Code of the District of Columbia

Chapter 14. False Pretenses; False Personation.


§ 22–1401. False pretenses. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 602(p), 29 DCR 3976.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1301.


§ 22–1402. Recordation of deed, contract, or conveyance with intent to extort money.

Whoever having no title or color of title to the land affected shall maliciously cause to be recorded in the office of the Recorder of Deeds of the District of Columbia any deed, contract, or other instrument purporting to convey or to relate to any land in said District with intent to extort money or anything of value from any person owning such land, or having any interest therein, shall be fined not less than $1,000 and not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01 or imprisoned not more than 180 days, or both.


(June 30, 1902, 32 Stat. 535, ch. 1329, § 845a; Aug. 20, 1994, D.C. Law 10-151, § 106, 41 DCR 2608; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 217, 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1302.

1973 Ed., § 22-1302.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 added “and not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01”.

Cross References

Extortion, see § 22-3251.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary amendment of section, see § 106 of the Omnibus Criminal Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 1994 (D.C. Act 10-255, June 22, 1994, 41 DCR 4286).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 217 of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 22–1403. False personation before court, officers, notaries.

(a) Whoever falsely personates another person before any court of record or judge thereof, or clerk of court, or any officer in the District authorized to administer oaths or take the acknowledgment of deeds or other instruments or to grant marriage licenses or accepts domestic partnership registrations, with intent to defraud, shall be imprisoned for not less than 1 year nor more than 5 years.

(a-1) In addition to any other penalty provided under this section, a person may be fined an amount not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01.

(b) For the purposes of this section, the term “domestic partnership” shall have the same meaning as provided in § 32-701(4).


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1330, ch. 854, § 859; Feb. 17, 1909, 35 Stat. 623, ch. 134; Sept. 12, 2008, D.C. Law 17-231, § 23(b), 55 DCR 6758; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 303(n), 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1303.

1973 Ed., § 22-1303.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 17-231 rewrote the section, which had read as follows: “Whoever falsely personates another person before any court of record or judge thereof, or clerk of court, or any officer in the District authorized to administer oaths or take the acknowledgment of deeds or other instruments or to grant marriage licenses, with intent to defraud, shall be imprisoned for not less than 1 year nor more than 5 years.”

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 added (a-1).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 303(n) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 22–1404. Falsely impersonating public officer or minister.

Whoever falsely represents himself or herself to be a judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, notary public, police officer, or other public officer, or a minister qualified to celebrate marriage, and attempts to perform the duty or exercise the authority pertaining to any such office or character, or having been duly appointed to any of such offices shall knowingly attempt to act as any such officers after his or her appointment or commission has expired or he or she has been dismissed from such office, shall suffer imprisonment in the penitentiary for not less than 1 year nor more than 3 years. In addition to any other penalty provided under this section, a person may be fined an amount not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1330, ch. 854, § 860; Feb. 17, 1909, 35 Stat. 623, ch. 134; July 8, 1963, 77 Stat. 77, Pub. L. 88-60, § 1; July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 570, Pub. L. 91-358, title I, § 155(a); May 21, 1994, D.C. Law 10-119, § 2(h), 41 DCR 1639; May 17, 1996, D.C. Law 11-119, § 2, 43 DCR 528; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 303(o), 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1304.

1973 Ed., § 22-1304.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 added the last sentence.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 303(o) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 22–1405. False personation of inspector of departments of District.

It shall be unlawful for any person in the District of Columbia to falsely represent himself or herself as being an inspector of the Department of Human Services of said District, or an inspector of any department of the District government; and any person so offending shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia shall be punished by a fine of not less than $10 nor more than $50 for the 1st offense, and for each subsequent offense by a fine of not less than $50 and not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01, or imprisonment in the Jail of the District not exceeding 6 months, or both, in the discretion of the court.


(Mar. 2, 1897, 29 Stat. 619, ch. 364; Apr. 1, 1942, 56 Stat. 190, ch. 207, § 1; July 8, 1963, 77 Stat. 77, Pub. L. 88-60, § 1; July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 570, Pub. L. 91-358, title I, § 155(a); June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 218, 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1305.

1973 Ed., § 22-1305.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “and not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01” for “nor more than $100”.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 218 of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 22–1406. False personation of police officer.

It shall be a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment in the District jail or penitentiary not exceeding 180 days, or by a fine not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01, for any person, not a member of the police force, to falsely represent himself as being such member, with a fraudulent design.


(R.S., D.C., § 433; Aug. 20, 1994, D.C. Law 10-151, § 114, 41 DCR 2608; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 219 ac, 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1306.

1973 Ed., § 22-1306.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01” for “not exceeding $1,000”.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary amendment of section, see § 114 of the Omnibus Criminal Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 1994 (D.C. Act 10-255, June 22, 1994, 41 DCR 4286).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 219(a) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Uniform requirements for security officers amended: Section 2 of D.C. Law 5-180 amended § 4.2 of the Regulation Establishing Standards For Certification And Employment For Security Officers, enacted December 1, 1974 (Reg. 74-31; 17 DCMR 2112.1), to remove the prohibition against security officers wearing uniforms with stripes.

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 22–1407. Wearing or using insignia of certain organizations. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 602(q), (r), 29 DCR 3976.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., §§ 22-1307, 22-1308.


§ 22–1408. False certificate of acknowledgment. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 602(q), (r), 29 DCR 3976.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., §§ 22-1307, 22-1308.


§ 22–1409. Use of official insignia; penalty for unauthorized use.

(a) The Metropolitan Police Department and the Fire and Emergency Medical Services Department shall have the sole and exclusive rights to have and use, in carrying out their respective missions, the official badges, patches, emblems, copyrights, descriptive or designating marks, and other official insignia displayed upon their current and future uniforms.

(b) Any person who, for any reason, makes or attempts to make unauthorized use of, or aids or attempts to aid another person in the unauthorized use or attempted unauthorized use of the official badges, patches, emblems, copyrights, descriptive or designated marks, or other official insignia of the Metropolitan Police Department or the Fire and Emergency Medical Services Department shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01, imprisoned for not more than one year, or both.


(Oct. 17, 2002, D.C. Law 14-194, § 702, 49 DCR 5306; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 220, 60 DCR 2064.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01” for “not more than $1,000” in (b).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 220 of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.