Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter II. Formation; Certificate of Organization, and Other Filings.


§ 29–802.01. Formation of limited liability company; certificate of organization.

(a) One or more persons may act as organizers to form a limited liability company by signing and delivering to the Mayor for filing a certificate of organization.

(b) A certificate of organization shall state:

(1) The name of the limited liability company, which shall comply with §§ 29-103.01 and 29-103.02(f);

(2) The street and mailing addresses of the initial principal office and the name and street and information required by § 29-104.04; and

(3) If the company will have one or more series that is treated as a separate entity which limits the debts, obligations, and other liabilities to the assets of a particular series as provided in the operating agreement as authorized by § 29-802.06, a statement to that effect.

(c) Subject to § 29-801.09(c), a certificate of organization may also contain statements as to matters other than those required by subsection (b) of this subsection [section] but may not vary or otherwise affect the provisions of § 29-801.07(c) in a manner inconsistent with that section. However, a statement in a certificate of organization shall not be effective as a statement of authority.

(d) A limited liability company is formed when the Mayor has filed the company’s certificate of organization and it becomes effective and at least one person becomes a member.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(a), 59 DCR 13171.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-101.06, § 29-801.02, § 29-802.02, and § 29-802.06.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 rewrote (c) and (d); and repealed (e) which read “If a filed certificate of organization contains a statement as provided in subsection (b)(3) of this section, the following rules shall apply: (1) The certificate shall lapse and be void unless, within 90 days from the date the Mayor files the certificate, an organizer signs and delivers to the Mayor for filing a notice stating: (A) That the limited liability company has at least one member; and (B) The date on which a person or persons became the company’s initial member or members. (2) If an organizer complies with paragraph (1) of this subsection, a limited liability company shall be deemed formed as of the date of initial membership stated in the notice delivered pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection. (3) Except in a proceeding by the District to dissolve a limited liability company, the filing of the notice described in paragraph (1) of this subsection by the Mayor shall be conclusive proof that the organizer satisfied all conditions to the formation of a limited liability company.”

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 201 of the Uniform Limited Company Act (2006 Act).

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.


§ 29–802.02. Amendment or restatement of certificate of organization.

(a) A certificate of organization may be amended or restated at any time.

(b) To amend its certificate of organization, a limited liability company shall deliver to the Mayor for filing an amendment stating:

(1) The name of the company;

(2) The date of filing of its initial certificate of organization; and

(3) The changes the amendment makes to the certificate as most recently amended or restated.

(c) To restate its certificate of organization, a limited liability company shall deliver to the Mayor for filing a restatement, designated as such in its heading.

(d) If a member of a member-managed limited liability company, or a manager of a manager-managed limited liability company, knows that any information in a filed certificate of organization was inaccurate when the certificate was filed or has become inaccurate owing to changed circumstances, the member or manager shall promptly:

(1) Cause the certificate to be amended; or

(2) If appropriate, deliver to the Mayor for filing a statement of change under §§ 29-104.07 through 29-104.10 or a statement of correction under § 29-102.05.

(e) A limited liability company may amend its certificate of organization to delete the information required by § 29-802.01(b)(2) at any time after it has filed its first biennial report under § 29-102.11.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(h)(3)(B), 59 DCR 13171.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-802.05.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 substituted “initial certificate” for “certificate” in (b)(2); deleted “stating” following “heading” at the end of (c) and substituted a closing period for the semicolon; repealed (c)(1) through (c)(3); repealed (d), which read: “Subject to §§ 29-801.09(c) and 29-802.05(c), an amendment to or restatement of a certificate of organization shall be effective when filed by the Mayor.”; and redesignated former (e) and (f) as (d) and (e), respectively.

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 202 of the Uniform Limited Company Act (2006 Act).

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.


§ 29–802.03. Signing of records to be delivered for filing to Mayor.

(a) A record delivered to the Mayor for filing pursuant to this chapter must be signed as follows:

(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (2) and (3) of this subsection, a record signed on behalf of a limited liability company shall be signed by a person authorized by the company.

(2) A limited liability company’s initial certificate of organization shall be signed by at least one person acting as an organizer.

(3) A record filed on behalf of a dissolved limited liability company that has no members shall be signed by the person winding up the company’s activities and affairs under § 29-807.02(c) or a person appointed under § 29-807.02(d) to wind up those activities and affairs.

(4) A statement of denial by a person under § 29-803.03 shall be signed by that person.

(5) Any other record delivered to the Mayor for filing on behalf of a person shall be signed by that person.

(b) A person that signs a record as an agent or legal representative thereby affirms that the person is authorized to sign the record.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(h)(3)(C), 59 DCR 13171.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-809.04.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 rewrote the section.

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 203 of the Uniform Limited Company Act (2006 Act).

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.


§ 29–802.04. Signing and filing pursuant to judicial order.

(a) If a person required by this chapter to sign a record or deliver a record to the Mayor for filing under this chapter does not do so, any other person that is aggrieved may petition the Superior Court to order:

(1) The person to sign the record;

(2) The person to deliver the record to the Mayor for filing; or

(3) The Mayor to file the record unsigned.

(b) If a petitioner under subsection (a) of this section is not the limited liability company or foreign limited liability company to which the record pertains, the petitioner shall make the company a party to the action.

(c) A record filed under subsection (a)(3) of this section is effective without being signed.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(h)(3)(D), 59 DCR 13171.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-801.07 and § 29-802.05.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 added (c).

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 204 of the Uniform Limited Company Act (2006 Act).

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.


§ 29–802.05. Liability for inaccurate information in filed record.

(a) If a record delivered to the Mayor for filing under this chapter and filed by the Mayor contains inaccurate information, a person that suffers a loss by reliance on the information may recover damages for the loss from:

(1) A person that signed the record, or caused another to sign it on the person’s behalf, and knew the information to be inaccurate at the time the record was signed; and

(2) Subject to subsection (b) of this section, a member of a member-managed limited liability company or the manager of a manager-managed limited liability company, if:

(A) The record was delivered for filing on behalf of the company; and

(B) The member or manager had notice of the inaccuracy for a reasonably sufficient time before the information was relied upon so that, before the reliance, the member or manager reasonably could have:

(i) Effected an amendment under § 29-802.02;

(ii) Filed a petition under § 29-802.04; or

(iii) Delivered to the Mayor for filing a statement of change under §§ 29-104.07 through 29-104.10 or a statement of correction under § 29-102.05.

(b) To the extent that the operating agreement of a member-managed limited liability company expressly relieves a member of responsibility for maintaining the accuracy of information contained in records delivered on behalf of the company to the Mayor for filing under this chapter and imposes that responsibility on one or more other members, the liability stated in subsection (a)(2) of this section shall apply to those other members and not to the member that the operating agreement relieves of the responsibility.

(c) An individual who signs a record authorized or required to be filed under this chapter affirms under penalty of making false statements that the information stated in the record is accurate.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(h)(3)(E), 59 DCR 13171.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-803.02 and § 29-809.04.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 substituted “making false statements” for “perjury” in (c).

Editor's Notes

Uniform Law: This section is based on § 207 of the Uniform Limited Company Act (2006 Act).

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.


§ 29–802.06. Series of members, managers, or interests of limited liability company.

(a) The operating agreement may establish one or more designated series of members, managers, or interests of a limited liability company, in which the members, managers, or interest holders have separate rights, powers, or duties with respect to specified property or obligations of the limited liability company.

(b) The debts, obligations, and other liabilities of a series of a limited liability company, whether arising in contract, tort, or otherwise, shall be solely the debts, obligations, and liabilities of the series and not of the limited liability company generally or any other series thereof; provided, that:

(1) Separate and distinct records are maintained for the limited liability company and each series;

(2) Assets associated with the limited liability company and each series are held, directly or indirectly, including through a nominee or otherwise, and accounted for separately in the separate and distinct records;

(3) The certificate of organization states that the debts, obligations, and other liabilities of the series are limited as provided in this subsection; and

(4) The limited liability company has delivered to the Mayor for filing and paid the requisite fee for a certificate of series designation as provided in subsection (e) of this section for each series so designated whose debts, obligations, and other liabilities are limited under this subsection.

(c) A statement in the certificate or organization in compliance with subsection (b)(3) of this section shall be notice of the limitation on liabilities of a series of a limited liability company and shall be sufficient for all purposes of subsection (b) of this section regardless of whether the limited liability company has established any series when such notice is included in the certificate or whether a series has any members.

(d) A certificate of series designation of a series of a limited liability company shall state:

(1) A different name for each series that contains the entire name of the limited liability company but otherwise complies with §§ 29-103.01 and 29-103.02(f); and

(2) A street and mailing address of the principal office and name and mailing address of a registered agent, if either is different from that specified for the limited liability company.

(e) A series of a limited liability company shall be formed when the Mayor files the certificate of series designation, unless the certificate states a delayed effective date, in which case it is formed as provided in § 29-802.01(d). The filing of the certificate by the Mayor is conclusive proof that a series has been formed.

(f) Upon the filing by the limited liability company of the report required by § 29-102.11, the Mayor shall furnish a certificate of good standing for a series of a limited liability company or a certificate of registration for a series of a foreign limited liability company.

(g) A series of a limited liability company shall be in good standing as long as the limited liability company is in good standing.

(h) The articles of organization may provide that a series be treated as a separate entity distinct from the limited liability company, other series of the limited liability company, or the members of the limited liability company.

(i) A series of a limited liability company may have any lawful purpose, regardless of whether for profit, or whether the purpose is different from that of the limited liability company or another series thereof.

(j) A series of a limited liability company shall have the capacity to sue and be sued in its own name and the power to do all things necessary or convenient to carry on its activities and affairs.

(k) The law of the District shall govern:

(1) The internal affairs of a series of a limited liability company; and

(2) The liability of a member or manager of a series as a member or manager of that series.

(l) Subject to § 29-804.07, the management of a series of a limited liability company shall be vested in the members collectively.

(m) The events causing dissociation of a member specified in § 29-806.02 shall be applied separately to a person that is a member in more than one series of a limited liability company or a member in the series and the limited liability company.

(n) Except as otherwise provided in § 29-807.01, a series of a limited liability company may be dissolved and wound up without causing the dissolution of the limited liability company or any other series thereof.

(o) A series of a limited liability company shall not engage in a transaction under subchapter IX of this chapter or Chapter 2 of this title independently of the limited liability company.

(p) The registered agent for the limited liability company shall be the registered agent for each series of the company.

(q) The management of a series of a limited liability company shall be governed by § 29-804.07.

(r) In all matters not otherwise specifically addressed in this section, this chapter shall govern a series as if the series of the limited liability company were a separate limited liability company formed under this chapter.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(h)(3)(F), 59 DCR 13171.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-802.01.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210, in (b)(4), substituted “delivered to the Mayor for filing” for “filed with the Mayor” and deleted the commas around “and paid the requisite fee for”; and substituted “activities and affairs” for “activities” in (j).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.