Code of the District of Columbia

Chapter 24. Perjury; Related Offenses.


§ 22–2401. Perjury; subornation of perjury. [Repealed]

Repealed.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 602(nn), 29 DCR 3976.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-2501.


§ 22–2402. Perjury.

(a) A person commits the offense of perjury if:

(1) Having taken an oath or affirmation before a competent tribunal, officer, or person, in a case in which the law authorized such oath or affirmation to be administered, that he or she will testify, declare, depose, or certify truly, or that any written testimony, declaration, deposition, or certificate by that person subscribed is true, wilfully and contrary to an oath or affirmation states or subscribes any material matter which he or she does not believe to be true and which in fact is not true;

(2) As a notary public or other officer authorized to take proof of certification, wilfully certifies falsely that an instrument was acknowledged by any party thereto or wilfully certifies falsely as to another material matter in an acknowledgement; or

(3) In any declaration, certificate, verification, or statement made under penalty of perjury in the form specified in § 16-5306 or 28 U.S.C. § 1746(2), the person willfully states or subscribes as true any material matter that the person does not believe to be true and that in fact is not true.

(b) Any person convicted of perjury shall be fined not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01 or imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 401, 29 DCR 3976; July 23, 2010, D.C. Law 18-191, § 3, 57 DCR 3400; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 205(x), 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-2511.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 2-1831.13, § 4-804, § 7-2502.05, § 7-2502.11, and § 7-2504.09.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 18-191, in subsec. (a), deleted “or” from the end of par. (1); substituted “; or” for a period at the end of par. (2), and added par. (3).

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01” for “not more than $5,000” in (b).

Cross References

Alcoholic beverage license, false statement in application, see § 25-401.

Allowance authorized for decedent’s family, false affidavit concerning, see § 19-101.

Closing-out sale license, false statement in application for, see § 47-2102.

District of Columbia Civilian Complaint Review Board, willful false swearing before, see § 5-1135.

Firearms control law, use of information as evidence in criminal proceedings, see §§ 7-2502.11 and 7-2504.09.

Homestead deduction application, false statements in, see § 47-850.

Hospitalization of mentally ill, offenses and penalties, see § 21-591.

Interrogatories to garnishee, willful false statement, see § 16-552.

Life insurance companies or agents, false statement by, see § 31-4308.

Medicaid provider fraud prosecutions, false swearing, see § 4-804.

Metropolitan Police or Fire Department trial boards, willful false swearing before, see § 5-1002.

Nonprofit housing development water and sewer rate deductions, false statements concerning eligibility, see §§ 34-2413.05 and 34-2105.04.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 205(x) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 22–2403. Subornation of perjury.

A person commits the offense of subornation of perjury if that person wilfully procures another to commit perjury. Any person convicted of subornation of perjury shall be fined not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01 or imprisoned for not more than 10 years, or both.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 402, 29 DCR 3976; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 205(y), 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-2512.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01” for “not more than $5,000”.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 205(y) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 22–2404. False swearing.

(a) A person commits the offense of false swearing if under oath or affirmation he or she wilfully makes a false statement, in writing, that is in fact material and the statement is one which is required by law to be sworn or affirmed before a notary public or other person authorized to administer oaths.

(b) Any person convicted of false swearing shall be fined not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01 or imprisoned for not more than 3 years, or both.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 403, 29 DCR 3976; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 205(z), 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-2513.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 2-1831.13.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01” for “not more than $2,500” in (b).

Cross References

Compromises and agreements concerning recordation tax on deeds, penalties for certain acts, see § 42-1110.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 205(z) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 22–2405. False statements.

(a) A person commits the offense of making false statements if that person wilfully makes a false statement that is in fact material, in writing, directly or indirectly, to any instrumentality of the District of Columbia government, under circumstances in which the statement could reasonably be expected to be relied upon as true; provided, that the writing indicates that the making of a false statement is punishable by criminal penalties or if that person makes an affirmation by signing an entity filing or other document under Title 29 of the District of Columbia Official Code, knowing that the facts stated in the filing are not true in any material respect or if that person makes an affirmation by signing a declaration under § 1-1061.13, knowing that the facts stated in the filing are not true in any material respect;

(b) Any person convicted of making false statements shall be fined not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01 or imprisoned for not more than 180 days, or both. A violation of this section shall be prosecuted by the Attorney General for the District of Columbia or one of the Attorney General’s assistants.


(Dec. 1, 1982, D.C. Law 4-164, § 404, 29 DCR 3976; Aug. 20, 1994, D.C. Law 10-151, § 113(e), 41 DCR 2608; July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 3(e), 58 DCR 1720; June 5, 2012, D.C. Law 19-137, § 121(b), 59 DCR 2542; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 205(aa), 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 22-2514.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 4-251.03, § 4-1501.09, § 42-1102, § 47-3504, and § 47-3506.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 18-378, in subsec. (a), inserted “or if that person makes an affirmation by signing an entity filing or other document under Title 29 of the District of Columbia Official Code, knowing that the facts stated in the filing are not true in any material respect ”; and, in subsec. (b), added the second sentence.

D.C. Law 19-137, in subsec. (a), substituted “or if that person makes an affirmation by signing a declaration under § 1-1061.13, knowing that the facts stated in the filing are not true in any material respect” for “respect”.

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01” for “not more than $1,000” in (b).

Cross References

Adult protective services, penalties and enforcement, see § 7-1912.

Beneficial owners, directors, or officers of domestic stock insurance companies; statements required by, see § 31-603.

Class 1 or class 2 property certification, false statements, see § 42-1102.

Compulsory school attendance, penalty for failure to provide correct information, see § 361-206.

Financing statement or other filing, false statement, see § 41-204.

Firearms control, false information violating law, see § 7-2507.04.

Lower income homeownership tax abatement and incentives, false statements, see §§ 47-3504, 47-3506.

Medicaid Provider Fraud Prevention Act, civil penalties for violating, see § 4-803.

Medicaid Provider Fraud Prevention Act, penalties for violation, see § 4-802.

Motor vehicle liens, false statements as to liens on motor vehicles, see § 50-1215.

Motor vehicle registration, unlawful acts concerning, see § 50-1501.04.

No fault motor vehicle insurance, false statements relating to, see § 31-2413.

Partnership certificate execution, false statement, see § 33-202.04.

Probate and Administration of Decedent’s Estates, verification of writings required by Title 20, see § 20-102.

Professional engineers, unlawful acts, see § 47-2886.14.

Qualified lower income homeownership households, administration and enforcement of provisions, see § 47-3504.

Qualifying nonprofit housing organizations, administration and enforcement of provisions, see § 47-3506.

Real property assessment and tax, deductions from estimated market values of properties owned by single families or cooperative housing associations, false statements, see § 47-850.

Tax deed recordation, penalty for certain acts in relation to compromises and agreements concerning recordation tax on deeds, see § 42-1110.

Tuition required of nonresident attending public school in district, false statements, see § 38-303.

Unemployment compensation, penalty for false statements or representations, see § 51-119.

Veterinary medicine, prohibited acts concerning practice, see § 3-514.

Vital statistics, false reports, see § 7-225.

Wastewater control, falsifying information, see § 8-105.04.

Water pipes or sewers, false claims for compensation for repair, see § 8-205.

Workers’ compensation benefits or payment, penalty for false statement to obtain, see § 32-1533.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary amendment of section, see § 113(e) of the Omnibus Criminal Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 1994 (D.C. Act 10-255, June 22, 1994, 41 DCR 4286).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 121(b) of Comprehensive Military and Overseas Voters Accommodation Emergency Act of 2011 (D.C. Act 19-230, November 16, 2011, 58 DCR 9942).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 121(b) of Comprehensive Military and Overseas Voters Accommodation Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2012 (D.C. Act 19-310, February 22, 2012, 59 DCR 1688).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 205(aa) of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Temporary Legislation

Section 121(b) of D.C. Law 19-88, in subsec. (a), substituted “or if that person makes an affirmation by signing a declaration under section 113 of the Uniform Military and Overseas Voters Temporary Act of 2011, passed on 2nd reading on December 6, 2011 (Enrolled version of Bill 19-547), knowing that the facts stated in the filing are not true in any material respect.” for a period.

Section 302(b) of D.C. Law 19-88 provided that the act shall expire after 225 days of its having taken effect.

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.