Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter X. Merger.


§ 29–710.01. Definitions.

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term:

(1) “Constituent limited partnership” means a domestic or foreign limited partnership that is a party to a merger.

(2) “Governing statute” of a domestic or foreign limited partnership means the statute that governs the partnership’s internal affairs.

(3) “Personal liability” means personal liability for a debt, liability, or other obligation of a limited partnership which is imposed on a person that co-owns, has an interest in, or is a member of the limited partnership by the limited partnership’s:

(A) Governing statute solely by reason of the person co-owning, having an interest in, or being a member of the limited partnership; or

(B) Certificate of limited partnership and partnership agreement under a provision of the limited partnership’s governing statute authorizing those documents to make one or more specified persons liable for all or specified debts, liabilities, and other obligations of the limited partnership solely by reason of the person or persons co-owning, having an interest in, or being a member of the limited partnership.

(4) “Surviving limited partnership” means a domestic or foreign limited partnership into which one or more other domestic or foreign limited partnerships are merged. A surviving limited partnership may preexist the merger or be created by the merger.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 1101 of the Uniform Limited Partnership Act (2001 Act).


§ 29–710.02. Merger.

(a) A limited partnership may merge with one or more other domestic or foreign limited partnerships and 2 or more foreign limited partnerships may merge into a domestic limited partnership pursuant to this section, §§ 29-710.03 through 29-710.05, and a plan of merger, if:

(1) The governing statute of each of the other constituent limited partnerships authorizes the merger; and

(2) Each of the other constituent limited partnerships complies with its governing statute in effecting the merger.

(b) A plan of merger shall be in a record and shall include:

(1) The name of each constituent limited partnership;

(2) The name of the surviving limited partnership and, if the surviving limited partnership is to be created by the merger, a statement to that effect;

(3) The terms and conditions of the merger, including the manner and basis for converting the interests in each constituent limited partnership into any combination of money, interests in the surviving limited partnership, interests in any other organization, and other consideration;

(4) If the surviving limited partnership is to be created by the merger, the certificate of limited partnership and partnership agreement of the surviving limited partnership; and

(5) If the surviving limited partnership is not to be created by the merger, any amendments to be made by the merger to the certificate of limited partnership and partnership agreement of the surviving limited partnership.

(c) A merger in which a limited partnership and another form of entity are parties shall be governed by Chapter 2 of this title.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 1106 of the Uniform Limited Partnership Act (2001 Act).


§ 29–710.03. Action on plan of merger by constituent limited partnership.

(a) Subject to § 29-710.06, a plan of merger shall be consented to by all the partners of a constituent limited partnership.

(b) Subject to § 29-710.06 and any contractual rights, after a merger is approved, and at any time before a filing is made under § 29-710.04, a constituent limited partnership may amend the plan or abandon the planned merger:

(1) As provided in the plan; and

(2) Except as prohibited by the plan, with the same consent as was required to approve the plan.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-710.02.

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 1107 of the Uniform Limited Partnership Act (2001 Act).


§ 29–710.04. Filings required for merger; effective date.

(a) After each constituent limited partnership has approved a merger, articles of merger shall be signed on behalf of each preexisting:

(1) Domestic limited partnership, by each general partner listed in the certificate of limited partnership; and

(2) Foreign limited partnership, by an authorized representative.

(b) The articles of merger shall include:

(1) The name of each constituent limited partnership and the jurisdiction of its governing statute;

(2) The name of the surviving limited partnership, the jurisdiction of its governing statute, and, if the surviving limited partnership is created by the merger, a statement to that effect;

(3) The date the merger is effective under the governing statute of the surviving limited partnership;

(4) If the surviving limited partnership is to be created by the merger, its certificate of limited partnership;

(5) If the surviving limited partnership preexists the merger, any amendments provided for in the plan of merger to its certificate of limited partnership;

(6) A statement as to each constituent limited partnership that the merger was approved as required by the limited partnership’s governing statute;

(7) If the surviving limited partnership is a foreign limited partnership not authorized to do business in the District, the street and mailing address of an office which the Mayor may use for the purposes of § 29-710.05(b); and

(8) Any additional information required by the governing statute of any constituent limited partnership.

(c) Each constituent limited partnership shall deliver the articles of merger for filing with the Mayor.

(d) A merger shall be effective under this subchapter upon the later of:

(1) Compliance with subsection (c) of this section; or

(2) Subject to subchapter II of Chapter 2 of this title, as specified in the articles of merger.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-702.04, § 29-710.03, and § 29-710.05.

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 1108 of the Uniform Limited Partnership Act (2001 Act).


§ 29–710.05. Effect of merger.

(a) When a merger becomes effective:

(1) The surviving limited partnership shall continue or come into existence;

(2) Each constituent limited partnership that merges into the surviving limited partnership shall cease to exist as a separate entity;

(3) All property owned by each constituent limited partnership that ceases to exist shall vest in the surviving limited partnership;

(4) All debts, liabilities, and other obligations of each constituent limited partnership that ceases to exist shall be the obligations of the surviving limited partnership;

(5) An action or proceeding pending by or against any constituent limited partnership that ceases to exist may be continued as if the merger had not occurred;

(6) Except as prohibited by other law, all of the rights, privileges, immunities, powers, and purposes of each constituent limited partnership that ceases to exist shall vest in the surviving limited partnership;

(7) Except as otherwise provided in the plan of merger, the terms and conditions of the plan of merger shall take effect;

(8) Except as otherwise agreed, if a constituent limited partnership ceases to exist, the merger shall not dissolve the limited partnership for the purposes of subchapter VIII of this chapter;

(9) If the surviving limited partnership is created by the merger, its certificate of limited partnership shall become effective; and

(10) If the surviving limited partnership preexists the merger, any amendments provided for in the articles of merger to its certificate of limited partnership and partnership agreement shall become effective.

(b) A surviving limited partnership that is a foreign limited partnership consents to the jurisdiction of the Superior Court to enforce any obligation owed by a constituent limited partnership, if before the conversion the constituent limited partnership was subject to suit in the District on that obligation. A surviving limited partnership that is a foreign limited partnership and not authorized to do business in the District may be served with process at the address required in the articles of merger under § 29-710.04(b)(7).


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-710.04.

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 1109 of the Uniform Limited Partnership Act (2001 Act).


§ 29–710.06. Restrictions on approval of mergers and on relinquishing limited liability limited partnership status.

(a) If a partner of a constituent limited partnership will have personal liability with respect to any organization as a result of a merger, approval and amendment of a plan of merger shall be ineffective without the consent of that partner, unless:

(1) The limited partnership’s partnership agreement provides for the approval of the merger with the consent of less than all the partners; and

(2) The partner has consented to the provision of the partnership agreement.

(b) An amendment to a certificate of limited partnership which deletes a statement that the limited partnership is a limited liability limited partnership shall be ineffective without the consent of each general partner unless:

(1) The limited partnership’s partnership agreement provides for the amendment with the consent of less than all the general partners; and

(2) Each general partner that does not consent to the amendment has consented to the provision of the partnership agreement.

(c) A partner shall not give the consent required by subsection (a) or (b) of this section merely by consenting to a provision of the partnership agreement which permits the partnership agreement to be amended with the consent of fewer than all the partners.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-701.07, § 29-704.06, and § 29-710.03.

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 1110 of the Uniform Limited Partnership Act (2001 Act).


§ 29–710.07. Liability of general partner after merger.

(a) A merger under this article shall not discharge any liability under §§ 29-704.04 and 29-706.07 of a person that was a general partner in or dissociated as a general partner from a constituent limited partnership, but:

(1) The provisions of this chapter pertaining to the collection or discharge of that liability shall continue to apply to that liability;

(2) For the purposes of applying those provisions, the surviving limited partnership shall be deemed to be the constituent limited partnership; and

(3) If a person is required to pay any amount under this subsection:

(A) The person shall have a right of contribution from each other person that was liable as a general partner under § 29-704.04 when the obligation was incurred and has not been released from the obligation under § 29-706.07; and

(B) The contribution due from each of those persons shall be in proportion to the right to receive distributions in the capacity of general partner in effect for each of those persons when the obligation was incurred.

(b) In addition to any other liability provided by law:

(1) A person that immediately before a merger became effective was a general partner in a constituent limited partnership that was not a limited liability limited partnership shall be personally liable for each obligation of the surviving limited partnership arising from a transaction with a third party after the merger becomes effective if, at the time the third party enters into the transaction, the third party:

(A) Does not have notice of the merger; and

(B) Reasonably believes that:

(i) The surviving business is the constituent limited partnership;

(ii) The constituent limited partnership is not a limited liability limited partnership; and

(iii) The person is a general partner in the constituent limited partnership; and

(2) A person that was dissociated as a general partner from a constituent limited partnership before the merger became effective shall be personally liable for each obligation of the surviving limited partnership arising from a transaction with a third party after the merger becomes effective if:

(A) Immediately before the merger became effective, the surviving limited partnership was not a limited liability limited partnership; and

(B) At the time the third party enters into the transaction, less than 2 years have passed since the person dissociated as a general partner and the third party:

(i) Does not have notice of the dissociation;

(ii) Does not have notice of the merger; and

(iii) Reasonably believes that the surviving limited partnership is the constituent limited partnership, the constituent limited partnership is not a limited liability limited partnership, and the person is a general partner in the constituent limited partnership.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 1111 of the Uniform Limited Partnership Act (2001 Act).


§ 29–710.08. Power of general partners and persons dissociated as general partners to bind limited partnership after merger.

(a) An act of a person that immediately before a merger became effective was a general partner in a constituent limited partnership shall bind the surviving limited partnership after the merger becomes effective if:

(1) Before the merger became effective, the act would have bound the constituent limited partnership under § 29-704.02; and

(2) At the time the third party enters into the transaction, the third party:

(A) Does not have notice of the merger; and

(B) Reasonably believes that the surviving business is the constituent limited partnership and that the person is a general partner in the constituent limited partnership.

(b) An act of a person that before a merger became effective was dissociated as a general partner from a constituent limited partnership shall bind the surviving limited partnership after the merger becomes effective if:

(1) Before the merger became effective, the act would have bound the constituent limited partnership under § 29-704.02 if the person had been a general partner; and

(2) At the time the third party enters into the transaction, less than 2 years have passed since the person dissociated as a general partner and the third party:

(A) Does not have notice of the dissociation;

(B) Does not have notice of the merger; and

(C) Reasonably believes that the surviving limited partnership is the constituent limited partnership and that the person is a general partner in the constituent limited partnership.

(c) If a person having knowledge of the merger causes a surviving limited partnership to incur an obligation under subsection (a) or (b) of this section, the person shall be liable:

(1) To the surviving limited partnership for any damage caused to the surviving limited partnership arising from the obligation; and

(2) If another person is liable for the obligation, to that other person for any damage caused to that other person arising from that liability.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720.)

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 1112 of the Uniform Limited Partnership Act (2001 Act).