Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter VII. Domestication.


§ 29–307.01. Domestication.

(a) A foreign business corporation may become a domestic business corporation only if the domestication is permitted by the organic law of the foreign corporation.

(b) A domestic business corporation may become a foreign business corporation if the domestication is permitted by the laws of the foreign jurisdiction. Regardless of whether the laws of the foreign jurisdiction require the adoption of a plan of domestication, the domestication shall be approved by the adoption by the corporation of a plan of domestication in the manner provided in this subchapter.

(c) The plan of domestication shall include:

(1) A statement of the jurisdiction in which the corporation is to be domesticated;

(2) The terms and conditions of the domestication;

(3) The manner and basis of reclassifying the shares of the corporation following its domestication into shares or other securities, obligations, rights to acquire shares or other securities, money, other property, or any combination of the foregoing; and

(4) Any desired amendments to the articles of incorporation of the corporation following its domestication.

(d) The plan of domestication may also include a provision that the plan may be amended prior to filing the document required by the laws of the District or the other jurisdiction to consummate the domestication; provided, that subsequent to approval of the plan by the shareholders, the plan shall not be amended to change:

(1) The amount or kind of shares or other securities, obligations, rights to acquire shares or other securities, money, or other property to be received by the shareholders under the plan;

(2) The articles of incorporation as they will be in effect immediately following the domestication, except for changes permitted by § 29-308.05 or by comparable provisions of the laws of the other jurisdiction; or

(3) Any of the other terms or conditions of the plan if the change would adversely affect any of the shareholders in any material respect.

(e) Terms of a plan of domestication may be made dependent upon facts objectively ascertainable outside the plan in accordance with § 29-301.04.

(f) If any debt security, note, or similar evidence of indebtedness for money borrowed, whether secured or unsecured, or a contract of any kind, issued, incurred, or signed by a domestic business corporation before the effective date of this chapter contains a provision applying to a merger of the corporation and the document does not refer to a domestication of the corporation, the provision shall be deemed to apply to a domestication of the corporation until such time as the provision shall be amended subsequent to that date.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(c)(21), 59 DCR 13171.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 substituted “money” for “cash” in (c)(3) and (d)(1); and substituted “signed” for “executed” in (f).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.


§ 29–307.02. Action on a plan of domestication.

(a) In the case of a domestication of a domestic business corporation in a foreign jurisdiction, the following rules apply:

(1) The plan of domestication shall be adopted by the board of directors.

(2) After adopting the plan of domestication, the board of directors shall submit the plan to the shareholders for their approval. The board of directors shall also transmit to the shareholders a recommendation that the shareholders approve the plan, unless the board of directors makes a determination that because of conflicts of interest or other special circumstances, it should not make such a recommendation, in which case the board of directors shall transmit to the shareholders the basis for that determination.

(3) The board of directors may condition its submission of the plan of domestication to the shareholders on any basis.

(4) If the approval of the shareholders is to be given at a meeting, the corporation shall notify each shareholder, whether or not entitled to vote, of the meeting of shareholders at which the plan of domestication is to be submitted for approval. The notice shall state that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the meeting is to consider the plan and shall contain or be accompanied by a copy or summary of the plan. The notice shall include or be accompanied by a copy of the articles of incorporation as they will be in effect immediately after the domestication.

(5) Unless the articles of incorporation, or the board of directors acting pursuant to paragraph (3) of this subsection, requires a greater vote or a greater number of votes to be present, approval of the plan of domestication requires the approval of the shareholders at a meeting at which a quorum consisting of at least a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on the plan exists, and, if any class or series of shares is entitled to vote as a separate group on the plan, the approval of each such separate voting group at a meeting at which a quorum of the voting group consisting of at least a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on the domestication by that voting group exists.

(6) Separate voting by voting groups shall be required by each class or series of shares that:

(A) Are to be reclassified under the plan of domestication into other securities, obligations, rights to acquire shares or other securities, cash, other property, or any combination of the foregoing;

(B) Would be entitled to vote as a separate group on a provision of the plan that, if contained in a proposed amendment to articles of incorporation, would require action by separate voting groups under § 29-308.04; or

(C) Is entitled under the articles of incorporation to vote as a voting group to approve an amendment of the articles.

(7) If any provision of the articles of incorporation, bylaws, or an agreement to which any of the directors or shareholders are parties, adopted, or entered into before the effective date of this chapter, applies to a merger of the corporation and that document does not refer to a domestication of the corporation, the provision shall apply to a domestication of the corporation until such time as the provision is amended subsequent to that date.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)


§ 29–307.03. Articles of domestication.

(a) After the domestication of a foreign business corporation has been authorized as required by the laws of the foreign jurisdiction, articles of domestication must be signed by any officer or other duly authorized representative. The articles shall set forth:

(1) The name of the corporation immediately before the filing of the articles of domestication and, if that name is unavailable for use in the District or the corporation desires to change its name in connection with the domestication, a name that satisfies the requirements of § 29-103.02(a);

(2) The jurisdiction of incorporation of the corporation immediately before the filing of the articles of domestication and the date the corporation was incorporated in that jurisdiction; and

(3) A statement that the domestication of the corporation in the District was duly authorized as required by the laws of the jurisdiction in which the corporation was incorporated immediately before its domestication in the District.

(b)(1) The articles of domestication shall contain:

(A) All of the provisions that § 29-302.02(a) requires to be set forth in articles of incorporation and any other desired provisions that § 29-302.02(b) permits to be included in articles of incorporation; or

(B) Have attached articles of incorporation.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1) of this subsection, provisions that would not be required to be included in restated articles of incorporation may be omitted.

(c) The articles of domestication shall be delivered to the Mayor for filing and take effect at the effective time provided in § 29-102.03.

(d) If the foreign corporation is authorized to do business in the District under subchapter V of Chapter 1 of this title, its certificate of registration shall be canceled automatically on the effective date of its domestication.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)


§ 29–307.04. Surrender of charter upon domestication.

(a) Whenever a domestic business corporation has adopted and approved, in the manner required by this subchapter, a plan of domestication providing for the corporation to be domesticated in a foreign jurisdiction, articles of charter surrender shall be signed on behalf of the corporation by any officer or other duly authorized representative. The articles of charter surrender shall set forth:

(1) The name of the corporation;

(2) A statement that the articles of charter surrender are being filed in connection with the domestication of the corporation in a foreign jurisdiction;

(3) A statement that the domestication was duly approved by the shareholders and, if voting by any separate voting group was required, by each such separate voting group, in the manner required by this chapter and the articles of incorporation; and

(4) The corporation’s new jurisdiction of incorporation.

(b) The articles of charter surrender shall be delivered by the corporation to the Mayor for filing. The articles of charter surrender shall be effective on the effective time provided in § 29-102.03.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)


§ 29–307.05. Effect of domestication.

(a) When a domestication becomes effective:

(1) The title to all real and personal property, both tangible and intangible, of the corporation shall remain in the corporation without reversion or impairment;

(2) The liabilities of the corporation shall remain the liabilities of the corporation;

(3) An action or proceeding pending against the corporation shall continue against the corporation as if the domestication had not occurred;

(4) The articles of domestication, or the articles of incorporation attached to the articles of domestication, shall constitute the articles of incorporation of a foreign corporation domesticating in the District;

(5) The shares of the corporation shall be reclassified into shares, other securities, obligations, rights to acquire shares or other securities, or into cash or other property in accordance with the terms of the domestication, and the shareholders shall be entitled only to the rights provided by those terms and to any appraisal rights they may have under the organic law of the domesticating corporation; and

(6) The corporation shall be deemed to:

(A) Be incorporated under and subject to the organic law of the domesticated corporation for all purposes;

(B) Be the same corporation without interruption as the domesticating corporation; and

(C) Have been incorporated on the date the domesticating corporation was originally incorporated.

(b) When a domestication of a domestic business corporation in a foreign jurisdiction becomes effective:

(1) In a proceeding to enforce the rights of shareholders that exercise appraisal rights in connection with the domestication, service of process may be made on the foreign business corporation in accordance with § 29-104.12; and

(2) The foreign business corporation shall be deemed to agree that it will promptly pay the amount, if any, to which such shareholders are entitled under subchapter XI of this chapter.

(c) The owner liability of a shareholder in a foreign corporation that is domesticated in the District shall be as follows:

(1) The domestication shall not discharge any owner liability under the laws of the foreign jurisdiction to the extent any such owner liability arose before the effective time of the articles of domestication.

(2) The shareholder shall not have owner liability under the laws of the foreign jurisdiction for any debt, obligation, or liability of the corporation that arises after the effective time of the articles of domestication.

(3) The laws of the foreign jurisdiction shall continue to apply to the collection or discharge of any owner liability preserved by paragraph (1) of this subsection, as if the domestication had not occurred.

(4) The shareholder shall have whatever rights of contribution from other shareholders are provided by the laws of the foreign jurisdiction with respect to any owner liability preserved by paragraph (1) of this subsection, as if the domestication had not occurred.

(d) A shareholder that becomes subject to owner liability for some or all of the debts, obligations, or liabilities of the corporation as a result of its domestication in the District shall have owner liability only for those debts, obligations, or liabilities of the corporation that arise after the effective time of the articles of domestication.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)


§ 29–307.06. Abandonment of a domestication.

(a) Unless otherwise provided in a plan of domestication of a domestic business corporation, after the plan has been adopted and approved as required by this subchapter, and at any time before the domestication has become effective, it may be abandoned by the board of directors without action by the shareholders.

(b) If a domestication is abandoned under subsection (a) of this section after articles of charter surrender have been delivered to the Mayor for filing but before the domestication has become effective, a statement that the domestication has been abandoned in accordance with this section, signed by an officer or other duly authorized representative, shall be delivered to the Mayor for filing prior to the effective date of the domestication. The statement shall be effective upon filing and the domestication shall be deemed abandoned and shall not become effective.

(c) If the domestication of a foreign business corporation in the District is abandoned in accordance with the laws of the foreign jurisdiction after articles of domestication have been delivered to the Mayor for filing, a statement that the domestication has been abandoned, signed by an officer or other duly authorized representative, shall be delivered to the Mayor for filing. The statement shall be effective upon filing and the domestication shall be deemed abandoned and shall not become effective.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(c)(22), 59 DCR 13171.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 substituted “delivered to the Mayor for filing” for “filed with the Mayor” in (b) and (c).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.