Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter X. Extreme Risk Protection Orders.


§ 7–2510.01. Definitions.

For the purposes of this subchapter, the term:

(1) "Extreme risk protection order" means an order issued, pursuant to this subchapter, by a judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia prohibiting a respondent from having possession or control of, purchasing, or receiving any firearm, ammunition, registration certificate, license to carry a concealed pistol, or dealer's license.

(2) "Petitioner" means a person who petitions the Superior Court of the District of Columbia for an extreme risk protection order under this subchapter and is:

(A) Related to the respondent by blood, adoption, guardianship, marriage, domestic partnership, having a child in common, cohabitating, or maintaining a romantic, dating, or sexual relationship;

(B) A sworn member of the Metropolitan Police Department; or

(C) A mental health professional, as that term is defined in § 7-1201.01(11).

(3) "Respondent" means a person against whom an extreme risk protection order is sought.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1001; as added May 10, 2019, D.C. Law 22-314, § 2(e), 66 DCR 1672; Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(d), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(g) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(d) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-342, July 27, 2020, 67 DCR 9368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(d) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-297, May 1, 2020, 67 DCR 5037).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(d) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-103, July 24, 2019, 66 DCR 9738).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(d) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-49, May 16, 2019, 66 DCR 6310).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-41, Apr. 15, 2019, 66 DCR 5255).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-629, Jan. 30, 2018, 66 DCR 1729).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(d) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-123, Aug. 6, 2020, 67 DCR 5103).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(d) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Law 23-17, Sept. 11, 2019, 66 DCR 8741).


§ 7–2510.02. Petitions for extreme risk protection orders.

(a) A petitioner may petition the Superior Court for the District of Columbia for a final extreme risk protection order. A petition filed under this section shall:

(1) Be in writing;

(2) State facts in support of the claim that the respondent poses a significant danger of causing bodily injury to self or others by having possession or control of, purchasing, or receiving any firearm or ammunition;

(3) To the best of the petitioner's knowledge, identify the number, types, and locations of any firearms or ammunition the petitioner believes to be in the respondent's possession, control, or ownership; and

(4) Repealed.

(5) Be served on the Office of the Attorney General.

(b) A petitioner may file a petition under this section regardless of whether there is any other pending suit, complaint, petition, or other action between the parties.

(c)(1) The Office of the Attorney General may:

(A) Intervene in the case and represent the interests of the District of Columbia; or

(B) At the request of the petitioner, provide individual legal representation to the petitioner in proceedings under this subchapter.

(2) If the Office of the Attorney General intervenes in a case under paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection, the intervention shall continue until:

(A) The court denies the petition for a final extreme risk protection order pursuant to § 7-2510.03;

(B) The court terminates a final extreme risk protection order pursuant to § 7-2510.08; or

(C) The Office of the Attorney General withdraws from the intervention.

(d) The court may place any record or part of a proceeding related to the issuance, renewal, or termination of an extreme risk protection order under seal for good cause shown.

(e) When computing a time period specified in this subchapter, or in an order issued under this subchapter:

(1) Stated in days or a longer unit of time:

(A) Exclude the day of the event that triggers the time period;

(B) Count every day, including intermediate Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays; and

(C) Include the last day of the time period, but if the last day of the time period specified falls on a Saturday, Sunday, a legal holiday, or a day on which weather or other conditions cause the court to be closed, the time period specified shall continue to run until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, legal holiday, or a day on which weather or other conditions cause the court to be closed.

(2) Stated in hours:

(A) Begin counting immediately on the occurrence of the event that triggers the time period;

(B) Count every hour, including hours during intermediate Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays; and

(C) If the time period would end on a Saturday, Sunday, legal holiday, or a day on which weather or other conditions cause the court to be closed, the time period shall continue to run until the same time on the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, legal holiday, or a day on which weather or other conditions cause the court to be closed.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1002; as added May 10, 2019, D.C. Law 22-314, § 2(e), 66 DCR 1672; Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(e), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(h) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-342, July 27, 2020, 67 DCR 9368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-297, May 1, 2020, 67 DCR 5037).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-103, July 24, 2019, 66 DCR 9738).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-49, May 16, 2019, 66 DCR 6310).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-41, Apr. 15, 2019, 66 DCR 5255).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-629, Jan. 30, 2018, 66 DCR 1729).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-123, Aug. 6, 2020, 67 DCR 5103).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Law 23-17, Sept. 11, 2019, 66 DCR 8741).


§ 7–2510.03. Final extreme risk protection orders.

(a)(1) Upon receipt of a petition filed pursuant § 7-2510.02, the court shall order that a hearing be held to determine whether to issue a final extreme risk protection order against the respondent.

(2) The initial hearing shall be held within 14 days after the date the petition was filed.

(b)(1) Personal service of the notice of hearing and petition shall be made upon the respondent by a Metropolitan Police Department officer not fewer than 7 days before the hearing.

(2) If the respondent is unable to be personally served, the court shall set a new hearing date and require additional attempts to accomplish personal service.

(3) If the respondent is unable to be personally served after the court has set a new hearing date and required new attempts at service pursuant to paragraph (2) of this subsection, the court may dismiss the petition without prejudice.

(c) If the court issues an ex parte extreme risk protection order pursuant to § 7-2510.04, the ex parte extreme risk protection order shall be served concurrently with the notice of hearing and petition described in subsection (b)(1) of this section.

(d) Upon receipt of a petition filed under § 7-2510.02, and for good cause shown, the court shall issue such orders as may be necessary to obtain any mental health records and other information relevant for the purposes of the petition. The order shall require the disclosure of records to the Office of the Attorney General so that it can conduct a search of the respondent's mental health records and report its findings to the court as required by this subsection. Before the hearing for a final extreme risk protection order, the court shall order that the Office of the Attorney General:

(1) Conduct a reasonable search of all available records to determine whether the respondent owns any firearms or ammunition;

(2) Conduct a reasonable search of all available records of the respondent's mental health;

(3) Perform a national criminal history and firearms eligibility background check on the respondent; and

(4) Submit its findings under this subsection to the court.

(e) In determining whether to issue a final extreme risk protection order pursuant to this section, the court shall consider any exhibits, affidavits, supporting documents, and all other relevant evidence, including:

(1) Any history or pattern of threats of violence, or acts of violence, by the respondent directed toward themselves or others;

(2) Any recent threats of violence, or acts of violence, by the respondent directed toward themselves or others;

(3) The respondent's acquisition of any firearms, ammunition, or other deadly or dangerous weapons within one year before the filing of the petition;

(4) The unlawful or reckless use, display, or brandishing of a firearm or other weapon by the respondent;

(5) Respondent's criminal history;

(6) Respondent's violation of a court order;

(7) Evidence of the respondent experiencing a mental health crisis, or other dangerous mental health issues; and

(8) Respondent's use of a controlled substance, as that term is defined in § 48-901.02(4).

(f) The court shall, before issuing a final extreme risk protection order, examine any witnesses under oath.

(g) The court shall issue a final extreme risk protection order if the petitioner establishes by a preponderance of the evidence that the respondent poses a significant danger of causing bodily injury to self or others by having possession or control of, purchasing, or receiving any firearm or ammunition.

(h) A final extreme risk protection order issued under this section shall state:

(1) That the respondent is prohibited from having possession or control of, purchasing, or receiving any firearm, ammunition, registration certificate, license to carry a concealed pistol, or dealer's license for one year after the date and time the order was issued;

(2) The date and time the order was issued;

(3) The date and time the order will expire;

(4) The grounds upon which the order was issued;

(5) The procedures for the:

(A) Renewal of a final extreme risk protection order pursuant to § 7-2510.06;

(B) Surrender of firearms, ammunition, registration certificates, licenses to carry a concealed pistol, or dealer's licenses in the respondent's possession, control, or ownership pursuant to § 7-2510.07; and

(C) Termination of a final extreme risk protection order pursuant to § 7-2510.08; and

(6) That the respondent may seek the advice of an attorney as to any matter connected with this subchapter.

(i) A final extreme risk protection order issued pursuant to this section shall expire one year after the issuance of the order, unless the order is terminated pursuant to § 7-2510.08 before its expiration.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1003; as added May 10, 2019, D.C. Law 22-314, § 2(e), 66 DCR 1672; Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(f), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(i) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(f) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-342, July 27, 2020, 67 DCR 9368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(f) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-297, May 1, 2020, 67 DCR 5037).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(f) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-103, July 24, 2019, 66 DCR 9738).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(f) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-49, May 16, 2019, 66 DCR 6310).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-41, Apr. 15, 2019, 66 DCR 5255).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-629, Jan. 30, 2018, 66 DCR 1729).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(f) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-123, Aug. 6, 2020, 67 DCR 5103).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(f) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Law 23-17, Sept. 11, 2019, 66 DCR 8741).


§ 7–2510.04. Ex parte extreme risk protection orders.

(a) When filing a petition for a final extreme risk protection order, a petitioner may also request that an ex parte extreme risk protection order be issued without notice to the respondent.

(b) The court may hold a hearing on any request for an ex parte extreme risk protection order filed under this section.

(c) In determining whether to issue an ex parte extreme risk protection order pursuant to this section, the court shall consider any exhibits, affidavits, supporting documents, and all other relevant evidence, including:

(1) Any history or pattern of threats of violence, or acts of violence, by the respondent directed toward themselves or others;

(2) Any recent threats of violence, or acts of violence, by the respondent directed toward themselves or others;

(3) The respondent's acquisition of any firearms, ammunition, or other deadly or dangerous weapons within one year before the filing of the petition;

(4) The unlawful or reckless use, display, or brandishing of a firearm or other weapon by the respondent;

(5) Respondent's criminal history;

(6) Respondent's violation of a court order;

(7) Evidence of the respondent experiencing a mental health crisis, or other dangerous mental health issues; and

(8) Respondent's use of a controlled substance, as that term is defined in § 48-901.02.

(d) The court may grant a request under this section based solely on an affidavit or sworn testimony of the petitioner.

(e) The court shall issue an ex parte extreme risk protection order if the petitioner establishes that there is probable cause to believe that the respondent poses a significant danger of causing bodily injury to self or others by having possession or control of, purchasing, or receiving any firearm or ammunition.

(f) If the petitioner requests that the court issue an ex parte extreme risk protection order pursuant to this section, the court shall grant or deny the request on the same day that the request was made, unless the request is filed too late in the day to permit effective review, in which case the court shall grant or deny the request the next day the court is open.

(g) An ex parte extreme risk protection order shall state:

(1) That the respondent is prohibited from having possession or control of, purchasing, or receiving any firearm, ammunition, registration certificate, license to carry a concealed pistol, or dealer's license while the order is in effect;

(2) The date and time the order was issued;

(3) The date and time the order will expire;

(4) The grounds upon which the order was issued;

(5) The time and place of the hearing to determine whether to issue a final extreme risk protection order;

(6) That following the hearing, the court may issue a final extreme risk protection order that will be in effect for up to one year;

(7) The procedures for the surrender of firearms, ammunition, registration certificates, licenses to carry a concealed pistol, or dealer's licenses in the respondent's possession, control, or ownership pursuant to § 7-2510.07; and

(8) That the respondent may seek the advice of an attorney as to any matter connected with this subchapter, and that the attorney should be consulted promptly so that the attorney may assist the respondent in any matter connected with the ex parte extreme risk protection order.

(h) An ex parte extreme risk protection order issued pursuant to this section shall remain in effect for an initial period not to exceed 14 days. The court may extend an ex parte extreme risk protection order in additional 14-day increments for good cause shown.

(i) The court shall terminate an ex parte extreme risk protection order in effect against the respondent at the time the court grants or denies the petition for a final extreme risk protection order.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1004; as added May 10, 2019, D.C. Law 22-314, § 2(e), 66 DCR 1672; Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(g), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(j) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(g) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-342, July 27, 2020, 67 DCR 9368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(g) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-297, May 1, 2020, 67 DCR 5037).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(g) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-103, July 24, 2019, 66 DCR 9738).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(g) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-49, May 16, 2019, 66 DCR 6310).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-41, Apr. 15, 2019, 66 DCR 5255).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-629, Jan. 30, 2018, 66 DCR 1729).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(g) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-123, Aug. 6, 2020, 67 DCR 5103).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(g) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Law 23-17, Sept. 11, 2019, 66 DCR 8741).


§ 7–2510.05. Service of extreme risk protection orders.

(a)(1) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, an extreme risk protection order issued pursuant to § 7-2510.03 or § 7-2510.04, or renewed pursuant to § 7-2510.06, shall be personally served upon the respondent by a sworn member of the Metropolitan Police Department.

(2) The court shall submit a copy of extreme risk protection order to the Metropolitan Police Department on or before the next day after the issuance of the order for service upon the respondent. Service of an extreme risk protection order shall take precedence over the service of other documents, unless the other documents are of a similar emergency nature.

(3) If the Metropolitan Police Department cannot complete personal service upon the respondent within 7 days after receiving an order from the court under paragraph (2) of this subsection, the Metropolitan Police Department shall notify the petitioner.

(4) Within 24 hours after service, the Metropolitan Police Department shall submit proof of service to the court.

(b) If the respondent was personally served in court when the extreme risk protection order was issued, the requirements of subsection (a) of this section shall be waived.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1005; as added May 10, 2019, D.C. Law 22-314, § 2(e), 66 DCR 1672; Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(h), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(k) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(i) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-342, July 27, 2020, 67 DCR 9368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(i) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-297, May 1, 2020, 67 DCR 5037).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(h) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-103, July 24, 2019, 66 DCR 9738).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(h) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-49, May 16, 2019, 66 DCR 6310).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-41, Apr. 15, 2019, 66 DCR 5255).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-629, Jan. 30, 2018, 66 DCR 1729).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(h) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-123, Aug. 6, 2020, 67 DCR 5103).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(h) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Law 23-17, Sept. 11, 2019, 66 DCR 8741).


§ 7–2510.06. Renewal of final extreme risk protection orders.

(a) At least 120 days before the expiration of a final extreme risk protection order, the court shall notify the petitioner of the date that the order is set to expire and advise the petitioner of the procedures for seeking a renewal of the order.

(b) A petitioner may request a renewal of a final extreme risk protection order, including an order previously renewed under this section, at any time within the 120-day period immediately preceding the expiration of the order.

(c) Personal service of the notice of hearing and request for renewal shall be made upon the respondent by a Metropolitan Police Department officer not fewer than 21 days before the hearing.

(d) In determining whether to renew an extreme risk protection order pursuant to this section, the court shall consider all relevant evidence, including:

(1) Any history or pattern of threats of violence, or acts of violence, by the respondent directed toward themselves or others;

(2) Any recent threats of violence, or acts of violence, by the respondent directed toward themselves or others;

(3) The respondent's acquisition of any firearms, ammunition, or other deadly or dangerous weapons within one year before the filing of the petition;

(4) The unlawful or reckless use, display, or brandishing of a firearm or other weapon by the respondent;

(5) Respondent's criminal history;

(6) Respondent's violation of a court order;

(7) Evidence of the respondent experiencing a mental health crisis, or other dangerous mental health issues; and

(8) Respondent's use of a controlled substance, as that term is defined in § 48-901.02.

(e) The court shall, before renewing a final extreme risk protection order, examine any witnesses under oath.

(f) The court shall, after notice and a hearing, renew a final extreme risk protection order if the court finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the respondent continues to pose a significant danger of causing bodily injury to self or others by having possession or control of, purchasing, or receiving any firearm or ammunition.

(g) A final extreme risk protection order renewed pursuant to this section, shall state:

(1) That the respondent is prohibited from having possession or control of, purchasing, or receiving any firearm, ammunition, registration certificate, license to carry a concealed pistol, or dealer's license for one year after the date and time the order was renewed;

(2) The date and time the order was renewed;

(3) The date and time the order will expire;

(4) The grounds upon which the order was renewed;

(5) The procedures for the:

(A) Renewal of a final extreme risk protection order pursuant to this section;

(B) Surrender of firearms, ammunition, registration certificates, licenses to carry a concealed pistol, or dealer's licenses in the respondent's possession, control, or ownership pursuant to § 7-2510.07; and

(C) Termination of a final extreme risk protection order pursuant to § 7-2510.08; and

(6) That the petitioner may seek the advice of an attorney as to any matter connected with this subchapter.

(h) An extreme risk protection order renewed pursuant to this section shall expire one year after the issuance of the order, unless that order is terminated pursuant to § 7-2510.08 before its expiration.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1006; as added May 10, 2019, D.C. Law 22-314, § 2(e), 66 DCR 1672; Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(i), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(l) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(i) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-103, July 24, 2019, 66 DCR 9738).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(i) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-49, May 16, 2019, 66 DCR 6310).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-41, Apr. 15, 2019, 66 DCR 5255).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-629, Jan. 30, 2018, 66 DCR 1729).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(i) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-123, Aug. 6, 2020, 67 DCR 5103).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(i) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Law 23-17, Sept. 11, 2019, 66 DCR 8741).


§ 7–2510.07. Surrender of firearms, ammunition, registration certificates, licenses to carry a concealed pistol, and dealer's licenses.

(a) Repealed.

(b) A Metropolitan Police Department officer serving an extreme risk protection order shall:

(1) Request that all firearms, ammunition, registration certificates, licenses to carry a concealed pistol, and dealer's licenses be immediately surrendered; and

(2) Take possession of all firearms, ammunition, registration certificates, licenses to carry a concealed pistol, and dealer's licenses in the respondent's possession, control, or ownership that are surrendered or discovered pursuant to a lawful search.

(c)(1) At the time of surrender or removal, the Metropolitan Police Department officer taking possession of a firearm, ammunition, registration certificate, license to carry a concealed pistol, or dealer's license pursuant to an extreme risk protection order shall make a record identifying all firearms, ammunition, registration certificates, licenses to carry a concealed pistol, and dealer's licenses that have been surrendered or removed and provide a receipt to the respondent.

(2) Within 72 hours after serving an extreme risk protection order, the officer shall file a copy of the receipt provided to the respondent pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection with the court and the Chief of Police.

(d) If a person other than the respondent claims title to any firearm or ammunition surrendered or removed pursuant to this section, and he or she is determined by the Metropolitan Police Department to be the lawful owner of the firearm or ammunition, the firearm or ammunition shall be returned to him or her; provided, that the firearm or ammunition is removed from the respondent's possession or control, and the lawful owner agrees to store the firearm or ammunition in a manner such that the respondent does not have possession or control of the firearm or ammunition.

(e) The Metropolitan Police Department may charge the respondent a fee not to exceed the actual costs incurred by the Metropolitan Police Department for storing any firearms or ammunition surrendered or removed pursuant to this section for the duration of the extreme risk protection order, including a renewal of the extreme risk protection order, and up to 6 months after the date the order expires or is terminated.

(f)(1) If a respondent peaceably surrenders any firearms or ammunition pursuant to this section, such surrender shall preclude the arrest and prosecution of the respondent for violating, with respect to the firearms or ammunition surrendered:

(A) Section 7-2506.01; and

(B) Sections 22-4503 and 22-4504(a) and (a-1).

(2) The surrender of any firearm or ammunition pursuant to this section shall not constitute a voluntary surrender for the purposes of § 7-2507.05.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1007; as added May 10, 2019, D.C. Law 22-314, § 2(e), 66 DCR 1672; Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(j), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(m) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).

For temporary (90 days) creation of §§ 7-2510.07a - 7-2510.07d, see § 4(k) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-342, July 27, 2020, 67 DCR 9368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(j) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-342, July 27, 2020, 67 DCR 9368).

For temporary (90 days) creation of §§ 7-2510.07a - 7-2510.07d, see § 4(k) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-297, May 1, 2020, 67 DCR 5037).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(j) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-297, May 1, 2020, 67 DCR 5037).

For temporary (90 days) creation of §§ 7-2510.07a, 7-2510.07b, 7-2510.07c, and 7-2510.07d, see § 4(k) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-103, July 24, 2019, 66 DCR 9738).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(j) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-103, July 24, 2019, 66 DCR 9738).

For temporary (90 days) creation of §§ 7-2510.07a, 7-2510.07b, 7-2510.07c, and 7-2510.07d, see § 3(k) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-49, May 16, 2019, 66 DCR 6310).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(j) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-49, May 16, 2019, 66 DCR 6310).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-41, Apr. 15, 2019, 66 DCR 5255).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-629, Jan. 30, 2018, 66 DCR 1729).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) creation of §§ 7-2510.07a - 7-2510.07d, see § 4(k) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-123, Aug. 6, 2020, 67 DCR 5103).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(j) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-123, Aug. 6, 2020, 67 DCR 5103).

For temporary (225 days) creation of §§ 7-2510.07a through 7-2510.07d, see § 4(k) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Law 23-17, Sept. 11, 2019, 66 DCR 8741).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(j) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Law 23-17, Sept. 11, 2019, 66 DCR 8741).


§ 7–2510.07a. Nature and issuance of search warrants.

(a) If the court issues a final extreme risk protection order pursuant to § 7-2510.03, issues an ex parte extreme risk protection order pursuant to § 7-2510.04, or renews a final extreme risk protection order pursuant to § 7-2510.06, the court may issue an accompanying search warrant. The search warrant may authorize a search to be conducted anywhere in the District of Columbia and shall be executed pursuant to its terms.

(b) A search warrant issued under this section may direct a search of any or all of the following:

(1) One or more designated or described places or premises;

(2) One or more designated or described vehicles;

(3) One or more designated or described physical objects; or

(4) The respondent.

(c) The search warrant shall authorize the search for, and seizure of, any firearms, ammunition, registration certificates, licenses to carry a concealed pistol, or dealer's licenses that the respondent is prohibited from having possession or control of, purchasing, or receiving pursuant to the terms of an extreme risk protection order issued or renewed under this subchapter.

(d) A search warrant issued under this section may be addressed to a specific law enforcement officer or to any classification of officers of the Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia or other agency authorized to make arrests or execute process in the District of Columbia.

(e) A search warrant issued under this section shall contain:

(1) The name of the issuing court, the name and signature of the issuing judge, and the date of issuance;

(2) If the search warrant is addressed to a specific officer, the name of that officer, otherwise, the classifications of officers to whom the warrant is addressed;

(3) A designation of the premises, vehicles, objects, or persons to be searched, sufficient for certainty of identification;

(4) A description of the property whose seizure is the object of the search warrant;

(5) A direction that the search warrant be executed between 6 a.m. and 9:00 p.m. or, where the court has found cause therefor, including one of the grounds set forth in § 7-2510.07b(c), an authorization for execution at any time of day or night; and

(6) A direction that the search warrant and an inventory of any property seized pursuant thereto be returned to the court within 72 hours after its execution.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1007a; as added Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(k), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 4(n) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).


§ 7–2510.07b. Time of execution of search warrants.

(a) A search warrant issued under § 7-2510.07a shall not be executed after the expiration of the extreme risk protection order it accompanies, or after 10 days from the date the warrant was issued, whichever is earlier.

(b) The search warrant shall be returned to the court after its execution or expiration in accordance with § 7-2510.07a(e)(6)(e)(6).

(c) A search warrant issued under § 7-2510.07a may be executed on any day of the week and, in the absence of express authorization in the warrant pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, shall be executed only between 6 a.m. and 9:00 p.m.

(d) If the court finds that there is probable cause to believe that the search warrant cannot be executed between 6 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., the property sought is likely to be removed or destroyed if not seized forthwith, or the property sought is not likely to be found except at certain times or in certain circumstances, the court may include in the search warrant an authorization for execution at any time of day or night.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1007b; as added Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(k), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 4(n) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).


§ 7–2510.07c. Execution of search warrants.

(a) An officer executing a search warrant issued under § 7-2510.07a directing a search of a dwelling house or other building or a vehicle shall execute that search warrant in accordance with 18 U.S.C. § 3109.

(b) An officer executing a search warrant issued under § 7-2510.07a directing a search of a person shall give, or make reasonable effort to give, notice of his identity and purpose to the person, and, if such person thereafter resists or refuses to permit the search, such person shall be subject to arrest by such officer pursuant to § 22-405.01, or other applicable provision of law.

(c)(1) An officer or agent executing a search warrant issued under § 7-2510.07a shall write and subscribe an inventory setting forth the time of the execution of the search warrant and the property seized under it.

(2) If the search is of a person, a copy of the search warrant and of the return shall be given to that person.

(3) If the search is of a place, vehicle, or object, a copy of the search warrant and of the return shall be given to the owner thereof or, if the owner is not present, to an occupant, custodian, or other person present. If no person is present, the officer shall post a copy of the warrant and of the return upon the premises, vehicle, or object searched.

(d) A copy of the search warrant shall be filed with the court on the next court day after its execution, together with a copy of the return.

(e) An officer executing a search warrant issued under § 7-2510.07a directing a search of premises or a vehicle may search any person therein to the extent reasonably necessary to:

(1) Protect himself or others from the use of any weapon which may be concealed upon the person; or

(2) Find property enumerated in the warrant which may be concealed upon the person.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1007c; as added Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(k), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 4(n) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).


§ 7–2510.07d. Disposition of property.

(a) A law enforcement officer or a designated civilian employee of the Metropolitan Police Department who seizes property in the execution of a search warrant issued under § 7-2510.07a shall cause it to be safely kept until the property is returned to:

(1) The respondent, upon the expiration of the extreme risk protection order that the search warrant accompanied; or

(2) A lawful owner, other than the respondent, claiming title to the property pursuant to § 7-2510.07(d).

(b) Nothing in subsection (a) of this section shall be construed to require the Metropolitan Police Department to release property seized pursuant to a warrant to a person who did not legally possess the property at the time it was taken.

(c) No property seized shall be released or destroyed except in accordance with law and upon order of a court or of the United States Attorney for the District of Columbia or the Office of the Attorney General.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1007d; as added Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(k), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 4(n) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).


§ 7–2510.08. Termination of extreme risk protection orders.

(a) Any respondent against whom a final extreme risk protection order, including a renewal of the extreme risk protection order, was issued may, on one occasion during the one-year period the order is in effect, submit a written motion to the Superior Court for the District of Columbia requesting that the order be terminated.

(b) Upon receipt of the motion for termination, the court shall set a date for a hearing, and notice of the request shall be served on the petitioner. The hearing shall occur at least 14 days after the date of service of the motion upon the petitioner.

(c) In determining whether terminate a final extreme risk protection order pursuant to this section, the court shall consider all relevant evidence, including:

(1) Any history or pattern of threats of violence, or acts of violence, by the respondent directed toward themselves or others;

(2) Any recent threats of violence, or acts of violence, by the respondent directed toward themselves or others;

(3) The respondent's acquisition of any firearms, ammunition, or other deadly or dangerous weapons within one year before the filing of the petition;

(4) The unlawful or reckless use, display, or brandishing of a firearm or other weapon by the respondent;

(5) Respondent's criminal history;

(6) Respondent's violation of a court order;

(7) Evidence of the respondent experiencing a mental health crisis, or other dangerous mental health issues; and

(8) Respondent's use of a controlled substance, as that term is defined in § 48-901.02.

(d) The court shall, before terminating a final extreme risk protection order, examine any witnesses under oath.

(e) The court shall terminate a final extreme risk protection order if the respondent establishes by a preponderance of the evidence that the respondent does not pose a significant danger of causing bodily injury to self or others by having possession or control of, purchasing, or receiving any firearm or ammunition.

(f)(1) If the court grants a motion to terminate pursuant to this section, notice of the termination shall be personally served upon the petitioner and respondent by a sworn member of the Metropolitan Police Department and sent to the petitioner by electronic mail.

(1A) If the petitioner or respondent was personally served in court when the motion to terminate an extreme risk protection order was granted, the personal service requirement of paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be waived with respect to the party served in court.

(2) The court shall submit a copy of the order issued under this section to the Metropolitan Police Department on or before the next day for service upon the petitioner. Service of a notice of termination shall take precedence over the service of other documents, unless the other documents are of a similar emergency nature.

(3) If the Metropolitan Police Department cannot complete personal service upon the petitioner within 7 days after receiving an order from the court under paragraph (2) of this subsection, the Metropolitan Police Department shall notify the court.

(4) Within 24 hours after service, the Metropolitan Police Department shall submit proof of service to the court.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1008; as added May 10, 2019, D.C. Law 22-314, § 2(e), 66 DCR 1672; Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(l), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(o) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(l) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-342, July 27, 2020, 67 DCR 9368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(l) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-297, May 1, 2020, 67 DCR 5037).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(l) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-103, July 24, 2019, 66 DCR 9738).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(l) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-49, May 16, 2019, 66 DCR 6310).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-41, Apr. 15, 2019, 66 DCR 5255).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-629, Jan. 30, 2018, 66 DCR 1729).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(l) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-123, Aug. 6, 2020, 67 DCR 5103).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(l) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Law 23-17, Sept. 11, 2019, 66 DCR 8741).


§ 7–2510.09. Return or disposal of firearms or ammunition.

(a)(1) If an extreme risk protection order is terminated, or expires and is not renewed, the Metropolitan Police Department shall notify the respondent that he or she may request the return of any firearm or ammunition surrendered or removed if that firearm or ammunition had been lawfully possessed.

(2) The Metropolitan Police Department shall return any surrendered or removed firearm or ammunition requested by a respondent only after confirming that:

(A) The respondent is eligible to own or possess the firearms and ammunition;

(B) The firearm or ammunition was lawfully possessed; and

(C) The respondent has paid any applicable fee charged against the respondent by the Metropolitan Police Department pursuant to subsection 1007(e).

(b)(1) If a respondent who lawfully possessed a firearm or ammunition does not wish to have the firearm or ammunition returned, or the respondent is no longer eligible to own or possess firearms or ammunition, the respondent may sell or transfer title of the firearm or ammunition in accordance with applicable law.

(2) The Metropolitan Police Department shall transfer possession of a firearm or ammunition through a licensed firearm dealer to a purchaser or recipient, but only after the licensed firearms dealer has displayed written proof of the sale or transfer of the firearm or ammunition from the respondent to the dealer, and the Metropolitan Police Department has verified the transfer with the respondent.

(c) If the respondent does not request return of a firearm or ammunition under subsection (a) of this section, or sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition under subsection (b) of this section, within 6 months after the date the extreme risk protection order is terminated, or expires and is not renewed, the Metropolitan Police Department shall treat the firearm or ammunition as surrendered and the firearm or ammunition shall be subject to § 7-2507.05(b).


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1009; as added May 10, 2019, D.C. Law 22-314, § 2(e), 66 DCR 1672.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-41, Apr. 15, 2019, 66 DCR 5255).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-629, Jan. 30, 2018, 66 DCR 1729).


§ 7–2510.10. Recording requirements.

(a) The Metropolitan Police Department shall:

(1) Maintain a searchable database of extreme risk protection orders issued, terminated, and renewed pursuant to this subchapter; and

(2) Make the information maintained in paragraph (1) of this subsection available to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia, the Office of the Attorney General, and any other relevant law enforcement, pretrial, corrections, or community supervision agency upon request.

(b) The Mayor, or the Mayor's designee, shall immediately submit information about extreme risk protection orders issued, renewed, or terminated pursuant to this subchapter to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System for the purposes of firearm purchaser background checks.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1010; as added May 10, 2019, D.C. Law 22-314, § 2(e), 66 DCR 1672; Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(m), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(p) of Omnibus Public Safety and Justice Emergency Amendment Act of 2021 (D.C. Act 24-25, Feb. 26, 2021, 68 DCR 002604).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(m) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-342, July 27, 2020, 67 DCR 9368).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(m) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-297, May 1, 2020, 67 DCR 5037).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(m) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-103, July 24, 2019, 66 DCR 9738).

For temporary (90 days) amendment of this section, see § 3(m) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-49, May 16, 2019, 66 DCR 6310).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-41, Apr. 15, 2019, 66 DCR 5255).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-629, Jan. 30, 2018, 66 DCR 1729).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(m) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-123, Aug. 6, 2020, 67 DCR 5103).

For temporary (225 days) amendment of this section, see § 4(m) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Clarification Temporary Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Law 23-17, Sept. 11, 2019, 66 DCR 8741).


§ 7–2510.11. Violation of an extreme risk protection order.

(a) A person violates an extreme risk protection order if, after receiving actual notice of being subject to an extreme risk protection order, the person knowingly has possession or control of, purchases, or receives a firearm or ammunition.

(b) A person convicted of violating an extreme risk protection order shall be:

(1) Fined no more than the amount set forth in § 22-3571.01, or incarcerated for no more than 180 days, or both; and

(2) Prohibited from having possession or control of, purchasing, or receiving a firearm or ammunition for a period of 5 years after the date of conviction.

(c) A violation of an extreme risk protection order shall not be considered a:

(1) Weapons offense; or

(2) Gun offense, as that term is defined in § 7-2508.01(3).


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1011; as added May 10, 2019, D.C. Law 22-314, § 2(e), 66 DCR 1672.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-41, Apr. 15, 2019, 66 DCR 5255).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-629, Jan. 30, 2018, 66 DCR 1729).


§ 7–2510.12. Law enforcement to retain other authority.

Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed to affect the ability of a law enforcement officer, as that term is defined in § 7-2509.01(3), to remove firearms or ammunition from any person pursuant to other lawful authority.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, title X, § 1012; as added May 10, 2019, D.C. Law 22-314, § 2(e), 66 DCR 1672.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Congressional Review Emergency Amendment Act of 2019 (D.C. Act 23-41, Apr. 15, 2019, 66 DCR 5255).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2(e) of Firearms Safety Omnibus Emergency Amendment Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-629, Jan. 30, 2018, 66 DCR 1729).


§ 7–2510.13. Extreme Risk Protection Order Implementation Working Group.

(a) There is established an Extreme Risk Protection Order Implementation Working Group ("Working Group"), which shall be composed of the following individuals:

(1) District government members, or their designees:

(A) The Chairperson of the Council's Committee on the Judiciary and Public Safety;

(B) The Deputy Mayor for Public Safety and Justice;

(C) The Deputy Mayor for Health and Human Services;

(D) The Attorney General for the District of Columbia;

(E) The Chief of the Metropolitan Police Department;

(F) The Gun Violence Prevention Director in the Office of the City Administrator;

(G) The Executive Director of the Office of Neighborhood Safety and Engagement;

(H) The Director of the Department of Youth Rehabilitation Services;

(I) The Chief Medical Examiner;

(J) The Director of the Department of Forensic Sciences;

(K) The Director of the Office of Victim Services and Justice Grants;

(L) The Executive Director of the Criminal Justice Coordinating Council; and

(M) The Director of the Department of Behavioral Health; and

(2) Community members and organizations, or their designees:

(A) Everytown for Gun Safety;

(B) Moms Demand Action for Gun Sense in America, D.C. Chapter;

(C) The Giffords Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence;

(D) The Coalition to Stop Gun Violence;

(E) Brady: United Against Gun Violence;

(F) The D.C. Appleseed Center for Law & Justice;

(G) The D.C. Coalition Against Domestic Violence;

(H) The D.C. Behavioral Health Association;

(I) The Council for Court Excellence;

(J) The American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, National Capital Area Chapter; and

(K) One representative from each of the District's violence interruption contractors with the Office of Neighborhood Safety and Engagement and the Office of the Attorney General's Cure the Streets program.

(b) The Working Group may also request the participation of other subject matter experts, as well as designees of the following:

(1) The Chief Judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia; and

(2) The United States Attorney for the District of Columbia.

(c) The Chairperson of the Council's Committee on the Judiciary and Public Safety and the Deputy Mayor for Public Safety and Justice shall serve as the co-chairs of the Working Group.

(d) The duties of the Working Group shall include:

(1) Improving public awareness of extreme risk protection orders;

(2) Improving the coordination of District and federal agencies regarding the filing, adjudication, and execution of extreme risk protection orders;

(3) Facilitating the education of behavioral and mental health professionals about extreme risk protection orders;

(4) Advancing the development of District government policies and procedures to govern extreme risk protection orders, such as written directives of the Metropolitan Police Department; and

(5) Reviewing and incorporating best practices from other jurisdictions concerning extreme risk protection order laws, policies, and procedures.

(e) This section shall expire on January 1, 2023.


(Sept. 24, 1976, D.C. Law 1-85, § 1013; as added Apr. 27, 2021, D.C. Law 23-274, § 102(n), 68 DCR 001034.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2 of Extreme Risk Protection Order Implementation Working Group Second Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 24-33, Mar. 17, 2021, 68 DCR 003187).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2 of Extreme Risk Protection Order Implementation Working Group Second Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-598, Jan. 13, 2021, 68 DCR 001197).

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2 of Extreme Risk Protection Order Implementation Working Group Emergency Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Act 23-252, Mar. 17, 2020, 67 DCR 3467).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) creation of this section, see § 2 of Extreme Risk Protection Order Implementation Working Group Temporary Amendment Act of 2020 (D.C. Law 23-107, June 17, 2020, 67 DCR 3950).