Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter IV. Metropolitan Police Department Application, Appointment, and Training Requirements.


§ 5–107.01. Minimum standards for members of the Metropolitan Police Department.

*NOTE: This section includes amendments by temporary legislation that will expire on April 16, 2022. To view the text of this section after the expiration of all emergency and temporary legislation affecting this section, click this link: Permanent Version.*

(a) Repealed.

(b) Repealed.

(c) Repealed.

(d) Repealed.

(e) To be eligible for appointment as a sworn member of the Metropolitan Police Department, an applicant shall have either:

(1) Successfully completed 60 hours of post-secondary education at an accredited college or university;

(2) Served in the Armed Forces of the United States, including the Organized Reserves and National Guard, for at least 2 years on active duty and if separated from the military, have received an honorable discharge; or

(3) Served at least 3 years in a full-duty status with a full-service police department in a municipality or state within the United States and have resigned or retired in good standing.

(f) An applicant shall be ineligible for appointment as a sworn member of the Metropolitan Police Department if the applicant:

(1) Was previously determined by a law enforcement agency to have committed serious misconduct, as determined by the Chief by General Order;

(2) Was previously terminated or forced to resign for disciplinary reasons from any commissioned or recruit or probationary position with a law enforcement agency; or

(3) Previously resigned from a law enforcement agency to avoid potential, proposed, or pending adverse disciplinary action or termination.


(Oct. 4, 2000, D.C. Law 13-160, § 202, 47 DCR 4619; Sept. 30, 2004, D.C. Law 15-194, § 702(a), 51 DCR 9406; Mar. 6, 2007, D.C. Law 16-223, § 201(a), 53 DCR 10221; June 30, 2016, D.C. Law 21-125, § 212, 63 DCR 4659; Sept. 3, 2021, D.C. Law 24-23, § 115, 68 DCR 005837.)

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 15-194 rewrote subsec. (a) and added subsec. (d). Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) had read as follows: “(a) To be eligible for appointment as a sworn member of the Metropolitan Police Department, as of December 31, 2003, an applicant must have successfully completed 2 years of post-secondary education.”

D.C. Law 16-223, repealed subsecs. (a) to (d), and added subsec. (e).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 115 of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-128, July 29, 2021, 68 DCR 007656).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 115 of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-76, May 3, 2021, 68 DCR 004935).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 115 of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-437, Oct. 28, 2020, 67 DCR 12993).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 115 of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Second Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-336, July 22, 2020, 67 DCR 9148).

For temporary (90 days) , see § 3 of Metropolitan Police Department Officer Retention and Recruitment Incentives Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2016 (D.C. Act 21-420, June 23, 2016, 63 DCR 9008).

For temporary (90 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Metropolitan Police Department Educational Requirement Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Act 15-323, January 28, 2004, 51 DCR 1586).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3 of the Metropolitan Police Department Officer Retention and Recruitment Incentives Emergency Amendment Act of 2016 (D.C. Act 21-332, Mar. 17, 2016, 63 DCR 4304).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 115 of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Temporary Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Law 24-23, Sept. 3, 2021, 68 DCR 005837).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 115 of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Second Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-151, Dec. 3, 2020, 67 DCR 9920).

For temporary (225 day) amendment of section, see § 2 of Metropolitan Police Department Education Requirement Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2004 (D.C. Law 15-147, April 22, 2004, law notification 51 DCR 4931).


§ 5–107.01a. Obligated service.

(a) A candidate for appointment as a sworn member of the Metropolitan Police Department shall execute an agreement obligating the candidate to serve a minimum of 2 years as a sworn member upon successful completion of the initial training program.

(b) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, a sworn member who voluntarily leaves the Metropolitan Police Department before fulfilling the 2-year term of obligated service required under subsection (a) of this section shall reimburse the District for expenses incurred by it, up to $5,000, in connection with that member’s initial training, other than the member’s pay. The Chief of Police may increase the $5,000 limit on reimbursement by General Order or rulemaking.

(c) A sworn member who voluntarily leaves the Metropolitan Police Department before fulfilling the 2-year term of obligated service shall not be liable for reimbursement to the District if:

(1) The separation is directly due to the need to care for an individual in the member’s immediate family; or

(2) The member transfers to another law enforcement agency within the District government and completes the 2-year term at that agency.

(d) The Office of the Attorney General for the District of Columbia may bring a civil action in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia to recover the monies owed the District under subsection (b) of this section along with the costs of the action, including reasonable attorney’s fees.


(Oct. 4, 2000, D.C. Law 13-160, § 202a; as added Mar. 6, 2007, D.C. Law 16-223, § 201(b), 53 DCR 10221.)


§ 5–107.02. Mandatory continuing education program for sworn members of the Metropolitan Police Department.

*NOTE: This section includes amendments by temporary legislation that will expire on April 16, 2022. To view the text of this section after the expiration of all emergency and temporary legislation affecting this section, click this link: Permanent Version.*

(a) The Department shall implement a program of continuing education for its sworn members, which shall consist of a minimum of 32 hours of training each year.

(b) The continuing education required by subsection (a) of this section shall include, at a minimum, instruction on:

(1) Community policing;

(2) Recognizing and preventing biased-based policing, racism, and white supremacy;

(3) Limiting the use of force and employing de-escalation tactics;

(4) The prohibition on the use of neck restraints;

(5) Mental and behavioral health awareness;

(6) Linguistic and cultural competency;

(7) Obtaining voluntary, knowing, and intelligent consent from the subject of a search, when that search is based solely on the subject's consent; and

(8) The duty of a sworn officer to report, and the method for reporting, suspected misconduct or excessive use of force by a law enforcement official that a sworn member observes or that comes to the sworn member's attention, as well as any governing District laws and regulations and Department written directives.


(Oct. 4, 2000, D.C. Law 13-160, § 203, 47 DCR 4619; June 30, 2016, D.C. Law 21-125, § 207, 63 DCR 4659; Sept. 3, 2021, D.C. Law 24-23, § 111(a), 68 DCR 005837.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(a) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-128, July 29, 2021, 68 DCR 007656).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(a) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-76, May 3, 2021, 68 DCR 004935).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(a) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-437, Oct. 28, 2020, 67 DCR 12993).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(a) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Second Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-336, July 22, 2020, 67 DCR 9148).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(a) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Temporary Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Law 24-23, Sept. 3, 2021, 68 DCR 005837).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(a) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Second Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-151, Dec. 3, 2020, 67 DCR 9920).


§ 5–107.02a. Physical examinations and agility standards.

(a) All sworn members of the Metropolitan Police Department shall be required to pass, at least biennially, a physical examination and a physical agility test. The physical examination shall be performed by a physician at the Police and Fire Clinic using current medical standards adopted after consultation with medical professionals within 180 days of September 30, 2004. The physical agility testing shall be based on full-duty physical performance standards adopted within 180 days of the September 30, 2004.

(b) The Mayor, pursuant to subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2, shall issue rules to implement the provisions of this section within 180 days of September 30, 2004.


(Oct. 4, 2000, D.C. Law 13-160, § 203a; as added Sept. 30, 2004, D.C. Law 15-194, § 702(b), 51 DCR 9406.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 5-631 and § 5-701.


§ 5–107.03. Establishment of District of Columbia Police Officers Standards and Training Board.

*NOTE: This section includes amendments by temporary legislation that will expire on April 16, 2022. To view the text of this section after the expiration of all emergency and temporary legislation affecting this section, click this link: Permanent Version.*

(a) There is hereby established the Police Officers Standards and Training Board (“Board”).

(b) Membership on the Board shall consist of the following 15 persons who shall be voting members:

(1) The Mayor or the Mayor’s designee;

(2) Chief of Police, Metropolitan Police Department or the Chief of Police’s designee;

(2A) Executive Director of the Office of Police Complaints or the Executive Director's designee;

(3) The Attorney General for the District of Columbia or the Attorney General's designee;

(4) United States Attorney for the District of Columbia or the United States Attorney’s designee;

(5) Assistant Director in Charge, Washington Field Office, Federal Bureau of Investigation or the Assistant Director’s designee;

(6) Representative of the District of Columbia Superior Court appointed by the Mayor in consultation with the Chief Judge of the Superior Court;

(7) One criminal justice educator appointed by the Mayor;

(8) One police representative appointed by the certified collective bargaining agent, and one police representative appointed by the Mayor in consultation with the Chief of Police; and

(9) Five community representatives appointed by the Mayor, one each with expertise in the following areas:

(A) Oversight of law enforcement;

(B) Juvenile justice reform;

(C) Criminal defense;

(D) Gender-based violence or LGBTQ social services, policy, or advocacy; and

(E) Violence prevention or intervention.

(b-1) The Mayor, in consultation with the Chief of Police, shall appoint one Metropolitan Police Department Reserve Corps representative as an advisory, nonvoting member of the Board.

(c) The following persons may be advisory, nonvoting members of the Board:

(1) The Executive Director, Maryland Police and Correctional Training Commissions; and

(2) The Director, Division of Training and Standards, Virginia Department of Criminal Justice.

(d) The appointments to the Board shall be for a 3-year term.

(e) No member shall serve beyond the time when he or she holds the office or employment by reason of which he or she was initially eligible for appointment and any member chosen to fill a vacancy created otherwise than by expiration of a term shall be appointed for the unexpired portion of the term of the member whom he or she succeeds.

(f) The members shall receive no salary but members shall be reimbursed for their expenses lawfully incurred in the performance of their official functions.

(g) Members appointed to the Board by the Mayor may be removed by the Mayor for incompetence, neglect of duty, or misconduct.

(h) The Chairperson shall be appointed by the Mayor from among the voting members of the Board and the vice chair shall be elected from among the voting members.

(i) The Board shall hold its initial meeting by September 1, 2020. Thereafter, the Board shall meet a minimum of twice each calendar year and at other times as it or the Board’s Chairperson may determine. The majority of the voting members of the Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, the performance of duties or for the exercise of any of its authority. Advisory members shall be entitled to participate in the business and deliberation of the Board, but shall not be entitled to vote. The Board shall establish its own procedures and requirements with respect to the place and conduct of its meetings.


(Oct. 4, 2000, D.C. Law 13-160, § 204, 47 DCR 4619; Sept. 30, 2004, D.C. Law 15-194, § 302(a), 51 DCR 9406; Sept. 3, 2021, D.C. Law 24-23, § 111(b), 68 DCR 005837.)

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 15-194, in the section heading and subsec. (a), substituted “District of Columbia Police Officers Standards and Training Board” for “District of Columbia Police Training and Standards Board”; rewrote par. (8) of subsec. (b); added subsec. (b-1); in subsec. (c), substituted “Commissions” for “Commission” in par. (1), and rewrote par. (2).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(b) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-128, July 29, 2021, 68 DCR 007656).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(b) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-76, May 3, 2021, 68 DCR 004935).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(b) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-437, Oct. 28, 2020, 67 DCR 12993).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(b) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Second Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-336, July 22, 2020, 67 DCR 9148).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(b) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Temporary Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Law 24-23, Sept. 3, 2021, 68 DCR 005837).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(b) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Second Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-151, Dec. 3, 2020, 67 DCR 9920).


§ 5–107.04. Duties of the Board.

*NOTE: This section includes amendments by temporary legislation that will expire on April 16, 2022. To view the text of this section after the expiration of all emergency and temporary legislation affecting this section, click this link: Permanent Version.*

(a) The Board shall establish minimum application and appointment criteria for the Metropolitan Police Department that include the following:

(1) That an applicant be a citizen of the United States at the time of application;

(2) Age limits;

(3) Height and weight guidelines;

(4) Physical fitness and health standards;

(5) Psychological fitness and health standards;

(6) The completion of a criminal background investigation;

(7) The consideration to be placed on an applicant’s participation in court-ordered community supervision or probation for any criminal offense at any time from application through appointment;

(8) The consideration to be placed on an applicant’s criminal history, including juvenile records;

(9) The completion of a background investigation;

(9A) If the applicant has prior service with another law enforcement or public safety agency in the District or another jurisdiction, information on any alleged or sustained misconduct or discipline imposed by that law enforcement or public safety agency;

(10) Military discharge classification information; and

(11) Information on prior service with the Metropolitan Police Department.

(b) Notwithstanding the minimum standards established by the Board in accordance with subsection (a) of this section, the Chief of Police may deny employment to any applicant based upon conduct occurring while the applicant was a minor if, considering the totality of the circumstances, the Chief of Police determines that the applicant has not displayed the good moral character or integrity necessary to perform the duties of a sworn member of the Metropolitan Police Department.

(c) Each applicant selected for appointment as a sworn member of the Metropolitan Police Department shall successfully complete an initial training program and initial firearms training program before deployment, including minimum requirements developed by the Board, unless the applicant receives a waiver pursuant to subsection (e) of this section.

(d) The Board shall determine minimum requirements for the initial training program and initial firearms training program for Metropolitan Police Department recruits, including the appropriate sequence, content, and duration of each program, and:

(1) The minimum number of hours required;

(2) If and under what circumstances the initial training program will include temporary deployment of the applicant before regular deployment as a sworn member; and

(3) The subjects to be included as part of every applicant’s initial training.

(e) The Chief of Police may modify or waive the initial training program and initial firearms training program requirements for either of the following:

(1) Any applicant who is a former sworn member of the Metropolitan Police Department who has been separated from employment with the Metropolitan Police Department for less than 3 years; or

(2) Any former member of a federal, state, or local law enforcement agency who has completed training similar to the Metropolitan Police Department’s initial training program and initial firearms training program and who has been separated from employment with a federal, state, or local law enforcement agency for less than 3 years.

(f) The Board shall determine minimum requirements for a continuing education program for sworn members of the Metropolitan Police Department, including:

(1) Requirements for a continuing education firearms training program; and

(2) The appropriate consequence, including ineligibility for promotion, if a member fails to satisfy the continuing education requirement.

(g) The Metropolitan Police Department may utilize the services of other law enforcement agencies or organizations engaged in the education and training of law enforcement personnel to satisfy any portion of the initial training program, the initial firearms training program, or the continuing education program pursuant to this section.

(h) The Board shall establish the minimum requirements for any instructor of any component of the Metropolitan Police Department’s initial training program, continuing education program, or firearms training program.

(i) The Board shall establish minimum selection and training standards for members of the District of Columbia Housing Authority Police Department.

(j) The Board shall also review and make recommendations to the Chief of Police, the Mayor, and the Council, regarding:

(1) The Metropolitan Police Department’s tuition assistance program;

(2) The optimal probationary period for new members of the Metropolitan Police Department pursuant to subsection (q) of this section;

(3) The issue of creating separate career tracks for patrol and investigations;

(4) Minimum standards for continued level of physical fitness for sworn members of the Metropolitan Police Department; and

(5) The Metropolitan Police Department Reserve Corps program’s training and standards.

(k) The minimum standards set by the Board pursuant to subsections (a), (d), (f), and (h) of this section shall not preclude the Metropolitan Police Department from establishing higher standards, including standards regarding its application, initial training, and continuing education programs at the department.

(l) The minimum standards set by the Board pursuant to subsection (i) of this section shall not preclude the District of Columbia Housing Authority Police Department from establishing higher standards.

(m) Not later than December 31 of each calendar year, the Board, through the Chief of Police, shall deliver a report to the Mayor and the Council concerning the Metropolitan Police Department’s initial training program, continuing education program, and firearms training program. The report shall include:

(1) The number of:

(A) Applicants who have successfully completed the application process;

(B) Applicants who have completed the initial training program;

(C) Sworn members who have completed the continuing education and firearms training programs;

(2) An assessment of the Metropolitan Police Department’s compliance with the Board’s prescribed minimum standards for each of its application and training programs pursuant to this section;

(3) Recommendations where the Board believes that the Metropolitan Police Department’s current standards for applicants, initial training including firearms training, and continuing education can be improved; and

(4) An overall assessment of the Metropolitan Police Department’s current and planned recruiting efforts in light of public safety needs in the District.

(n) The administrative work of the Board shall be carried out by members of the Metropolitan Police Department as appointed by the Chief of Police.

(o) Any applicant who met the age requirement at the time of application and who was denied appointment on the basis of racial discrimination, as determined by the Director of the Office of Human Rights, may be appointed notwithstanding the applicant’s age at the time of that determination.

(p) Applications for appointment to the Metropolitan Police Department shall be made on forms furnished by the Metropolitan Police Department.

(q) Appointments to the Metropolitan Police Department shall be for a probationary period to be determined by the Chief of Police. Continuation of service after the expiration of that period shall be dependent upon the conduct of the appointee and his or her capacity for the performance of the duties to which assigned, as indicated by reports of superior officers. The probationary period shall be an extension of the examination period.

(r) If the Police and Fire Clinic shall find any probationer physically or mentally unfit to continue his or her duties, that probationer shall be required to appear before the Police and Firefighters Retirement and Relief Board. That Board shall make any findings as are required pursuant to § 5-713, and those findings shall be incorporated in a recommendation submitted to the Mayor.

(s) Each police officer appointed shall maintain a level of physical fitness to be determined by the Chief of Police. The final determination with respect to inappropriate fitness levels shall be made by the Medical Director of the Police and Fire Clinic.

(t)(1) The Mayor, pursuant to subchapter I of Chapter 5 of Title 2 [§ 2-501 et seq.], may issue rules to implement the provisions of this section.

(2) The proposed rules shall be submitted to the Council for a 45-day period of review, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, legal holidays, and days of Council recess. If the Council does not approve or disapprove the proposed rules, by resolution, within this 45-day review period, the proposed rules shall be deemed approved.


(Oct. 4, 2000, D.C. Law 13-160, § 205, 47 DCR 4619; Sept. 30, 2004, D.C. Law 15-194, § 302(b), 51 DCR 9406; June 19, 2013, D.C. Law 19-320, § 505, 60 DCR 3390; Mar. 10, 2015, D.C. Law 20-198, § 6(b), 61 DCR 12450; Sept. 3, 2021, D.C. Law 24-23, § 111(c), 68 DCR 005837.)

Effect of Amendments

D.C. Law 15-194 substituted “Board” for “Training and Standards Board” in the introductory language of subsec. (d), par. (1) of subsec. (d), subsec. (e), the introductory language of subsec. (f), and subsecs. (i) and (k); substituted “October 31” for “November 31” in subpar. (B) of subsec. (f); and added subsec. (f-1).

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-320 deleted “standards for applicants; continuing education program” from the section heading; and rewrote the section.

The 2015 amendment by D.C. Law 20-198 substituted “Police and Firefighters Retirement and Relief Board” for “Police and Firemen's Retirement and Relief Board” in (r).

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(c) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-128, July 29, 2021, 68 DCR 007656).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(c) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-76, May 3, 2021, 68 DCR 004935).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(c) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-437, Oct. 28, 2020, 67 DCR 12993).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(c) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Second Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-336, July 22, 2020, 67 DCR 9148).

For temporary amendment of section, see § 505 of the Omnibus Criminal Code Amendments Emergency Amendment Act of 2012 (D.C. Act 19-599, January 14, 2013, 60 DCR 1017).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 505 of the Omnibus Criminal Code Amendment Congressional Review Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-44, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5381, 20 DCSTAT 1281).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(c) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Temporary Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Law 24-23, Sept. 3, 2021, 68 DCR 005837).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 111(c) of Comprehensive Policing and Justice Reform Second Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-151, Dec. 3, 2020, 67 DCR 9920).