of this subsection and subparagraph (F) of this paragraph, the Mayor shall include these District hiring and reporting requirements in each government-assisted non-construction project or contract that receives government assistance totaling $5 million or more. These government-assisted non-construction projects or contracts shall be subject to the procedures set forth in this paragraph.

(B)(i) Bids and proposals responding to a solicitation for a government-assisted project or contract covered by this paragraph shall include an initial employment plan outlining the bidder or offeror’s strategy to meet the local hiring requirements as part of its response to the solicitation. These plans shall be evaluated and scored by the Mayor based on the criteria listed in sub-sub-subparagraphs (I), (II), and (III) of this sub-subparagraph. The evaluation shall be worth 10% of the overall score of the bid or proposal. The employment plan shall include the following:

(I) Descriptions of the health and retirement benefits provided to employees who worked on any of the bidder or offeror’s past 3 completed projects or contracts;

(II) A description of the bidder or offeror’s efforts to provide District residents with ongoing employment, training, and career advancement opportunities; and

(III) A disclosure of past compliance with the Workforce Act, where applicable, on projects or contracts completed within the past 2 years.

(ii) The winning bidder or offeror shall submit a revised employment plan to the Mayor for approval, before beginning work associated with the project or contract. The revised employment plan shall include:

(I) A projection of the total number of hours to be worked by full-time and part-time hourly wage employees on an annual basis by job category and the total number of hours to be worked by full-time and part-time hourly wage employees who are District residents;

(II) A projection of the total number of full-time and part-time salaried employees on an annual basis by job category and the total number of full-time and part-time salaried employees that will be District residents;

(III) A timetable outlining the total hours worked by full-time and part-time hourly wage employees by job category and the total number of full-time and part-time salaried employees by job category over the duration of the life of the hiring requirements set forth by the Department of Employment Services and an associated hiring schedule which predicts when specific job openings will be available;

(IV) Descriptions of the skill requirements, including industry-recognized certifications required for the different positions;

(V) A strategy to fill the District-resident hiring requirements, including whether the bidder plans to pursue potential community outreach partnerships with the University of the District of Columbia, the University of the District of Columbia Community College, the Department of Employment Services, or other government-approved, community-based job training providers;

(VI) A remediation strategy to ameliorate any problems associated with meeting these hiring requirements;

(VII) The designation of a senior official from the beneficiary who will be responsible for implementing the hiring and reporting requirements;

(VIII) Descriptions of the health and retirement benefits that will be provided to District residents working on the project or contract;

(IX) A strategy to hire graduates of District of Columbia Public Schools, District of Columbia public charter schools, and community-based job training providers, and hard-to-employ residents; and

(X) A disclosure of past compliance with the Workforce Act, where applicable, and the bidder or offeror’s general District hiring practices on projects or contracts completed within the past 2 years.

(iii) The Mayor shall require all beneficiaries of government-assisted projects or contracts covered by this paragraph that are not awarded through the contracting process to develop and submit to the Department of Employment Services the employment plan required in sub-subparagraph (ii) of this subparagraph.

(iv) Once approved, the employment plan required by sub-subparagraph (ii) of this subparagraph shall not be amended except with the approval of the Mayor.

(C) For the purpose of calculating hours worked and full-time and part-time salaried positions filled by District residents, beneficiaries covered by this paragraph may receive double credit for hours worked and for full-time and part-time salaried positions filled by District residents who are certified by the Department of Employment Services as hard to employ as long as they include the resident’s hard-to-employ certification as part of the monthly reporting. No more than 15% of the total hours worked and full-time and part-time salaried positions filled by hard-to-employ District residents may be comprised of double-credit hours or double-credit full-time and part-time salaried positions.

(D) For the purpose of calculating hours worked and full-time and part-time salaried positions filled by District residents, beneficiaries covered by this paragraph may count any hours worked and full-time and part-time salaried positions filled by District residents on other completed projects or contracts subject to and in excess of the Workforce Act’s hiring requirements that are certified by the Mayor.

(E) Within one year of the effective date of the rules approved by the Council pursuant to paragraph (1B) of this subsection, the Mayor shall review the hiring and reporting requirements set forth by this paragraph to determine the appropriateness of each percentage and make relevant findings of the determination in a report submitted to the Council. After the initial submission of this report the Mayor shall regularly, but at least once every 3 years, conduct a new review of the hiring and reporting requirements set forth by this paragraph to determine the appropriateness of each percentage and make relevant findings of the determination in a report submitted to the Council.

(F) Within 90 days of the effective date of the rules approved by the Council pursuant to paragraph (1B) of this subsection, the Mayor shall issue rules to implement the provisions of this paragraph. The proposed rules shall be submitted to the Council for a 45-day period of review, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, legal holidays, and days of Council recess. If the Council does not approve or disapprove the proposed rules, in whole or in part, by resolution within this 45-day review period, the proposed rules shall be deemed approved.

(2) With the submission of the final request for payment from the District, the beneficiary shall:

(A) Document in a report to the Mayor its compliance with paragraph (1), (1A), (1B), or (1C) of this subsection; or

(B) Submit a request to the Mayor for a waiver of compliance with paragraphs (1), (1A), (1B), or (1C) of this subsection, which shall include the following documentation:

(i) Material supporting a good-faith effort to comply;

(ii) Referrals provided by the Department of Employment Services and other referral sources; and

(iii) Advertisement of job openings listed with the Department of Employment Services and other referral sources.

(3)(A) The Mayor may waive the provisions of paragraph (1), (1A), (1B), or (1C) of this subsection if the Mayor finds that:

(i) The Department of Employment Services has certified that a good-faith effort to comply has been demonstrated by the beneficiary;

(ii)(I) The beneficiary is located outside of the Washington Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area;

(II) None of the contract work is performed inside the Washington Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area;

(III) The beneficiary published each job opening or part-time work needed for 7 calendar days in a District newspaper of city-wide circulation; and

(IV) The Department of Employment Services certifies that there are insufficient eligible applicants from the First Source Register that possess the skills required by the positions, or the eligible applicants are not available for part-time work or do not have a means to travel to the onsite job; or

(iii) The beneficiary enters into a special workforce development training or placement arrangement with the Department of Employment Services.

(B) The Department of Employment Services shall consider the following when making a determination of a good-faith effort to comply:

(i) Whether the Department of Employment Services has certified that there is an insufficient number of District residents in the labor market who possess the skills required to fill the positions that were created as a result of the project or contract;

(ii) Whether the beneficiary posted the jobs on the Department of Employment Services job website for a minimum of 10 calendar days;

(iii) Whether the beneficiary posted each job opening or part-time work needed in a District newspaper with city-wide circulation for a minimum of 7 calendar days;

(iv) Whether the beneficiary has substantially complied with the relevant monthly reporting requirements set forth in this section;

(v) For government-assisted projects or contracts covered by paragraph (1A) or (1C) of this subsection, whether the beneficiary has submitted and substantially complied with its most recent employment plan that has been approved by the Department of Employment Services; and

(vi) Any additional documented efforts.

(4)(A) Willful breach of the employment agreement, or failure to submit the required hiring compliance report pursuant to paragraph (1), (1A), (1B), or (1C) of this subsection, or deliberate submission of falsified data, shall be enforced by the Mayor through the imposition of a monetary fine of 5% of the total amount of the direct and indirect labor costs of the project or contract, in addition to other penalties provided by law.

(B) Failure to meet the required hiring requirements pursuant to paragraph (1), (1A), (1B), or (1C) of this subsection or failure to receive a good-faith waiver pursuant to paragraph (3) of this subsection may result in the Mayor imposing a penalty equal to 1/8 of 1% of the total amount of the direct and indirect labor costs of the project or contract for each percentage by which the beneficiary fails to meet the hiring requirements.

(C) Upon a second violation within a 10-year time frame of the required hiring or reporting requirements set forth within paragraphs (1), (1A), (1B), or (1C) of this subsection or failure to receive a good-faith waiver pursuant to paragraph (3) of this subsection, the Mayor shall debar a person or entity from consideration for award of contracts or subcontracts with the District of Columbia for a period of not more than 5 years.

(D) Upon a second violation within a 10-year time frame of the required hiring or reporting requirements set forth within paragraphs (1), (1A), (1B), or (1C) of this subsection or failure to receive a good-faith waiver pursuant to paragraph (3) of this subsection, the Mayor may deem a person or entity ineligible of consideration for government-assisted projects with the District of Columbia for a period of not more than 5 years.

(5) The beneficiary may appeal any decision of the Mayor regarding a contract pursuant to paragraph (4) of this subsection to the Contract Appeals Board. For those projects that are not awarded through the contracting process, the Mayor shall establish by rule an administrative appeals process that allows the beneficiary to appeal any decision of the Mayor pursuant to paragraph (4) of this subsection.

(6) The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to government-assisted projects or contracts entered into prior to September 6, 2001.

(f) Nonprofit organizations with 50 employees or less shall be exempt from subsection (e) of this section.


(June 29, 1984, D.C. Law 5-93, § 4, 31 DCR 2545; Mar. 17, 1993, D.C. Law 9-210, § 2(c), 40 DCR 19; Sept. 6, 2001, D.C. Law 14-24, § 2, 48 DCR 5793; Apr. 8, 2005, D.C. Law 15-295, § 3, 52 DCR 1479; Feb. 24, 2012, D.C. Law 19-84, § 2(b), 58 DCR 11170.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 1-1163.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 2-219.05, § 2-219.34, § 2-1209.08, § 2-1212.01, § 8-1778.47, § 10-801, § 10-1202.42, § 47-1818.07, § 47-4652, and § 47-4656.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 14-24 added subsecs. (c) to (f).

D.C. Law 15-295 rewrote subsec. (f) which had reads follows: “(f) Nonprofit organizations shall be exempt from subsection (e) of this section.”

D.C. Law 19-84, in subsec. (a), substituted “government-assisted project or contract” for “government-assisted project”; rewrote subsecs. (c) and (e); and repealed subsec. (d).

Cross References

Business and economic development, tenant businesses in “business incubator” program, execution of first source employment agreements, see § 2-1209.08.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority pursuant to Law 5-93, see Mayor’s Order 86-66, April 22, 1986.


§ 2–219.03a. Special hiring agreements.

(a) Whenever the Mayor determines that the goal of increasing employment opportunities for District residents may be better served by establishing hiring goals in specific job categories for specific government-assisted projects or contracts, the Mayor may enter into agreements with beneficiaries or their contractors and subcontractors to provide for increased hiring in specific job categories. Compliance with this agreement shall be deemed compliance with the requirements of this part. Non-compliance with this agreement shall be treated in the same manner as a violation of any other requirement of this part.

(b) The Mayor may direct the Director of each District agency, the Chief Procurement Officer, or each District contracting officer to develop and report on performance goals for each District agency in furtherance of the objectives of this part.


(June 29, 1984, D.C. Law 5-93, § 4a; as added June 8, 2006, D.C. Law 16-118, § 302(b), 53 DCR 2602; Feb. 24, 2012, D.C. Law 19-84, § 2(c), 58 DCR 11170.)

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 19-84 substituted “government-assisted project or contract” for “government-assisted project”.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of Authority pursuant to D.C. Law 16-118, the “Way to Work Amendment Act of 2006”, see Mayor’s Order 2006-122, September 27, 2006 ( 53 DCR 9313).


§ 2–219.04. Reports.

The Mayor shall submit a semiannual report to the Council of the District of Columbia on January 31st and July 31st of each year. The report shall include, for each preceding 6-month period:

(1) The number of government-assisted projects or contracts for which employment agreements were executed;

(2) The number of jobs that result from employment agreements;

(3) The number of District residents actually employed in government-assisted projects or contracts; and

(4) The number of names of unemployed District residents on the First Source Register.


(June 29, 1984, D.C. Law 5-93, § 5, 31 DCR 2545; Mar. 14, 1985, D.C. Law 5-159, § 5, 32 DCR 30; Mar. 17, 1993, D.C. Law 9-210, § 2(d), 40 DCR 19; Feb. 24, 2012, D.C. Law 19-84, § 2(d), 58 DCR 11170.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 1-1164.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 19-84 substituted “government-assisted project or contract” for “government-assisted project”.

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority pursuant to Law 5-93, see Mayor’s Order 86-66, April 22, 1986.


§ 2–219.04a. Modernization of First Source recordkeeping.

Within 120 days of February 24, 2012, the Department of Employment Services shall provide public access on its website to all employment agreements entered into in 2009 through the present and shall make available online all future employment agreements, their status of compliance, and the project or contract’s assigned Contracting Officer or First Source Compliance Officer and their contact information.


(June 29, 1984, D.C. Law 5-93, § 5a; as added Feb. 24, 2012, D.C. Law 19-84, § 2(e), 58 DCR 11170.)


§ 2–219.04b. Establishment of a workforce intermediary pilot program.

(a)(1) By April 1, 2012, the Mayor shall establish a workforce intermediary pilot program for Fiscal Year 2012 based on Council and Mayor-approved recommendations made by the Workforce Intermediary Task Force established by the Workforce Intermediary Task Force Establishment Second Emergency Act of 2011, effective October 18, 2011 (D.C. Act 19-167; 58 DCR 8900), or succeeding legislation.

(2) The workforce intermediary pilot program shall act as an intermediary between employers and training providers to provide employers with qualified District resident job applicants.

(3) The workforce intermediary pilot program shall have a start-up budget not to exceed $2 million, which shall be funded by all funds deposited in the District of Columbia Jobs Trust Fund (“Fund”), established in § 2-219.04c, and other existing local funds.

(4) Thirty days before the end of the pilot program, the Deputy Mayor for Planning and Economic Development, in consultation with the Department of Employment Services and the workforce intermediary, shall develop a progress report and recommendations for continued operations of the workforce intermediary that take into account the Council and Mayor-approved recommendations made by the Workforce Intermediary Task Force.


(June 29, 1984, D.C. Law 5-93, § 5b; as added Feb. 24, 2012, D.C. Law 19-84, § 2(e), 58 DCR 11170.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 2-219.04c.


§ 2–219.04c. Establishment of the District of Columbia Jobs Trust Fund.

(a) There is established as a nonlapsing fund the District of Columbia Jobs Trust Fund, which shall be administered by the Department of Employment Services. The funds in the Fund shall be used solely for the purpose of establishing and operating the workforce intermediary pilot program, established in § 2-219.04b, or any succeeding program. The following shall be deposited into the Fund:

(1) Voluntary and negotiated contributions and donations, including past contributions for similar purposes that have yet to be collected or expended; and

(2) All outstanding monetary fines for breach of this part.

(b) All funds deposited into the Fund, and any interest earned on those funds, shall not revert to the unrestricted fund balance of the General Fund of the District of Columbia at the end of a fiscal year, or at any other time, but shall be continually available for the uses and purposes set forth in subsection (a) of this section without regard to fiscal year limitation, subject to authorization by Congress.


(June 29, 1984, D.C. Law 5-93, § 5c; as added Feb. 24, 2012, D.C. Law 19-84, § 2(e), 58 DCR 11170; Oct. 30, 2018, D.C. Law 22-168, § 2042, 65 DCR 9388.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 2-219.04b.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2042 of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-458, Oct. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 11212).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 2042 of Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Support Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-434, July 30, 2018, 65 DCR 8200).


§ 2–219.05. Rules.

(a)(1) Except as provided in § 2-219.03(e)(1B) and (1C), within 180 days of February 24, 2012, the Mayor, pursuant to subchapter I of Chapter 5 of this title [§ 2-501 et seq.], shall issue rules to implement the provisions of the Workforce Act.

(2) The proposed rules shall be submitted to the Council for a 45-day period of review, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, legal holidays, and days of Council recess. If the Council does not approve or disapprove the proposed rules, in whole or in part, by resolution within this 45-day review period, the rules shall be deemed approved.

(b) Any subsequent rules issued by the Mayor to implement the provisions of this part shall be submitted to the Council for a 45-day period of review in accordance with subsection (a)(2) of this section.


(June 29, 1984, D.C. Law 5-93, § 6, 31 DCR 2545; Feb. 24, 2012, D.C. Law 19-84, § 2(f), 58 DCR 11170.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 1-1165.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 19-84 rewrote the section, which formerly read:

“The Mayor shall issue rules to carry out the purposes of this part not later than 60 days after June 29, 1984.”

Delegation of Authority

Delegation of authority pursuant to Law 5-93, see Mayor’s Order 86-66, April 22, 1986.