Code of the District of Columbia

Chapter 15. Forgery; Frauds.


§ 22–1501. Forgery. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 602(s), 29 DCR 3976.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1401.


§ 22–1502. Forging or imitating brands or packaging of goods.

Whoever wilfully forges, or counterfeits, or makes use of any imitation calculated to deceive the public, though with colorable difference or deviation therefrom, of the private brand, wrapper, label, trademark, bottle, or package usually affixed or used by any person to or with the goods, wares, merchandise, preparation, or mixture of such person, with intent to pass off any work, goods, manufacture, compound, preparation, or mixture as the manufacture or production of such person which is not really such, shall be fined not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01 or imprisoned not more than 180 days, or both.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1333, ch. 854, § 879; Aug. 20, 1994, D.C. Law 10-151, § 105(e), 41 DCR 2608; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 201(v), 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1402.

1973 Ed., § 22-1402.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01” for “not more than $500”.

Cross References

Fraud, see § 22-3221.

Violations pertaining to registration of containers of milk and beverages composed principally of milk, see §§ 36-130 and 36-153.

Violations pertaining to registration of labor union labels, see § 36-203.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary amendment of section, see § 105(e) of the Omnibus Criminal Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 1994 (D.C. Act 10-255, June 22, 1994, 41 DCR 4286).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 201(v) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 22–1503. Stealing, destroying, mutilating, secreting, or withholding will. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Sept. 14, 1965, 79 Stat. 783, Pub. L. 89-183, § 8.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1403.


§ 22–1504. Decedent’s estate — Secreting or converting property, documents, or assets. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 602(t), (u), 29 DCR 3976.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., §§ 22-1404, 22-1405.


§ 22–1505. Taking away or concealing writings. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 602(t), (u), 29 DCR 3976.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., §§ 22-1404, 22-1405.


§ 22–1506. Sale or concealment by conditional vendee, with intent to defraud. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Dec. 30, 1963, 77 Stat. 774, Pub. L. 88-243, § 15(a)(1).)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1406.


§ 22–1507. Fraud by use of slugs to operate coin-controlled mechanism [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 602(v)-(x), 29 DCR 3976.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., §§ 22-1407 to 22-1409.


§ 22–1508. Manufacture, sale, offer for sale, possession of slugs or device to operate coin-controlled mechanism [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 602(v)-(x), 29 DCR 3976.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., §§ 22-1407 to 22-1409.


§ 22–1509. “person” defined [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 602(v)-(x), 29 DCR 3976.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., §§ 22-1407 to 22-1409.


§ 22–1510. Making, drawing, or uttering check, draft, or order with intent to defraud; proof of intent; “credit” defined.

Any person within the District of Columbia who, with intent to defraud, shall make, draw, utter, or deliver any check, draft, order, or other instrument for the payment of money upon any bank or other depository, knowing at the time of such making, drawing, uttering, or delivering that the maker or drawer has not sufficient funds in or credit with such bank or other depository for the payment of such check, draft, order, or other instrument in full upon its presentation, shall, if the amount of such check, draft, order, or other instrument is $1,000 or more, be guilty of a felony and fined not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01 or imprisoned for not less than 1 year nor more than 3 years, or both; or if the amount of such check, draft, order, or other instrument has some value, be guilty of a misdemeanor and fined not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01 or imprisoned not more than 180 days, or both. As against the maker or drawer thereof the making, drawing, uttering, or delivering by such maker or drawer of a check, draft, order, or other instrument, payment of which is refused by the drawee because of insufficient funds of the maker or drawer in its possession or control, shall be prima facie evidence of the intent to defraud and of knowledge of insufficient funds in or credit with such bank or other depository, provided such maker or drawer shall not have paid the holder thereof the amount due thereon, together with the amount of protest fees, if any, within 5 days after receiving notice in person, or writing, that such check, draft, order, or other instrument has not been paid. The word “credit,” as used herein, shall be construed to mean arrangement or understanding, express or implied, with the bank or other depository for the payment of such check, draft, order, or other instrument.


(July 1, 1922, 42 Stat. 820, ch. 273; Oct. 22, 1970, 84 Stat. 1094, Pub. L. 91-497, § 3; Aug. 20, 1994, D.C. Law 10-151, § 108, 41 DCR 2608; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 221, 60 DCR 2064; June 19, 2013, D.C. Law 19-320, § 104, 60 DCR 3390.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1410.

1973 Ed., § 22-1410.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 28-3152.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317, in the first sentence, substituted the first occurrence of “not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01” for “not more than $3,000”, and the second occurrence for “not more than $1,000”.

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-320, in the first sentence, substituted “instrument is $1,000 or more” for “instrument is $100 or more” and substituted “has some value” for “is less than $100”.

Cross References

Fraud, see § 22-3221.

Proof of intent to defraud, see § 23-322.

Theft, see § 22-3211.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary amendment of section, see § 108 of the Omnibus Criminal Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 1994 (D.C. Act 10-255, June 22, 1994, 41 DCR 4286).

For temporary amendment of section, see § 104 of the Omnibus Criminal Code Amendments Emergency Amendment Act of 2012 (D.C. Act 19-599, January 14, 2013, 60 DCR 1017).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 104 of the Omnibus Criminal Code Amendment Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-44, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5381, 20 DCSTAT 1281).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 221 of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 22–1511. Fraudulent advertising.

It shall be unlawful in the District of Columbia for any person, firm, association, corporation, or advertising agency, either directly or indirectly, to display or exhibit to the public in any manner whatever, whether by handbill, placard, poster, picture, film, or otherwise; or to insert or cause to be inserted in any newspaper, magazine, or other publication printed in the District of Columbia; or to issue, exhibit, or in any way distribute or disseminate to the public; or to deliver, exhibit, mail, or send to any person, firm, association, or corporation any false, untrue, or misleading statement, representation, or advertisement with intent to sell, barter, or exchange any goods, wares, or merchandise or anything of value or to deceive, mislead, or induce any person, firm, association, or corporation to purchase, discount, or in any way invest in or accept as collateral security any bonds, bill, share of stock, note, warehouse receipt, or any security; or with the purpose to deceive, mislead, or induce any person, firm, association, or corporation to purchase, make any loan upon or invest in any property of any kind; or use any of the aforesaid methods with the intent or purpose to deceive, mislead, or induce any other person, firm, or corporation for a valuable consideration to employ the services of any person, firm, association, or corporation so advertising such services.


(May 29, 1916, 39 Stat. 165, ch. 130, § 1.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1411.

1973 Ed., § 22-1411.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 22-1512, § 22-1513, and § 37-201.22a.

Cross References

Food sales, misrepresentation or false advertising, purchase authorization, see § 37-201.22a.

Fraud, see § 22-3221.

Proof of intent to defraud, see § 23-322.

Theft, see § 22-3211.


§ 22–1512. Prosecution under § 22-1511.

Prosecution under § 22-1511 shall be in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia upon information filed by the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia or an Assistant U.S. Attorney.


(May 29, 1916, 39 Stat. 165, ch. 130, § 2; Apr. 1, 1942, 56 Stat. 190, ch. 207, § 1; June 25, 1948, 62 Stat. 909, ch. 646, § 1; July 8, 1963, 77 Stat. 77, Pub. L. 88-60, § 1; July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 570, Pub. L. 91-358, title I, § 155(a); May 21, 1994, D.C. Law 10-119, § 10, 41 DCR 1639.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1412.

1973 Ed., § 22-1412.


§ 22–1513. Penalty under § 22-1511.

Any person, firm, or association violating any of the provisions of § 22-1511 shall upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01 or by imprisonment of not more than 60 days, or by both fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court. A corporation convicted of an offense under the provisions of § 22-1511 shall be fined not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01, and its president or such other officials as may be responsible for the conduct and management thereof shall be imprisoned not more than 60 days, in the discretion of the court.


(May 29, 1916, 39 Stat. 165, ch. 130, § 3; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 222, 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1413.

1973 Ed., § 22-1413.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01” for “not more than $500” twice.

Cross References

Food sales, misrepresentation or false advertising, purchase authorization, see § 37-201.22a.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 222 of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 22–1514. Fraudulent interference or collusion in jury selection.

If any person shall fraudulently tamper with any box or wheel used or intended by the jury commission for the names of prospective jurors, or of prospective condemnation jurors or commissioners, or shall fraudulently tamper with the contents of any such box or wheel, or with any jury list, or be guilty of any fraud or collusion with respect to the drawing of jurors or condemnation jurors or commissioners, or if any jury commissioner shall put in or leave out of any such box or wheel the name of any person at the request of such person, or at the request of any other person, or if any jury commissioner shall wilfully draw from any such box or wheel a greater number of names than is required by the court, any such person or jury commissioner so offending shall for each offense be punished by a fine of not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01 or imprisonment for not more than 180 days, or both.


(Mar. 3, 1901, 31 Stat. 1223, ch. 854, § 213; Apr. 19, 1920, 41 Stat. 560, ch. 153, § 213; Mar. 27, 1968, 82 Stat. 63, Pub. L. 90-274, § 103(f); Aug. 20, 1994, D.C. Law 10-151, § 105(f), 41 DCR 2608; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 201(a), 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-1414.

1973 Ed., § 22-1414.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01” for “not more than $1,000”.

Cross References

Proof of intent to defraud, see § 23-322.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary amendment of section, see § 105(f) of the Omnibus Criminal Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 1994 (D.C. Act 10-255, June 22, 1994, 41 DCR 4286).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 201(a) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.