Code of the District of Columbia

Subchapter III. Interest Exchange.


§ 29–203.01. Interest exchange authorized.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, by complying with this subchapter:

(1) A domestic entity may acquire all of one or more classes or series of interests of another domestic or foreign entity in exchange for interests, securities, obligations, rights to acquire interests or securities, cash, or other property, or any combination of the foregoing; or

(2) All of one or more classes or series of interests of a domestic entity may be acquired by another domestic or foreign entity in exchange for interests, securities, obligations, rights to acquire interests or securities, money, or other property, or any combination of the foregoing.

(b) Except as otherwise provided in this section, by complying with the provisions of this subchapter applicable to foreign entities a foreign entity may be the acquiring or acquired entity in an interest exchange under this subchapter if the interest exchange is authorized by the law of the foreign entity’s jurisdiction of formation.

(c) If a protected agreement contains a provision that applies to a merger of a domestic entity, but does not refer to an interest exchange, the provision shall apply to an interest exchange in which the domestic entity is the acquired entity as if the interest exchange were a merger until the provision is amended after the effective date of this chapter.

(d) This subchapter shall not apply to a transaction under:

(1) Subchapter IX of Chapter 3 of this title; or

(2) Section 29-609.05, to the extent inconsistent with that section.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(b)(11), 59 DCR 13171.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 substituted “money” for “cash” in (a)(2); and substituted “formation” for “organization” in (b).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.


§ 29–203.02. Plan of interest exchange.

(a) A domestic entity may be the acquired entity in an interest exchange under this subchapter by approving a plan of interest exchange. The plan shall be in a record and contain:

(1) The name and type of entity of the acquired entity;

(2) The name, jurisdiction of formation, and type of the acquiring entity;

(3) The manner of converting the interests in the acquired entity into interests, securities, obligations, rights to acquire interests or securities, money, or other property, or any combination of the foregoing;

(4) Any proposed amendments to the public organic record, if any, or private organic rules that are, or are proposed to be, in a record of the acquired entity;

(5) The other terms and conditions of the interest exchange; and

(6) Any other provision required by the law of the District or the organic rules of the acquired entity.

(b) A plan of interest exchange may contain any other provision not prohibited by law.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(b)(12), 59 DCR 13171.)

Section References

This section is referenced in § 29-201.02.

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 inserted “of entity” following “type” in (a)(1); substituted “formation, and type” for “organization, and type” in (a)(2); substituted “money” for “cash” in (a)(3); and substituted “record, if any” for “document” in (a)(4).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.


§ 29–203.03. Approval of interest exchange.

(a) A plan of interest exchange shall not be effective unless it has been approved:

(1) By a domestic acquired entity:

(A) In accordance with the requirements, if any, in its organic law and organic rules for approval of an interest exchange;

(B) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (d) of this section, if its organic law or organic rules do not provide for approval of an interest exchange in accordance with the requirements, if any, in its organic law and organic rules for approval of:

(i) In the case of an entity that is not a business corporation, a merger, as if the interest exchange were a merger; or

(ii) In the case of a business corporation, a merger requiring approval by a vote of the interest holders of the business corporation, as if the interest exchange were that type of merger; or

(C) If its organic law or organic rules do not provide for approval of an interest exchange or a merger described in subparagraph (B)(ii) of this paragraph, by all of the interest holders of the entity entitled to vote on or consent to any matter; and

(2) In a record, by each interest holder of a domestic acquired entity that will have interest holder liability for liabilities that arise after the interest exchange becomes effective, unless, in the case of an entity that is not a business corporation or nonprofit corporation:

(A) The organic rules of the entity provide in a record for the approval of an interest exchange or a merger in which some or all of its interest holders become subject to interest holder liability by the vote or consent of less than all of the interest holders; and

(B) The interest holder voted for or consented in a record to that provision of the organic rules or became an interest holder after the adoption of that provision.

(b) An interest exchange involving a foreign acquired entity shall not be effective unless it is approved by the foreign entity in accordance with the law of the foreign entity’s jurisdiction of formation.

(c) Except as otherwise provided in its organic law or organic rules, the interest holders of the acquiring entity shall not be required to approve the interest exchange.

(d) A provision of the organic law of a domestic acquired entity that would permit a merger between the acquired entity and the acquiring entity to be approved without the vote or consent of the interest holders of the acquired entity because of the percentage of interests in the acquired entity held by the acquiring entity shall not apply to approval of an interest exchange under subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(b)(13), 59 DCR 13171.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 substituted “formation” for “organization” in (b).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.


§ 29–203.04. Amendment or abandonment of plan of interest exchange.

(a) A plan of interest exchange may be amended only with the consent of each party to the plan, except as otherwise provided in the plan. A domestic acquired entity may approve an amendment of a plan of interested exchange:

(1) In the same manner as the plan was approved if the plan does not provide for the manner in which it may be amended; or

(2) By the governors or interest holders of the entity in the manner provided in the plan, but an interest holder that was entitled to vote on or consent to approval of the interest exchange shall be entitled to vote on or consent to any amendment of the plan that will change:

(A) The amount or kind of interests, securities, obligations, rights to acquire interests or securities, money, or other property, or any combination of the foregoing, to be received by any of the interest holders of the acquired entity under the plan;

(B) The public organic record or private organic rules of the acquired entity that will be in effect immediately after the interest exchange becomes effective, except for changes that do not require approval of the interest holders of the acquired entity under its organic law or organic rules; or

(C) Any other terms or conditions of the plan if the change would adversely affect the interest holder in any material respect.

(b) After a plan of interest exchange has been approved by a domestic acquired entity and before a statement of interest exchange becomes effective, the plan may be abandoned:

(1) As provided in the plan; or

(2) Unless prohibited by the plan, in the same manner as the plan was approved.

(c) If a plan of interest exchange is abandoned after a statement of interest exchange has been delivered to the Mayor for filing and before the statement of interest exchange becomes effective, a statement of abandonment, signed by a party to the plan, shall be delivered to the Mayor for filing before the time the statement of interest exchange becomes effective. The statement of abandonment shall be effective upon filing by the Mayor, and the interest exchange shall be abandoned and shall not become effective. The statement of abandonment shall contain:

(1) The name of the acquired entity;

(2) The date on which the statement of interest exchange was filed; and

(3) A statement that the interest exchange has been abandoned in accordance with this section.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(b)(14), 59 DCR 13171.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 rewrote (a) and (c).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.


§ 29–203.05. Statement of interest exchange; effective date.

(a) A statement of interest exchange shall be signed on behalf of a domestic acquired entity and delivered to the Mayor for filing.

(b) A statement of interest exchange shall contain:

(1) The name and type of the acquired entity;

(2) The name, jurisdiction of formation, and type of entity of the acquiring entity;

(3) If the statement of interest exchange is not to be effective upon filing, the later date and time on which it will become effective, which shall not be more than 90 days after the date of filing;

(4) A statement that the plan of interest exchange was approved by the acquired entity in accordance with this subchapter; and

(5) Any amendments to the acquired entity’s public organic record approved as part of the plan of interest exchange.

(c) In addition to the requirements of subsection (b) of this section, a statement of interest exchange may contain any other provision not prohibited by law.

(d) A plan of interest exchange that is signed on behalf of a domestic acquired entity and meets all of the requirements of subsection (b) of this section may be delivered to the Mayor for filing instead of a statement of interest exchange and upon filing by the Mayor has the same effect. If a plan of interest exchange is filed as provided in this subsection, references in this chapter to a statement of interest exchange shall refer to the plan of interest exchange filed under this subsection.

(e) A statement of interest exchange shall be effective upon the date and time of filing or the later date and time specified in the statement of interest exchange.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(b)(15), 59 DCR 13171.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 substituted “delivered to the Mayor for filing” for “filed with the Mayor” in (a) and (d); substituted “formation, and type of entity” for “organization, and type” in (b)(2); substituted “record” for “document” in (b)(5); and added “by the Mayor” following “filing” in the second sentence of (d).

Editor's Notes

Application of Law 19-210: Section 7 of D.C. Law 19-210 provided that the act shall apply as of January 1, 2012.


§ 29–203.06. Effect of interest exchange.

(a) When an interest exchange becomes effective:

(1) The interests in the acquired entity that are the subject of the interest exchange shall cease to exist or are converted or exchanged, and the interest holders of those interests shall be entitled only to the rights provided to them under the plan of interest exchange and to any appraisal rights they have under § 29-201.09 and the acquired entity’s organic law;

(2) The acquiring entity shall be the interest holder of the interests in the acquired entity stated in the plan of interest exchange to be acquired by the acquiring entity;

(3) The public organic record, if any, of the acquired entity shall be amended as provided in the statement of interest exchange and shall be binding on its interest holders; and

(4) The private organic rules of the acquired entity that are to be in a record, if any, shall be amended to the extent provided in the plan of interest exchange and shall be binding on and enforceable by:

(A) Its interest holders; and

(B) In the case of an acquired entity that is not a business corporation or nonprofit corporation, any other person that is a party to an agreement that is part of the acquired entity’s private organic rules.

(b) Except as otherwise provided in the organic law or organic rules of the acquired entity, the interest exchange shall not give rise to any rights that an interest holder, governor, or third party would otherwise have upon a dissolution, liquidation, or winding-up of the acquired entity.

(c) When an interest exchange becomes effective, a person that did not have interest holder liability with respect to the acquired entity and that becomes subject to interest holder liability with respect to a domestic entity as a result of the interest exchange shall have interest holder liability only to the extent provided by the organic law of the entity and only for those liabilities that arise after the interest exchange becomes effective.

(d) When an interest exchange becomes effective, the interest holder liability of a person that ceases to hold an interest in a domestic acquired entity with respect to which the person had interest holder liability shall be as follows:

(1) The interest exchange shall not discharge any interest holder liability under the organic law of the domestic acquired entity to the extent the interest holder liability arose before the interest exchange became effective;

(2) The person shall not have interest holder liability under the organic law of the domestic acquired entity for any liability that arises after the interest exchange becomes effective;

(3) The organic law of the domestic acquired entity shall continue to apply to the release, collection, or discharge of any interest holder liability preserved under paragraph (1) of this subsection as if the interest exchange had not occurred; and

(4) The person has whatever rights of contribution from any other person as are provided by law other than this title or the organic rules of the domestic acquired entity with respect to any interest holder liability preserved under paragraph (1) of this subsection as if the interest exchange had not occurred.


(July 2, 2011, D.C. Law 18-378, § 2, 58 DCR 1720; Mar. 5, 2013, D.C. Law 19-210, § 2(b)(16), 59 DCR 13171.)

Effect of Amendments

The 2013 amendment by D.C. Law 19-210 substituted “record” for “document” in (a)(3); and substituted “law other than this title or the” for “the organic law or” in (d)(4).