Code of the District of Columbia

Chapter 4A. Semi-public Swimming Pools.


§ 7–431. Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter, the term:

(1) "Bather" means any person using a swimming pool or spa pool and adjoining deck area for the purpose of water sports, recreation therapy, or related activities.

(2) "Class C, semi-public swimming pool" or "swimming pool" means any swimming pool operated solely for and in conjunction with lodgings such as hotels, motels, cooperatives, apartments, and condominiums.

(3) "Diving board" means a recreational mechanism for entering a swimming pool, consisting of a semi-rigid board that derives its elasticity through the use of a fulcrum mounted below the board.

(4) "Lifeguard" means a person responsible for the safety of the users of a swimming pool or spa pool who possesses a current:

(A) American Red Cross, Young Men's Christian Association, or other lifeguard certification;

(B) First aid certificate; and

(C) Cardiopulmonary resuscitation certificate, issued by a nationally recognized aquatic training organizations, such as the International Lifeguard Training Program, that is adopted and recognized by the Department of Health.

(5) "Sauna" means an aquatic feature including the application of water vapor from hot water facilities such as Jacuzzis, hot tubs, and steam baths.

(6) "Spa pool" means a structure intended for either warm or cold water where prolonged exposure is not intended. Spa structures are intended to be used for bathing or other recreational uses and are not usually drained and refilled after each use and may include hydrotherapy, air induction bubbles, and recirculation.


(July 17, 2018, D.C. Law 22-147, § 2, 65 DCR 5988.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 2 of Pools Without Penalties Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-273, Mar. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 2374).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) creation of this section, see § 2 of Pools Without Penalties Temporary Act of 2018 (D.C. Law 22-101, June 5, 2018, 65 DCR 3771).


§ 7–432. Lifeguards.

(a) Except as provided in subsection (b) of this section, a lifeguard shall not be required for a Class C, semi-public swimming pool that is:

(1) Open for use only to persons who hold membership or other paid association in the facility where the swimming pool is located;

(2) Open for use only to persons who are permanent or temporary residents or guests of residents at the facility where the swimming pool is located;

(3) Open for use to persons who are lodging for a fee at the facility where the swimming pool is located; or

(4) A spa pool or sauna.

(b) A lifeguard shall be required for a Class C, semi-public swimming pool that has:

(1) A diving board;

(2) A depth greater than 5 feet; provided, that the swimming pool is constructed after June 30, 2018; or

(3) An expected bather population that is 50 % or more children under 15 years of age.


(July 17, 2018, D.C. Law 22-147, § 3, 65 DCR 5988.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 3 of Pools Without Penalties Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-273, Mar. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 2374).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) creation of this section, see § 3 of Pools Without Penalties Temporary Act of 2018 (D.C. Law 22-101, June 5, 2018, 65 DCR 3771).


§ 7–433. Facilities.

An operator of a Class C, semi-public swimming pool shall not be required to provide shower facilities, toilet facilities, eye wash stations, and dressing rooms for swimming pool users where:

(1) Use of the swimming pool is restricted to residents and guests; and

(2) The farthest dwelling unit in the hotel, motel, cooperative, condominium, or apartment building is less than 300 feet from the swimming pool area, as measured along walkways provided for access by residents and guests to the swimming pool area.


(July 17, 2018, D.C. Law 22-147, § 4, 65 DCR 5988.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 4 of Pools Without Penalties Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-273, Mar. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 2374).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) creation of this section, see § 4 of Pools Without Penalties Temporary Act of 2018 (D.C. Law 22-101, June 5, 2018, 65 DCR 3771).


§ 7–434. Operations.

A cooperative, condominium, or apartment building operating a Class C, semi-public swimming pool shall not be required to:

(1) Provide a swimming pool operator, pursuant to section 300.1 of Title 25-C of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations (25-C DCMR § 300.1);

(2) Provide the information required pursuant to section 412 of Title 25-C of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations (25-C DCMR § 412 et seq.);

(3) Provide new construction of, or alterations to, a swimming pool beyond those required by section 303 of Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act, approved July 26, 1990 (104 Stat. 327; 42 U.S.C. § 12183), and 28 C.F.R Part 36, Subpart D;

(4) Provide a fence around a rooftop swimming pool;

(5) Provide a safety line, pursuant to section 505.4 of Title 25-C of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations (25-C DCMR § 505.4); or

(6) Obtain a facility license, pursuant to section 700.1 of Title 25-C of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations (25-C DCMR § 700.1).


(July 17, 2018, D.C. Law 22-147, § 5, 65 DCR 5988.)

Emergency Legislation

For temporary (90 days) creation of this section, see § 5 of Pools Without Penalties Emergency Act of 2018 (D.C. Act 22-273, Mar. 3, 2018, 65 DCR 2374).

Temporary Legislation

For temporary (225 days) creation of this section, see § 5 of Pools Without Penalties Temporary Act of 2018 (D.C. Law 22-101, June 5, 2018, 65 DCR 3771).