Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter II. Negligent Homicide.


§ 50–2203.01. Negligent homicide.

Any person who, by the operation of any vehicle in a careless, reckless, or negligent manner, but not wilfully or wantonly, shall cause the death of another, including a pedestrian in a marked crosswalk, or unmarked crosswalk at an intersection, shall be guilty of a felony, and shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than 5 years or by a fine of not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01 or both.


(Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 854, § 802(a); June 17, 1935, 49 Stat. 385, ch. 266; June 25, 1936, 49 Stat. 1921, ch. 804; Apr. 1, 1942, 56 Stat. 190, ch. 207, § 1; June 25, 1948, 62 Stat. 991, ch. 646, § 32(b); May 24, 1949, 63 Stat. 107, ch. 139, § 127; July 8, 1963, 77 Stat. 77, Pub. L. 88-60, § 1; July 29, 1970, 84 Stat. 578, Pub. L. 91-358, title I, § 160(a)(3); Sept. 14, 1982, D.C. Law 4-145, § 8, 29 DCR 3138; Mar. 9, 1983, D.C. Law 4-174, § 14, 29 DCR 5753; Oct. 9, 1987, D.C. Law 7-34, § 3, 34 DCR 5316; June 11, 2013, D.C. Law 19-317, § 274, 60 DCR 2064.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 40-713.

1973 Ed., § 40-606.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 50-2203.02, § 50-2203.03, § 50-2206.51, and § 50-2302.02.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-317 substituted “of not more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01” for “of not more than $5,000”.

Cross References

Traffic adjudication, violations prosecuted as criminal offenses, see § 50-2302.02.

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 274 of the Criminal Fine Proportionality Emergency Act of 2013 (D.C. Act 20-45, April 1, 2013, 60 DCR 5400, 20 DCSTAT 1300).

Editor's Notes

Applicability of D.C. Law 19-317: Section 401 of D.C. Law 19-317 provided that the act shall apply only to offenses committed on or after June 11, 2013.


§ 50–2203.02. Negligent homicide included in manslaughter where death due to operation of vehicle.

The crime of negligent homicide defined in § 50-2203.01 shall be deemed to be included within every crime of manslaughter charged to have been committed in the operation of any vehicle, and in any case where a defendant is charged with manslaughter committed in the operation of any vehicle, if the jury shall find the defendant not guilty of the crime of manslaughter such jury may, in its discretion, render a verdict of guilty of negligent homicide.


(Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 854, § 802(b); June 17, 1935, 49 Stat. 385, ch. 266.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 40-714.

1973 Ed., § 40-607.

Section References

This section is referenced in § 50-2203.03.


§ 50–2203.03. Immoderate speed not dependent on legal rate of speed.

In any prosecution under § 50-2203.01 or § 50-2203.02, whether the defendant was driving at an immoderate rate of speed shall not depend upon the rate of speed fixed by law for operating such vehicle.


(Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 854, § 802(c); June 17, 1935, 49 Stat. 385, ch. 266.)

Prior Codifications

1981 Ed., § 40-715.

1973 Ed., § 40-608.