Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter XIII. Records and Reports.


Part A. Records.

§ 29–313.01. Corporate records.

(a) A corporation shall keep as permanent records minutes of all meetings of its shareholders and board of directors, a record of all actions taken by the shareholders or board of directors without a meeting, and a record of all actions taken by a committee of the board of directors in place of the board of directors on behalf of the corporation.

(b) A corporation shall maintain appropriate accounting records.

(c) A corporation or its agent shall maintain a record of its shareholders, in a form that permits preparation of a list of the names and addresses of all shareholders, in alphabetical order by class of shares showing the number and class of shares held by each.

(d) A corporation shall maintain its records in written form or in another form capable of conversion into written form within a reasonable time.

(e) A corporation shall keep a copy of the following records at its principal office:

(1) Its articles or restated articles of incorporation, all amendments to them currently in effect, and any notices to shareholders referred to in § 29-301.04 regarding facts on which a filed document is dependent;

(2) Its bylaws or restated bylaws and all amendments to them currently in effect;

(3) Resolutions adopted by its board of directors creating one or more classes or series of shares, and fixing their relative rights, preferences, and limitations, if shares issued pursuant to those resolutions are outstanding;

(4) The minutes of all shareholders’ meetings, and records of all action taken by shareholders without a meeting, for the past 3 years;

(5) All written communications to shareholders generally within the past 3 years, including the financial statements furnished for the past 3 years under § 29-313.07;

(6) A list of the names and business addresses of its current directors and officers; and

(7) Its most recent biennial report delivered to the Mayor under § 29-102.11.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-301.03, § 29-306.40, and § 29-313.02.

Cross References

Production of books and papers, quo warranto, see § 16-3547.


§ 29–313.02. Inspection of records by shareholders.

(a) A shareholder of a corporation shall be entitled to inspect and copy, during regular business hours at the corporation’s principal office, any of the records of the corporation described in § 29-313.01(e) if the shareholder gives the corporation notice in a record of the shareholder’s demand at least 5 business days before the date on which the shareholder wishes to inspect and copy.

(b) A shareholder of a corporation shall be entitled to inspect and copy, during regular business hours at a reasonable location specified by the corporation, any of the following records of the corporation if the shareholder meets the requirements of subsection (c) of this section and gives the corporation notice in a record of the shareholder’s demand at least 5 business days before the date on which the shareholder wishes to inspect and copy:

(1) Excerpts from minutes of any meeting of the board of directors, records of any action of a committee of the board of directors while acting in place of the board of directors on behalf of the corporation, minutes of any meeting of the shareholders, and records of action taken by the shareholders or board of directors without a meeting, to the extent not subject to inspection under § 29-313.02(a);

(2) Accounting records of the corporation; and

(3) The record of shareholders.

(c) A shareholder may inspect and copy the records described in subsection (b) of this section only if:

(1) The shareholder’s demand is made in good faith and for a proper purpose;

(2) The shareholder describes with reasonable particularity the shareholder’s purpose and the records the shareholder desires to inspect; and

(3) The records are directly connected with the shareholder’s purpose.

(d) The right of inspection granted by this section shall not be abolished or limited by a corporation’s articles of incorporation or bylaws.

(e) This section shall not affect:

(1) The right of a shareholder to inspect records under § 29-305.20 or, if the shareholder is in litigation with the corporation, to the same extent as any other litigant; or

(2) The power of the Superior Court, independently of this chapter, to compel the production of corporate records for examination.

(f) For purposes of this section, the term “shareholder” includes a beneficial owner whose shares are held in a voting trust or by a nominee on the shareholder’s behalf.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(c)(34), 59 DCR 13171.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-305.20, § 29-313.03, and § 29-313.04.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 substituted “notice in a record” for “written notice” in (a) and (b).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.


§ 29–313.03. Scope of inspection right.

(a) A shareholder’s agent or attorney shall have the same inspection and copying rights as the shareholder represented.

(b) The right to copy records under § 29-313.02 includes, if reasonable, the right to receive copies by xerographic or other means, including copies through an electronic transmission if available and so requested by the shareholder.

(c) The corporation may comply at its expense with a shareholder’s demand to inspect the record of shareholders under § 29-313.02(b)(3) by providing the shareholder with a list of shareholders that was compiled no earlier than the date of the shareholder’s demand.

(d) The corporation may impose a reasonable charge, covering the costs of labor and material, for copies of any documents provided to the shareholder. The charge shall not exceed the estimated cost of production, reproduction, or transmission of the records.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)


§ 29–313.04. Court-ordered inspection.

(a) If a corporation does not allow a shareholder that complies with § 29-313.02(a) to inspect and copy any records required by that subsection to be available for inspection, the Superior Court may summarily order inspection and copying of the records demanded at the corporation’s expense upon application of the shareholder.

(b) If a corporation does not within a reasonable time allow a shareholder to inspect and copy any other record, the shareholder that complies with § 29-313.02(b) and (c) may apply to the Superior Court for an order to permit inspection and copying of the records demanded. The court shall dispose of an application under this subsection on an expedited basis.

(c) If the Superior Court orders inspection and copying of the records demanded, it shall also order the corporation to pay the shareholder’s expenses incurred to obtain the order unless the corporation proves that it refused inspection in good faith because it had a reasonable basis for doubt about the right of the shareholder to inspect the records demanded.

(d) If the Superior Court orders inspection and copying of the records demanded, it may impose reasonable restrictions on the use or distribution of the records by the demanding shareholder.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)


§ 29–313.05. Inspection of records by directors.

(a) A director of a corporation shall be entitled to inspect and copy the books, records and documents of the corporation at any reasonable time to the extent reasonably related to the performance of the director’s duties as a director, including duties as a member of a committee, but not for any other purpose or in any manner that would violate any duty to the corporation.

(b) The Superior Court may order inspection and copying of the books, records, and documents at the corporation’s expense, upon application of a director who has been refused such inspection rights, unless the corporation establishes that the director is not entitled to such inspection rights. The court shall dispose of an application under this subsection on an expedited basis.

(c) If an order is issued, the Superior Court may include provisions protecting the corporation from undue burden or expense, and prohibiting the director from using information obtained upon exercise of the inspection rights in a manner that would violate a duty to the corporation, and may also order the corporation to reimburse the director for the director’s expenses incurred in connection with the application.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)


§ 29–313.06. Exception to notice requirement.

(a) Whenever notice is required to be given under any provision of this chapter to any shareholder, the notice shall not be required to be given if:

(1) Notice of 2 consecutive annual meetings, and all notices of meetings during the period between such 2 consecutive annual meetings, have been sent to such shareholder at such shareholder’s address as shown on the records of the corporation and have been returned undeliverable; or

(2) All, but not less than 2, payments of dividends on securities during a 12-month period, or 2 consecutive payments of dividends on securities during a period of more than 12 months, have been sent to such shareholder at such shareholder’s address as shown on the records of the corporation and have been returned undeliverable.

(b) If any such shareholder delivers to the corporation a written notice setting forth the shareholder’s then-current address, the requirement that notice be given to the shareholder is reinstated.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)


Part B. Reports.

§ 29–313.07. Financial statements for shareholders.

(a) A corporation shall deliver to its shareholders annual financial statements, which may be consolidated or combined statements of the corporation and one or more of its subsidiaries, as appropriate, that include a balance sheet as of the end of the fiscal year, an income statement for that year, and a statement of changes in shareholders’ equity for the year unless that information appears elsewhere in the financial statements. If financial statements are prepared for the corporation on the basis of generally accepted accounting principles, the annual financial statements shall also be prepared on that basis.

(b) If the annual financial statements are reported upon by a public accountant, the report shall accompany them. If not, the statements shall be accompanied by a statement of the president or the person responsible for the corporation’s accounting records:

(1) Stating such person’s reasonable belief whether the statements were prepared on the basis of generally accepted accounting principles and, if not, describing the basis of preparation; and

(2) Describing any respects in which the statements were not prepared on a basis of accounting consistent with the statements prepared for the preceding year.

(c) A corporation shall mail the annual financial statements to each shareholder within 120 days after the close of each fiscal year. Thereafter, on written request from a shareholder that was not sent the statements, the corporation shall mail the shareholder the latest financial statements.

(d) A public corporation may fulfill its responsibilities under this section by delivering the specified financial statements or otherwise making them available in any manner permitted by the applicable rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(c)(35), 59 DCR 13171.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-311.10, § 29-311.14, and § 29-313.01.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 substituted “sent” for “mailed” in (c); and added (d).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.