§ 28–4101. Definitions.
For the purposes of this chapter, the term:
(1) “Natural disaster” means the actual or imminent consequence of any disaster, catastrophe, or emergency, including fire, other than a fire caused by human error or arson, flood, earthquake, storm, or other serious act of nature, which threatens the health, safety, or welfare of persons or causes damage to property in the District of Columbia.
(2) “Normal average retail price” means:
(A) In the case of services, not more than 10% more than the price at which similar services were sold or offered in the Washington Metropolitan Area during the 90-day period that preceded an emergency that resulted from a natural disaster, if an emergency is declared pursuant to § 28-4102(b); or
(B) In the case of merchandise, the price equal to the wholesale cost plus a retail mark-up that is the same percentage over wholesale cost as the retail mark-up for similar merchandise sold in the Washington Metropolitan Area during the 90-day period that immediately preceded an emergency that resulted from a natural disaster, if an emergency has been declared pursuant to § 28-4102(b).
(3) “Person” means a corporation, firm, agency, company, association, organization, partnership, society, joint stock company, or an individual.
1981 Ed., § 28-4101.
§ 28–4102. Overcharging.
(a) It shall be unlawful for any person to charge more than the normal average retail price for any merchandise or service sold during an emergency that resulted from a natural disaster, if an emergency has been declared pursuant to subsection (b) of this section.
(b)(1) Within 48 hours of a natural disaster, the Mayor may declare, for not more than 30 calendar days, a state of emergency for the purposes of this act. The Mayor shall prepare an emergency declaration that shall include a description of the existence, nature, extent, and duration of the emergency.
(2) Upon the issuance of a declaration of an emergency or as soon as practicable given the nature of the emergency, the Mayor shall publish a copy of the emergency declaration in the District of Columbia Register and in 2 daily newspapers of general circulation.
1981 Ed., § 28-4102.
References in Text
“This act”, referred to in subsec. (b)(1), is D.C. Law 9-80.
§ 28–4103. Penalties.
(a)(1) A person who violates § 28-4102(a) shall be subject to a fine of not more than $1,000.
(2) The Mayor may revoke, suspend, or limit the license, permit, or certificate of occupancy of a person who violates § 28-4102(a).
(b) A violation of § 28-4102(a) shall be a civil infraction for the purposes of [Chapter 18 of Title 2]. Civil fines, penalties, and fees may be imposed as sanctions for any infraction, pursuant to Chapter 18 of Title 2. Adjudication of any infraction shall be pursuant to Chapter 18 of Title 2.
1981 Ed., § 28-4103.