Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter III. Sufficiency.


§ 23–321. Description of money.

In every indictment or information, except for forgery, in which it is necessary to make an averment as to any money or bank bill or notes, United States Treasury notes, postal and fractional currency, or other bills, bonds, or notes, issued by lawful authority and intended to pass and circulate as money, it shall be sufficient to describe such money, bills, notes, currency, or bonds simply as money, without specifying any particular coin, note, bill, or bond; and such allegation shall be sustained by proof that the accused has stolen or embezzled any amount of coin, or any such note, bill, currency, or bond, although the particular amount or species of such coin, note, bill, currency, or bond be not proved.


(July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 612, Pub. L. 91-358, title II, § 210(a).)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 23-321.

1973 Ed., § 23-321.


§ 23–322. Intent to defraud.

In an indictment or information in which it is necessary to allege an intent to defraud, it shall be sufficient to allege that the party accused did the act complained of with intent to defraud, without alleging an intent to defraud any particular person or body corporate. On the trial of such an indictment or information it shall not be necessary to prove an intent to defraud any particular person, but it shall be sufficient to prove a general intent to defraud.


(July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 612, Pub. L. 91-358, title II, § 210(a).)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 23-322.

1973 Ed., § 23-322.

Cross References

Forgery, see § 22-3241.

Fraud, see § 22-3821.


§ 23–323. Perjury.

In every information or indictment for perjury, it shall be sufficient to set forth the substance of the offense charged upon the defendant, and by what court, or before whom the oath was taken (averring such court, or person or persons, to have a competent authority to administer the same) together with the proper averment or averments to falsify the matter or matters wherein the perjury or perjuries is or are assigned; without setting forth the bill, answer, information, indictment, declaration, or any part of any record of proceeding either in law or equity, other than as aforesaid; and without setting forth the commission or authority of the court, or person or persons before whom the perjury was committed; any law, usage, or custom to the contrary notwithstanding.


(July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 612, Pub. L. 91-358, title II, § 210(a).)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 23-323.

1973 Ed., § 23-323.


§ 23–324. Subornation of perjury.

In every information or indictment for subornation of perjury, or for corrupt bargaining or contracting with others to commit perjury, it shall be sufficient to set forth the substance of the offense charged upon the defendant, without setting forth the bill, answer, information, indictment, declaration, or any part of any record or proceeding either in law or equity, and without setting forth the commission or authority of the court, or person or persons before whom the perjury was committed, or was agreed or promised to be committed, any law, usage, or custom to the contrary notwithstanding.


(July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 612, Pub. L. 91-358, title II, § 210(a); May 10, 2005, D.C. Law 15-356, § 3(a)(1), 52 DCR 1176.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 23-324.

1973 Ed., § 23-324.

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 15-356, in the section heading, substituted “subornation” for ’subordination“.