Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter II-B. Motor Vehicle Collision Recovery.


§ 50–2204.51. Definitions.

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term:

(1) "All-terrain vehicle" shall have the same meaning as provided in § 50-2201.02(2).

(2) "Bicycle" shall have the same meaning as provided in 18 DCMR § 9901.1.

(3) "Dirt bike" shall have the same meaning as provided in § 50-2201.02(6).

(4) "Electric mobility device" shall have the same meaning as provided in § 50-2201.02(6A).

(5) "Motor vehicle" shall have the same meaning as provided in § 50-1301.02(4).

(6) "Motorcycle" shall have the same meaning as provided in 18 DCMR § 9901.1.

(7) "Motorized bicycle" shall have the same meaning as provided in § 50-2201.02(11A).

(8) "Motor-driven cycle" shall have the same meaning as provided in 18 DCMR § 9901.1.

(9) "Pedestrian" shall have the same meaning as provided in 18 DCMR § 9901.1.

(10) "Personal mobility device" shall have the same meaning as provided in § 50-2201.02(13).

(11) "Public highway" shall have the same meaning as provided in § 50-1301.02(9).

(12) "Sidewalk" shall have the same meaning as provided in 18 DCMR § 9901.1.

(13) "Vulnerable user" means an individual using an all-terrain vehicle, bicycle, dirt bike, electric mobility device, motorcycle, motorized bicycle, motor-driven cycle, non-motorized scooter, personal mobility device, skateboard, or other similar device.


(Nov. 26, 2016, D.C. Law 21-167, § 2, 63 DCR 12592; Mar. 16, 2021, D.C. Law 23-183, § 2(a), 68 DCR 00013.)


§ 50–2204.52. Contributory negligence limitation.

(a) Unless the plaintiff's negligence is a proximate cause of the plaintiff's injury and greater than the aggregated total negligence of all the defendants that proximately caused the plaintiff's injury, the negligence of the following shall not bar the plaintiff's recovery in any civil action in which the plaintiff is one of the following:

(1) A pedestrian or vulnerable user of a public highway or sidewalk involved in a collision with a motor vehicle or another vulnerable user; or

(2) A vulnerable user of a public highway or sidewalk involved in a collision with a pedestrian.

(b) Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed to:

(1) Change or affect the doctrine of joint and several liability or the last clear chance doctrine; or

(2) Reduce the legal protections provided to pedestrians and cyclists under:

(A) § 7-1004; or

(B) § 50-1606.


(Nov. 26, 2016, D.C. Law 21-167, § 3, 63 DCR 12592; Mar. 16, 2021, D.C. Law 23-183, § 2(b), 68 DCR 00013.)


§ 50–2204.53. Non-severability.

If any provision of this subchapter or its application to any person or circumstance is held to be unconstitutional, beyond the statutory authority of the Council, or otherwise invalid, then all provisions of this subchapter shall be deemed invalid.


(Nov. 26, 2016, D.C. Law 21-167, § 4, 63 DCR 12592.)